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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Limmour, Lymmour, n. Also: lym(m)our, -owr; lymmar, (lymnar, lummar); limmer, lymmer, -yr. [e.m.E. lymour (1480), -ore, lymer (1578), limmer (1580); origin obscure.A connection with F. limon has been suggested, but without a convincing explanation of the change of ending.]

The shaft of a cart, gun-carriage etc. Also in plur., a pair of these, also ? the detachable fore-part or limber of a gun-carriage.(a) ?1438 Alex. ii. 9160.
He lichtit betuix the limmouris [F. limons] tua
1496 Treas. Acc. I. 290.
To Dande Achinsone … to get cart lymmouris to bring hame quhelis fra Melros xj s. vj d.
1511 Prestwick B. Rec. 43.
j car lymmour
1513 Doug. ix. vi. 23.
The cartis stand with lymowris bendyt strek
Ib. xii. viii. 58. 1517 Treas. Acc. V. 157.
For ane hors … put in the gun cart lymmowris
(b) 1501 Doug. Pal. Hon. i. xxxiii.
Ane chariote … The lymnaris wer of birneist gold
1513 Treas. Acc. IV. 512.
iiij duson greit sparris to be lummaris [sic] to thaim [carts]
1527 Ib. V. 321.
For tymmer wrocht in the stokkis of the gunnys, quhelis, lymmaris and extreis
1543–4 Ib. VIII. 253.
For ane new lymnar to ane of the clos carttis
1544–5 Ib. 360.
For carage hyer of tua pair of lymmarris furtht of the castell … to … Leith to tua carttis of cutthrottis quhairof the lymmarris brak be the gait
(c) 1529 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I. 10.
Ane band to ane of the lymmyrris of the hurle cartis
Ib. 26.
1565 Reg. Privy C. I. 403, 1585 9th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. ii. 193/1. 1618 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II. 126.
For … tua bandis to the limmeris of the cart

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"Limmour n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 12 Jun 2024 <>



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