A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Cast, v. Also: caste, kast(e, caist; p.t. kest(e, kist(e, kyst(e, keist, ceist, keastt, ceast; kaist(e, caist, cast; kost, kust, cust(e, kuist (kwist), cuist, coost; p.p. castin(e, -yne, castne, casten(e; cassin(e, -yn(e, cassen (cassing); cast (kast). [ME. casten (c 1230), cast(e, ON. kasta (p.t. -aðe, p.p. -aðr). The usual forms of the p.t. and p.p. follow the model of the strong verbs.]
I. 1. To cast or throw, so as to shift from one place to another.
To cast cantrips: see Cantrip n.
(a) Do caste we owt this ded body; Leg. S. xvi. 476.
Quhy thole ȝe thame … to kast thame in the lak[e]? Ib. xx. 226.
To cast stanys fast behynde; Wynt. ii. 518.
Syne he bad that men suld fast That watyr in thare howsys cast; Ib. v. 1240.
Thay within can stanes cast; Alex. ii. 1327.
He gert cast in the furnas the thre haly persouns; Hay I. 8/1.
He bad the coilȝear … Cast the creillis fra the capill; Rauf C. 487.
He … Bad byrne his cors and cast it in the se; Bk. Chess 1055.
Fische wyvis cryis, Fy, and castis doun skillis and skeilis; Dunb. Flyt. 231.
The ald waykly … A dart did cast; Doug. ii. ix. 64.
The querriouris … oblist thame … to cast the red behin thame and fill vp the hollis; 1554 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 193.
[He] to the sey can pas … And thair but mair castis in the … knicht; Rolland Seven S. 6626.
God … soune heirefter castis the scourge in the fyre; Pitsc. II. 102/19.
Thair wes the noyis of pepill casting the glassis with wyne; Diurn. Occurr. 68.
Into the port hir self sho castis Thair lyfe or death to find; Maitl. Q. lxxx. 3.
Alleging … that thai do caist thame [the peats] away in the pet pottis; 1604 Urie Baron Ct. 6.
Prophaning the Sabboth daye in casting the stone and hammer; 1612 Misc. Maitl. C. I. 419.
You … did sie George Fergusone … playeing and casteing his bonnet; 1688 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XIII. 247.
(b) Thair gownys deliuerly … thai kest avay; Barb. viii. 469.
Thai … mony speris … Kest emang thame; Ib. xi. 593.
That serpent … he in the fyre … fra him keste; Leg. S. ii. 42.
The prince can pray That thai hyr kest nocht in the se; Ib. xvi. 502.
Thare oure the wattyr he kest hys wand; Wynt. v. 5190.
He … kest fast … the blode In till Willame Walays face; Ib. viii. 2062.
His son in to the se he kest; Seven S. 2590.
Quhilk crose and nalis … And bludy crowne befoir me kest; Dunb. lxxii. 108.
On we kest of warm mylk mony a skul; Doug. iii. i. 125.
Scho … fra hir kest hir wapynnys and armyng; Ib. xi. xv. 144.
Apoun oure folkis Romanis … kest dartis; Boece v. ii. 166.
Thai kest at hir al thare targis; Bell. Livy I. 33/32.
Than Nembroth … Thir brether boith keste in the fyre; Lynd. Mon. 1872.
I … kest myself richt with ane michtie bend; Lichtoun Dreme 17.
It is tryit that John Layngis sone … kest stans at James Grantis quhyit; 1597 Elgin Rec. II. 59.
James Abercrombie … kest ane seatt foorth in the middest of the kirk; 1635 Kirkcaldy Presb. 101.
The scolleris … rave thame all in blaidis … and kest them in the sea; Spalding I. 87.
(b) One hyme scho kyste the vatyr rath; Leg. S. xvii. 65.
The fel paianis … kist stanis at thame; Ib. xli. 279.
He … kiste thare-in pyk & brynstan; Ib. xliv. 285.
(c) The said Ewin … keist ane tre … at me, … and thaireftyr keist stanis at me; 1567 Inverness B. Rec. I. 146.
All the remanent [munition] thai keist in the sey ground; Diurn Occurr. 230.
Agnes Smyt careit the watter … to the rynnand wattir of Lossie and keist in the same thair; 1594 Elgin Rec. II. 39.
He keist a staine at hir calff; 1604 Ib. 125.
David Hoode … [murdered] Johnne Harlaw, … and keastt him in a howe ditche; 1627 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. II. 62.
(d) Villiam Hall, officiar, kaist furtht the stres, ij stulis, furtht of the houssis; 1554 Prot. Bk. G. Grote 2.
Quha sauld thair geris and landis … and kaist the prices thairof at the Disciplis feit; Winȝet I. 127/24.
The pryice of Christ quhillk Iudas kaist againe; Maitl. Q. lxii. 146.
He tuik ane thing lyke to ane fute-ball … and caist the same in the see; 1590 Crim. Trials I. 211.
The deponer kaist the halk fra him; 1600 Acts IV. 208/2.
I … caist them out like myre in streets; Mure Ps. xviii. 42.
He … murthered the said Nathalocus … sittand on the previe … and kaist him thairin; Bisset II. 166/30.
(e) Iok Mosman cuist ane stane at Iame Mennon; 1524 Carnwath Baron Ct. 18 b.
He cuist out ane pursfull of auld sousis; 1550–1 Corr. M. Lorraine 346.
Dauid Orme … kuist vpe agane the saidis staneis and lyme of the brokin wall; 1565 Prot. Bk. J. Scott 31.
The rest [of the arms] thei cust ouer in the sea; Bann. Memor. 174.
[He] patt violent hands on his wyff, … and cuist hir our hir awin stair; 1593 Edinb. B. Rec. V. 85.
He … cuist ane sklait stane ower the wyndo among the pepill; 1600 Crim. Trials II. 196.
Scho almost cuist the bairne thryse in the fyre; 1624 Miss. Abbotsf. C. 146.
[He] with a graip kuist down a great part of the thack … of the said hous; 1641 Peebles Gleanings 238.
(c) The quene … that cofyne nere-by cane se With wawis castine to the land; Leg. S. xii. 65.
In the mikil fyre … he gert tham castine be; Ib. xx. 275.
In the se his body lay Castyn thare efftyr mony day; Wynt. v. 912.
The barnis was castyn to the wolvis in the wod; Hay I. 40/30.
The wit thou suld haue had was castin in … with a staf slong; Kennedy Flyt. 357.
[Thay] ar worthie … to be castin in the deip and dark pit of hel; Hamilton Facile Tr. 390.
His hoar head cut off … and casten at the King's feet; 1698 Fam. Innes 38.
(b) Certane personis … [have] tane away the said proppis and cassyne mony of thaim in the … wattir of Cruok; 1450 Reg. Episc. Brechin I. 151.
Quhar drink and draff may ilka day Be cassyne super faciem mean; Dunb. vi. 40.
Swa at the muk stuf … cassyn in at the clovs may be keppit thare; 1518 Dunferm. B. Rec. 297.
Ane haile [brandar] and ane brokin and cassin by; 1519 Reg. Episc. Aberd. II. 177.
The occiane see apperit bludy, and mony deid bodyis cassin to the brayis thairof; Bell. Boece I. 121.
His body suld be cassin to the houndis; Ib. 174.
The gudes to be eschett or cassing our the craig; 1549 Ann. Banff. I. 27.
He was cassen over-thorte a pair of crealles, and so was caryed to Abirdene; Knox II. 357.
That … the lynt … be … oppynit, handillit, and cassin furth to the wynd; 1564 Reg. Privy C. I. 281.
xij boistis scrochertis and confectis that was cassin over the stairs of the bow the day of the entres; 1590 Edinb. B. Rec. V. 331.
That he suffir na stainis nor ballest to be cassin out; 1605 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 237.
The defunct missing his dager, quhilk … was cassin vp … vpone ane almerie heid; 1612 Crim. Trials IIII. 239.
Ane great number of glasses to be cassin and brokin; 1660 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 187.
(c) He is cast into the sey; Rolland Seven S. 6627.
That man sall be cast furth; Lauder Minor P. i. 126.
b. absol. To perform the act of throwing.
Sa far as man mycht caste with hand; Leg. S. xl. 510.
Qwhen thai castyne hade; Wynt. viii. 4864.
Sum kest with handes and sum with sloung; Alex. ii. 1329.
Thay castand war rycht awfull on athir sid; Wall. ix. 167 (ed. 1570).
The maste parte To schut or cast war perfite in the art; Doug. vii. xi. 110.
fig. With the Empreour in fauouris ȝe do stand; Thairfoir the mair thay will cast at ȝour hand; Rolland Seven S. 9087.
c. To cast (dice, lots, etc.). Also absol.
For examples with the nouns see Cavill, Cut, Dice, Lot.
It [sc. the lot] wald on him, … Continually, quhill thai had castyn thrys; Wall. vii. 386.
This harlot kest apon thre dyce auchtene; Bk. Chess 1990.
Quhen Bernard kest, a dyce in two is gone; Ib. 1992.
Bot he kest vp fair syisis thre; Dunb. xxxiv. 73.
fig. A wretchit woman … Vhose chanch is cassin that sho can not chuse Bot sigh; Montg. Son. xxxiv. 3.
d. To bandy, exchange (words).
Fra that kest thai na ma wordis; Wynt. viii. 2049.
2. To bring, put, convey, etc., with some force or speed; to change the place of (something) by a forcible or sudden movement. Freq. with adverbs, as down, out, up, or preps., as in(to).
(a) Herod gert Johnne in presone caste; Leg. S. xxxvi. 333.
Betwene the chapellis [sal be] guteryt with hewyn stane to cast the watir owte; 1387 Edinb. Charters 35.
Thir spycery brayde be thaim self … castis out vennome; c 1420 Liber Calchou 451.
The yhettis … off the towne thai gert wp cast; Wynt. viii. 1810.
As drede … gerris a person cast downe the hede, and luke to the erde; Hay II. 45/22.
Syne Deid castis up his ȝettis wyd; Dunb. lxix. 36.
Quhair ony baxsteris hes … ony quheit liand to grynd and will nocht cast on and grynd the samyn; 1531 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 55.
Sum castis the tabill to the ground; Rolland Seven S. 4833.
Cast nocht our oft Ȝour speir in to the reist; Balnavis Bann. MS. 138 b/13.
Ȝe can tak no rest Quhill thay kast vp all four; Scott xxxiv. 64.
You, deliuerit of ane wyfe, castis your self in the samyn nette; Buch. Wr. 57.
(b) He … kist his hud done oure his face; Leg. S. xxiii. 269.
Tha twa wyld bestys … Kest downe amang thare lymmys lawe Thare hedys; Wynt. v. 176.
He kest twa creillis on ane capill; Rauf C. 365.
With that the cok … Kest vp his beik; Henr. Fab. 460.
In fewtir kest a fellone aspre sper The knycht Fenweik; Wall. iii. 168.
The scheld in counter he kest our his cleir weid; Gol. & Gaw. 950.
Alsone as this ȝoung squyer kest his speir in to his reist to ryn; Myll Spect. 294/23.
Al thai of Troy … Kest vp the portis; Doug. ii. i. 26.
I … kest on clathis thryn fald; Ib. vii. Prol. 95.
Than the king kest abak his handis; Bell. Boece II. 298.
He keist hime in to presone vnto he suld pay it; Gau 60/13.
First doun thay kest Moyses Pentateuchon; Rolland C. Venus iv. i.
Than sat he doun, and kest abak his hude; Freiris Berw. 349.
Sa at schort that image doun he kest; Rolland Seven S. 5009.
[He] keist her down by the way; 1574 St. A. Kirk S. 398.
Sua … he caist him [self] in the kingis gait; Pitsc. I. 104/18.
The vther tua … kaist vp the windowis; 1581 Bann. Memor. 336.
[The] regentis … kest wp the colledge yettis; Spalding I. 151.
(e) The gouernour … tuik him with his brother and cust thame baith in presoune; Pitsc. I. 26/10.
The hors … cust down his head, … and his heid going down, he lopes the supersault; Melvill 259.
The said Dauid … kwist hir doun and hett hir thrie straikis; 1602 Shetland Sheriff Ct. i b.
He … kuist her backeward to the ground; 1629 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. III. 229.
He also melted lead and cust it throw the bowles of ane pair of cheiris thrie sindrie tymes; 1633 Orkney Bp. Ct. 86 b.
That Thomas Moses cuist John Cleg bak over; 1648 Peebles B. Rec. 385.
(c) That all the glut … In tymys mycht be castyne downe; Wynt. iv. 84.
The barnis credill was cassyn owre; Seven S. 441.
With curches, cassin thame abone; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 23.
Scho … was cassin in presoun, quhare scho sone eftir decessit; Bell. Livy I. 17/25.
Euin thame quha had … cassin out deuilis in His name; Winȝet I. 75/14.
The hoill christellingis suddantlie was cassin doun to the eird and brokin; Leslie 179.
The aith beand takin and the cot [= coat] castin on; Lindesay MS. 40 b.
Gif King Ozias … died miserablie, cassin out of the hous of the lord; 1600 Hamilton Facile Tr. 45.
Yettis are cassin wp, in gois thir covenanteris; Spalding I. 158.
b. fig. To put or bring in; to introduce.
The said Peter to bring his witnesses to prove his libel casten in; 1579 Perth Kirk S. 238.
New disturbances were cassin in to reuerse all that wes done in the conference; 1618 Misc Spald. C. II. 161.
3. To throw off, discard, get rid of.
With that he kest of his chemer; Barb. xvi. 601.
Scho castis of haill hir fresch array; Freiris Berw. 228.
Thay raikit baith to rest … And of thair armour kest; Scott ii. 84.
Ȝe plesand paun & papingaw Cast of ȝour blyithlyke cullour; 1570 Sat. P. xv. 38.
Tak on thairfoir thy doulfull weid, Cast of thy proud & staitlie hewis; Maitl. Q. lxxvi. 20.
With that me thocht hir nicht-gowne of sche cuist; Montg. Suppl. 218. xxi. 9.
Considering the yoke … of the Roman Antichryst is cassin of; 1609 Hume 177/410.
4. To cast out of the body, esp. at the mouth; to vomit. Also absol.
A fowle padow at the laste, He keste, that wes laythe to se; Leg. S. ii. 771.
Owt at his mouth thai gert hym cast That paddog with a blob off blude; Wynt. v. 622.
Tak a vomyt of water and vinager, or othir wayis to ger thé cast; Hay II. 124/15.
Thow spewit, and kest out mony a lathly lomp; Kennedy Flyyt. 462.
Scho ȝeild … at baith the endis Till scho had cassin [Ch. castin] a cuppill of quartis; Lynd. Sat. 4355 (B).
Scho castis furth the watter that scho swalleis; Lindesay MS. 30 b.
5. To throw down, off, or away.
Coryne … had grete lykyng To cast thai carlys in werslyng; Wynt. i. 340.
Gif … a man … will cast his gage of bataill; Hay I. 262/3.
Ane Norman … had sic craft in wersling, that he kest all men that assailyeit him; Bell. Boece II. 355.
Thay kest harnes and wapynnys in the flycht; Boece ix. iv. 293 b.
My awin grey mair that kest me; Peblis to Play 176.
To ga he wes agast, For he affeird … His cursour suld him cast; Scott ii. 167.
Sir Presbyter, ye spur Your speavie mear too fast, … Your covenant she'll cast; a 1700 Bk. Pasquils 271.
fig. Sanct Peter kest bot litill thing to serf Ihesu, bot he rewardit him richely; Irland Asl. MS. I. 53/15.
For so wes love by blind effectioun cast; Maitl. Q. lxxv. 15.
Rou custe the vsurie hard be the beuch; 1581 Sat. P. xliv. 127.
b. To throw overboard from a vessel.
Na gudis vnder the ourlop [are] to scot nor lot with tha gudis in case thai be castin; 1467 Acts II. 87/1.
For certane merchandis … quhilk wes tynt and cassin before Coldinghame; 1508 Treas. Acc. IV. 140.
Gif … mastis be hewin, or gudis be castin, … the ship and gudis sall be taxt at the ship's price; Balfour Pract. 623.
Gif the samin [gudis] beis cassin; Bisset II. 205/23 [= 1467 above].
c. To drop (an anchor). Also with doun.
Thai … Kest down thar bewchit ankyrris … Into the raid; Doug. v. xiv. 92.
The Inglis shippes come to the raid of Leyth, quhair thay kest thair anckeris; Leslie 282.
He sayis to his wyfe, goe reid whair I caist my first ancre; Bann. Trans. 426.
Quhair thrie ȝeirs, her anker being castne, sche had stayed; Dalr. I. 61/28.
One of the waughters had caussin anker in thair raid; 1616 Melrose P. 257.
d. To lose or drop (a shoe).
The kingis hors quhilk kest ane scho at the Ballach; 1504 Treas. Acc. II. 442.
e. In passive, of a ship: To be wrecked.
[The ships] sine were cast for all their brags and bost; Hume vii. 91.
Quhilk schipe was cassine away and lost at Brunteilland herbrie; 1653 Edinb. Test. LXVII. 13.
6. To throw down by demolition.
(a) He … gart cast all the wallys down Off Babilone; Wynt. iv. 271.
Thow sall gere cast Downe the templys; Ib. v. 2837.
That thai cast doune and remove … housis biggit apon our wal; 1472 Edinb. Chart. 135.
In entent to cast the cite dovn; Fyve Bestes 315.
The assys deip … Down dyd thai cast; Doug. xi. v. 63.
It salbe leful to the … ballies to cast doun the saidis waist landis; 1540 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 104.
Ȝit every man … suld not cast doun the place quhilk he thynkis falteis; 1553 Misc. Wodrow Soc. 147.
(b) Thare all thare templys he kest downe; Wynt. iv. 569.
The gret byggynys it kest downe; Ib. 1414.
James the secund kest dovne the castell of Inuerawyne; Asl. MS. I. 243/19.
Thay kest downe the wallis thairof onto the ground; Bell. Boece I. 123.
God … cuist doune Sodoma and Gomorra … with brontstaine and fyre; Hamilton Cat. 92.
[Certain] cietineris of Brechine … crewelly strak and dang thame, … and thaireftir keist thair houssis doune; 1563 Crim. Trials I. i. 431.
This maister of Craufurd … keist doun mony of thair houses in Angus; Leslie 19.
They … keist doun the barmekine; Ib. 92.
He … saigeit the castell of Norhame and gat it, quhilk he kest doun; Diurn. Occurr. 3.
They … passit to the Grayfreiris and Blakfreiris … and caist thame all done; Pitsc. II. 146/32.
Quhen he keist downe the falds of Cabrastone; 1595–6 Misc. Spald. C. V. 62.
(c) Eftyr Troyis destructyowne And the cyte castyn downe; Wynt. ii. 1584.
The castelle … Wes tretyd to be castyn down; Ib. vii. 2450.
Housis biggit apon our wal … , the quhilkis ar nedefull to be castin doune; 1472 Edinb. Chart. 135.
Kynclewin was brvnt, brokyn, and castyn doun; Wall. v. 485.
The castell was castin dovn be erll Willam of Douglas; Asl. MS. I. 234/8.
As gyff the closure of the wyne-ȝarde be castin doun; 1558 Misc. Wodrow Soc. 145.
Quhen the Frenchmen haue castne doune the walis; Dalr. II. 310/10.
The balk and passage … to be sichtit and castin doun; 1634 Peebles Gl. 163.
(b) That Dyane … suld Cristis kirk … Ger don thru hyr cassine be; Leg. S. v. 301.
Eftir Troyes distructioun And all the towres. cassyn [v.r. cassen] doun; Troy-bk. ii. 1182.
The tovne of Tyre That was … wtterly distroyit & cassyn dovn; Fyve Bestes 298.
Thair said cruvis [sall be] cassin downe and destroyit with all rigour; 1542 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 111.
The towre … Was cassin doun … throw wilynes; Rolland Seven S. 5502.
I se ȝour tempillis cassin downe and reuin; 1572 Sat. P. xxxiii. 191.
Ane miln … in Widefurd, … aught to be demolishit and casin down; 1595 Orkney Rentals ii. 21.
Ther houses to be cassin doune; 1614 Misc. Spald. C. V. 218.
The samyn [dike] to be cassin doun and demolischit; 1640 Elgin Rec. I. 268.
b. To fell (timber).
Agricola … causit craftismen cast tymmer in the nerrest wod and secretlie jone ane brig; Boece iv. xvi. 151.
7. To direct (the eyes, look, etc.), esp. up or down.
He with that kist vpe the sicht; Leg. S. i. 573.
Sa dois the stelin hat [ger] the knycht cast doune his eyne; Hay II. 45/24.
On cais I kest on syd myne e; Henr. III. 127/5.
I cast on him a crabbit E; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 227.
So keik I … , and castis kynd lukis To knychtis; Ib. 454.
Hyr vissage down scho kest for schame adred; Doug. iii. v. 75.
His eyn … towart the wallys he kest; Ib. xii. xi. 124.
Asyd to him sche caist ane fremmit E; Freiris Berw. 426 (M).
The Empreour … , with browis casting doun, Saying to him [etc.]; Rolland Seven S. 7480.
She cwist hir eyes vnto the highest heaven; Fowler 88/57.
Vpon this nymph fra that scho caist hir ei; Montg. Misc. P. li. 21.
John Ruid confessed that he did kast up hes ey and said it was bloodrune; 1661 Elgin Rec. II. 298.
8. To send out, emit (light, odour, etc.); to throw (a shadow); to send up a shout, etc.
(1) The ruby skyes … Kest beriall bemes on emerant bewis grene; Dunb. G. Targe 39.
A wod abufe … castis a plesand schaddow our the clewis; Doug. i. iv. 18.
The tallownyt burdis kest a pikky low; Ib. ix. ii. 97.
Baith atanys kest fragrant smell; Ib. xii. Prol. 125.
Ane roittin tre, the quhilk siclike caist lycht As dois a sterne; Stewart 32089.
Of stone and perle the bordour caist ane light; Clar. v. 112.
(2) The king vnto Criste kest vp ane cry; Gol. & Gaw. 953.
A fellon bray and huge schowt vp he kest; Doug. iii. x. 32.
9. To perform by leaping or bounding.
He bad gallandis … kast vp gamountis in the skyis; Dunb. xxvi. 11.
Castand galmoundis, with bendis and beckis; Lynd. Compl. King 181.
While ky kest caprels behind with their heeles; Montg. Flyt. 509.
10. To turn over, turn up (a book or passage).
Weile couth he cast the bukis of decres; Fyve Bestes 179.
Sa the Assise … Kest buikis like beis in all proces of law; Rolland Ct. Venus iii. 927.
Castand vp the bukis of sum auncient Fatheris; Winȝet I. 27/10.
I was … casting up at adventur a chapter to reid; 1648 Hope Diary 146.
11. To fire (a gun); to strike (a person).
To gar mak beil fyris and cast gunnys for novelteis of the triumph; 1515 Treas. Acc. V. 47.
James Maben deponis he. saw him cast hir on the scalpe; 1608 Melrose R. Rec. I. 62.
II. 12. a. To drop, give birth to.
[The foals] castyn syne are qwyk gangand; Wynt. i. 1043.
To be ane stude to cast ma folis; 1570 Buch. Wr. 31.
Thow ceist ane barrall of makis furth of the weym; thow castis bot kitlyngis and nocht childeryng; 1571 Elgin Rec. I. 127.
b. intr. Of bees: To throw off a swarm.
Forth of their skepps some raging bees, Lyes out and will not cast; Hume iii. 150.
13. To take (peats or turf) out of or off the ground by digging.
See also dovat, fale, fewall, pete, turf.
(a) Thair aw na man … cast turwis in our foirsaid moir; 1410 Reg. Episc. Brechin I. 30.
The nychtburris of Pebillis sal haf fredom … to cast turris and pwl hedder; 1461 Peebles B. Rec. 139.
To pul hadyr and cast turffis; 1476 Ib. 177.
The said Wilȝame sall cast & wyn xxx crellis of pettis betuex and the next Lammes; 1509 Prestwick B. Rec. 41.
Quhare we … castis scherettis … to sustene our liffis in the winter; Bell. Boece II. 322.
That na personis kast peittis nor turfis upon the mur bot for meit and fe; 1542 Lanark B. Rec. 19.
It sall nocht be lesum to ony freman to cast in the yeir mair nor twa daywerk of turfis; 1574 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 17.
Castand his peittis, mawand his medowes, and delfand his eard of the … landis; Bisset I. 314/16.
The haill auld toun people did cast thair fewall in the touns commontie; 1644 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 33.
Petes and fyre wes veray scars, throw want of seruandis to cast and win thame; Spalding I. 201.
Such of them [sc. peats], as are cast downwards from top to bottom, are … brittle; 1683 Coll. Aberd. & B. 103.
Having … caused cast my kain peats in the moss properly belonging to me; 1698 Maxwell Lett. 347.
(b) Iohnne Forret grauntit … that he keist nocht the turffis be na title of richt; 1516 Fife Sheriff Ct. 42.
Thow passit to the lone of Bogloch, and keist a grene truff or scherard; 1597 Misc. Spald. C. I. 143.
(c) The south syd of Balnamonismyr … occupeit be pettis castin be Symon Banerman; 1495 Liber Aberbr. 289.
The said induellaris … hes castin batht pettis [and] turffis; 1511 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 107.
Anent the mairches that our men had castene turfs [on]; 1634 Peebles Gleanings 171.
To lead away the peats quhich I had casten in my own ground; 1698 Maxwell Lett. 348.
(b) The said [persons] … has … pasturit thair guidis and cassin fewill … quhair nay guids war pasturit nor feuil cassin of before; 1539 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II. 359.
[To] fens and arest all peittis, turves, quhilk ar cassing within the said boundis; 1588 Lanark B. Rec. 93.
The men off Inuernes … hes cassin peitts and towrves in our boundis; 1618 Fam. Rose 308.
For ewrie load of peitis cassin and to be cassin befoir Michaelmes; 1652 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 133.
b. intr. To engage in digging.
Thir ar the expensis and vncostis to the men that kest abowte the schype; 1494 Treas. Acc. I. 249.
Payit … to xv men to cast the space of xv tydis about the schip; 1534 Ib. VI. 234.
Thare gret fortres than did thay founde, And kaiste tyll thay gat souer grounde; Lynd. Mon. 1700.
Thai that wes with him … kist, bot fand na thing; 1601 Aberd. Eccl. Rec. 184.
Persons … fund gultie of casting with foot spades … in meadow ground; 1664 Forbes Baron Ct. 246.
c. To dig up, excavate; to clean out with the spade.
(a) To the monk that castis the gardin; 1497 Treas. Acc. I. 364.
Greit was the work to houke the ground, & thy fundatioun cast; Maitl. Q. lxviii. 90.
Cuntrie men qua leifis thair malingis, and cumis heir to duell, … and castis thair commoun; 1612 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 324.
The thesaurer to caus cast Edderstoun burne, lying to the commoun loaning; 1656 Peebles B. Rec. II. 35.
To John Young for casting the stank and stobing the treds dyck; 1670 Glasgow Weavers 83.
Ane bank to be beat that no persones cast the greines of the cattaills herefter; 1670 Elgin Rec. I. 313.
(b) The men that kest the gayt at the Barwod to the gunnis; 1489 Treas. Acc. I. 116.
Payit to viij men that kost the lang stank on the syde of the North Loch; 1553–4 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 283.
(c) For that caws the mwr of Bathil … was not castine; c 1563 Reg. Panmure I. xxxii.
The … counsell ordanis the gote betuix the Lytill Grene and the land endis of St. Tenochis croft to be cassin; 1610 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 313.
The counsell appoyntis the welheid to be cassin and set about with stanes or staikes; 1657 Lanark B. Rec. 159.
The saids calseys are presentlie to be repaired and the ditches casten; 1669 Aberd. Chart. 271.
d. To form (a trench, etc.) by digging.
(a, b) To Robert Jameson, to cast the greit schippis dok in the Dublar; 1513 Treas. Acc. IV. 464.
Thai war commandit to cast ane brade and profound foussy; Boece vii. ii. 223 b.
Mr Thomas Gaderar, … complenit vpon Robert Mawar for cassin ane stank upon ane taill pertynyng to the said Mr Thomas; 1541 Elgin Rec. I. 64.
(b) Jacques Gelliam, … The gabiounes makand, kaist the trinschis neir; 1573 Sat. P. xxxix. 79.
Taking ane spaid and schule, [he] caist hollis in the sand to have buried him; 1611 Crim. Trials III. 131.
To Iohn Smith and twa men … that cuist and laid the sink fyve dayis; 1613 Mun. Univ. Glasg. III. 564.
Nixt they began to cast ditches … and keist deip ditches … about the hill; Spalding I. 142.
(c) With fowseis braid … That cassin war that tyme on euerilk syde; Stewart 20601.
It is wallit weill abowt with stane, And dowbill stankis castin mony ane; Freiris Berw. 10.
1580 [see Cast n. 7].
It wilbe necessour for the convoying of the said water that seuchis and ditches be cassin; 1621 Acts IV. 632/2.
1676 [see Cast n. 7].
That for the right improveing of the said moss ther be ane stank casten; 1689 Rec. Old Aberd. I. 149.
e. To furnish (with a ditch) by digging.
That littill peice of land … stankit about and castin with ane stank; 1617 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 686.
14. To take in (grain) from the field; to house.
Vmfray Murray … tuk, intromettit withall and kest in a stak of beire and had away the sammyn; 1479 Acta Aud. 94/2.
[That he should] cast in [his corn in due time]; 1573 Prot. Bk. G. Grote 87.
I leue to the laird of Newhall … foure bollis quheit to be takin vp quhen it is castin in; 1581 Edinb. Test. IX. 192.
The saids Robert and his brethir … cuist in ane peis stak standing in the barneyaird thairof; 1585 Reg. Privy C. IV. 38.
b. To thresh or winnow (grain); to turn over in order to air.
I haue castin of aitis als mekill as is ane chalder of meile; 1511 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 106.
The cornes weill stakit began to mothe and rot whill they war cassin over agane; Spalding I. 81.
15. To draw out; to arrange or form; to cast on (a knot, etc.); to carry out.
Ane [scheld] … I beheld … Quhilk cassyn be cognoscence quarterly was; Howlat 417.
The pepill … kest ane range on raw the woid within; Henr. Fab. 1512.
The plouers … cuist there furrous long; Fowler 311/10.
Nickniven with hir nymphis … Quhais cwnning consistis in casting a clew; Montg. Flyt. 405 (T).
I can not chuse; my kinsh is not to cast; Montg. Son. xxxvii. 7.
Ane … squair crinell to be caseine out withe corbellis, seirges, and galconmowthis; 1639 Thanes of Cawdor 284.
For teaching the bairns to wryt, casting them copies, and squaring ther bookes; 1689 Foulis Acc. Bk. 116.
16. To cast in a mould.
To the man that castis the chameris to the brassin gun; 1496 Treas. Acc. I. 285.
To the furnesing and casting of ane gret canoun … cassin this day; 1511 Ib. IV. 278.
The said Thomas had cassin diuerse vtheris of the saidis irnis; 1564 Crim. Trials I. 441.
Sewin cannonis … , cassin be Robert Borthik the maister gounar; Pitsc. I. 259/24.
Of brokin siluer cassin and meltit xiiij vnce weycht; 1587 Edinb. Test. XVIII. 108.
That there be ane taxation … to pay the charges of the bell that was casten in Holland; 1633 Falkirk Par. Rec. I. 78.
That the … sputtis of leid of the kirk be all lifted, of new casting, and laid agane; 1638 Aberd. Univ. Rec. 410.
To the boyes that cuist the bulletts for thair expeditioun; 1650 Peebles B. Rec. 422.
III. 18. To turn over in the mind; to consider; to devise or plan.
(a) In till hys thowcht ay wald be cast Efftyr-hend hys statis all; Wynt. vi. 1004.
Dame Em … Be slycht gert cast this jwperty; Ib. 1740.
Cast all thair counsailis ilkane till othir in thy mynde; Hay II. 147/32.
For in the houre of ded the deuill wvll cast mony wrenkis of falsait; Cr. Deyng 59.
Ane bodie that hes neid, To help thame self suld mony wayis cast; Henr. Fab. 2839.
I rede we cast ws betuene How best is to done; Gol. & Gaw. 323.
Compasand & castand cacis a thousand, How he sall tak me; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 124.
Dreding les the Troianys wald … kast sum way for hir distructioun; Doug. ii. x. 22.
Cast thy consate be counsale of the sage; Scott i. 33.
Thay sussy not for schame, Nor castis nocht quhat cumis syne; Ib. xxxiv. 78.
Cast weill thy cours; thow hes ane kittill cure; Maitl. F. clxxvii. 22.
absol. This warld all ouir I cast about; Dunb. lxix. 13.
(b) Schir Rolland … in hart kest Quhat that suld betakin; Rauf C. 402.
Knawlage to get thai kest a sutell cace; Wall. xi. 354.
Wallange … kest in his entent, Quhat man thar was [etc.]; Ib. 792.
Deianira for Venus saik kest wayis Hir lufe [to] distroy; Rolland C. Venus iii. 223.
I … Kest in my mynd … That she bad me [etc.]; Id. Seven S. Prol. 57.
b. To forecast, anticipate. Also intr.
Ȝouthede can no perellis cast; Gud Wyf & D. 99.
Thai cast na perell of before; Thewis Wysmen 435.
Ȝouthheid no way that can no perrell cast; Stewart 16899.
He sall nevir schaip to sayle the se, That for all perrils castis; Montg. Ch. & Slae 524.
c. To reckon up, to count; to estimate or assess.
Cast all thir generatyownys … Off Brws and Ballyoll; Wynt. viii. 1441.
Kingis & knichtis in company Vncountit curiously vp I kest; Makc. & Gray MSS. 55.
At the instance of party the schireffis foirsaid gert cast wp the said inquest … of the quhilkis the names followis; 1517 Fife Sheriff Ct. 68.
Na stent to be cassen quhille the portes be beget; 1570 Lanark B. Rec. 50.
The judge ordaines the birlaymen … to cast one the skaith proportionallie; 1684 Corshill Baron Ct. 169.
1688 [see Cast n. 9].
19. To apply (oneself, one's mind, etc.) to something. Also in p.p.
Our antecessowris … We lat ourslide … And castis ws euir till vthir besynes; Wall. i. 4.
Thai … renkis … Kest thame with gude will to do vthir skaith; Rauf C. 822.
Than suld I cast me to keik in kirk and in markat; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 81.
As thay had bene sicker of victory, thay stragulit fra thair fallowis, cassin to spulye; Bell. Boece I. 239.
He kest [v.r. keist] him to recounsell him agane to the favoure of his pepill; Id. Livy I. 63/13.
Sen thir nimphis of honour To pleis Venus kest all thair appetite; Rolland C. Venus iii. 233.
Ȝow to distroy, he castis him euer mair; Id. Seven S. 1552.
Waryit woman that ay castis thy ingyne Thy awin marrow euer to put to pyne; Ib. 2063.
Cast ȝow to conqueis luve ane vthir kynd; Scott iii. 4.
Cast ȝow for to cum ane vthir day; Ib. 27.
The Erle of Douglas cuist him selff for to be stark aganis the king; Pitsc. I. 89/14.
The … cardinall cuist his ingyne to get the governour … bound to his counsall; Ib. II. 51/18.
Scho kaist her to wrake baith France and Scotland with deidlie feid; Dalr. II. 396/14.
That they may cast thame with all thair intent to observe … the samin [lawes]; Bisset I. 83/12.
b. intr. To set oneself (to do something).
Of the quhilk vij dayis … I cast to commoun; Asl. MS. I. 299/22.
For so thai kest thair tyme to occupy; Doug. K. Hart 21.
With feistis fell … This cumlie court thair King thai kast to keip; Ib. 82.
Now onlye to reioys thay cast, and sorrowis all forget; Maitl. Q. lxxx. 15.
20. To put or bring in or into a certain state. Also with pred. adj. as lous, waste.
The venome … castis a man in to the agw; c 1420 Liber Calchou 450.
Than had I cassin in cair mony kene knight; Gol. & Gaw. 1108.
Ȝe may persaue that thay haue bene … All cassin into curage clene [etc.]; Rolland Seven S. 487.
My conscience kest me euer in cair; G. Ball. 47.
Which mycht … haue cassin me in dispair; Bann. Memor. 75.
My state can neuer change … Thus castin in my lukelesse lotte; James VI Lusus R. 37.
That I am cassin clene in cair, And confortles; Montg. Suppl. 205/5.
All the people were cassin sa louse, and were become of sic dissoluit myndis; Hist. Jas. VI 85.
The parrell of these gentilmen, … too rakleslie cassin in that danger; 1614 Highland P. III. 171.
To declair … quhow thay ar fallin or casin in this troubill; Ib.
[They] resoluis be force of armes ather to recover thair awin kyndlie possessionis, or vtheruayes to cast the samen waste; Spalding I. 4.
That the disipline of the kirk was much weakned and almost castin loose; 1646 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 70.
If they had been forced to pay greater duties, the lands would have been casten waste; 1662 Decis. Lords G. 42.
21. To cast (a person, etc.) off, away, down, out of some state, relationship, etc.
Benait [was] agayne put up, and sone agayn castin down; Hay I. 23/15.
Quhen the sone of king Salomon … was castin out of his lordschip; Ib. I. 294/27.
All sik folyis … castis men of Goddis grace; Ib. II. 64/10.
Wariand off my weckit kyn, that me away cast To sic a craudoune; Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 214.
Nebuchodonozer … wes cassin from his impyre as ane best; 1559 Misc. Spald. C. IV. 89.
Casting of lytill and lytill the Erle of Murray; Buch. Wr. 45.
Gyf all … was compted idolatrie, and thairfore aucht to be castin avay; 1580 Hay in Cath. Tr. 65/2.
Holie days have bein castin out of our kirk; 1619 Misc. Bann. C. I. 202.
The Lord … neuer coost him off; Boyd Last B. 89.
James erll of Moray thair maister had cassin them out of thair kyndlie possessions; Spalding I. 3.
22. To cast, direct, or inflict (something) on another. Also with to.
And [= if] the ta part cast gage of bataill on the tothir; Hay I. 286/31.
This maid … kest sic a delectatioun on to hir fader; Myll Spect. 284/24.
Natur did mis sic folk apone me cast; Doug. K. Hart 600.
To the quhilk Hew the said Cristiane cast sic favour that sche wald marye nane vther; Maitland Hist. Ho. Seton 33.
The saidis … , throw thi witchecraft cassin on tham, … drownit tham selffis; 1596 Misc. Spald. C. I. 86.
Any such deed … was casten upon those whose principles led them to disoun the King's authority; 1684 Erskine Journal 94.
24. To reject or oppose as illegal or improper; to annul.
Sum castis summondis, and sum exceptis; Dunb. xiii. 29.
He him bethocht … to get sum aduocat expert, Wald Venus court retreit, cast, or conuert; Rolland C. Venus ii. 5.
Be the pratick and order of Scotland the sowmondis was cassin; Pitsc. I. 225/20.
The brieve may be cassin, as nulle, and of nane availl; Skene Reg. Maj. 11.
Gif he may not cast the breive be any exception; Ib. 89.
He may cast the proces; Ib. 104.
Fentrie's commissione is sustained by the Committee, but many others casten; 1678 Red Bk. Grandtully III. 239.
To object against a witness in our law, is called to cast a witness, or to set him; Mackenzie Laws & C. 529.
25. To show repugnance at something.
Let your soul … cast at all things and disdain them, except one only; 1632 Rutherford Lett. (1862) I. 91.
When they have … casten at his ordinances; a 1665 Guthrie Serm. 25 (J).
26. To rake up as a matter of reproach.
[No one was] to speak ill of the dead or to cast up their demerits; 1604 Hist. Glasgow (1881) 149.
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