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Poke, Poik, Polk, Pok, n. Also: poike, poyk(e; poilk; pouk; pook(e, poolke; pokk-, pock(e; poak. [ME (c 1300) and e.m.E. poke, late ME (Prompt. Parv.) and north. e.m.E. pooke, e.m.E. poake (1615), north. e.m.E. pokke (1599), pocke (1625), ONF poke (13–14th c. in Godef.), poque (14th c. in Tobler-Lomm.), pouque (1326 in Godef.), MDu. poke (1302), Anglo-L. poka. The nature of the relationships with ONorthumb. pocca, appar. var. of OE pohha, and with Ir. póca, Gael. pòca, poca, is unclear; cf. also Icel. poke (13th c.).]

1. A bag or small sack. In commercial use appar. sometimes as a more or less definite measure of a commodity, smaller than a sack; also half-poke. In the phrase pok, pak and barrel, embracing all the various possible methods of packaging, = however packed. Also as the second element of numerous collocations in which the first element specifies the contents of the bag or the material of which it is made, as e.g. draf, geill, madder, malt, oyster, pouder, salt, sand, woll etc. poke and hardin, ledder, ledderin, letherin poke, qq.v. under the first elements. Also collect. and ? plur., without inflexion. (1) [In quinque vlnis canubii, factis in pokis, pro speciebus cariandis; 1328 Exch. R. I 117.]
(a) Ane vly barel, a poke, threttene knappold; 1477 Aberd. B. Rec. I 408.
For … Bertane cammes … to be tua pokis to bere it [powder] furth; 1501 Treas. Acc. II 24.
For ij pokis to put laverokis in; 1505 Ib. III 166.
1558 Ib. X 436;
1564–5 Ib. XI 349.
And ane certane of the aduocattis servandis with thair pokis as salbe namit and permittit be the lordis; Instit. Ct. Sess. 4 a.
How … proffitable the schurling skynnis ar for … making of pokis lyning powchis gluiffis [etc.]; 1593 Acts IV 30/1.
I mad my man steil to me von of the sogers pokis vith pouder; 1601 Cal. Sc. P. XIII App. 1142.
(b) Ane pellane sadill … Stuffit with strea and thareon cassin ane poik [: cloik]; Alex. (Taym.) 12193.
vij elnis of kanves to be ane alb, and ane poik to the challece; 1531–2 Treas. Acc. VI 22.
For gold to be pasmentis to the cover and poyk [of the book]; 1541–2 Ib. VIII 50.
Thre ellis saiking to be poikis to beir the lyme; 1582 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 149.
To aucht wemen for bearing up of … lyme and sand … in poikis; 1617 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 33.
Leather poutches and littill poikis for keeping of letteris; 1641 Edinb. Test. LIX 286.
(c) Ȝe gang With polkis to mylne and beggis baith meill and schilling; Dunb. Flyt. 147 (B).
In the weying of ilk polk and sek ourheid iiij d.; 1520 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 198.
Scading him of ane sek & ane polk at vald tak a boll of corne; 1524 Wigtown B. Ct. 157 b.
For vj quarteris of grene velvot to be ane cover to ane gret mating buke of the kingis grace … and to be ane polk till keip the samin in; 1539 Treas. Acc. VII 161.
For making of the knoppis and stringis to the said polk and making of the polk and covering thairto; Ib.
1543 Ib. VIII 190.
For ane furlat of quheit and ane polk to put it in; 1549–50 Ib. IX 374.
That nane be fund careand veschell priuatlie in polkis wallattis or vtherwyis; 1567 Acts III 43/1.
Quhilks the deponar knew to be pulder, because the same wes in sundry polks within the said … tronk; 1567 Anderson Collect. Mary II 166.
For twa grit polkis to carie pulder; 1571 Treas. Acc. XII 274.
1577 Ib. XIII 184.
1578 Inv. Q. Mary lxxi.
Ane blak marikin skyn to be ane polk to keip his hienes braid into; 1580 Treas. Acc. MS 28.
[Incomers entering illegally] thair creillis, polkis and laid sadillis to be brunt; 1584 Glasgow B. Rec. I 111.
Ane polk with foure newkis; 1591–5 Kirkcaldy B. Rec. 125.
A lytill polk of blak plading quhairin was sum pickellis of quheit [etc.]; 1597 Crim. Trials II 25.
Ressavit out of the polk of the chaiplanreis and mortificatioun of St. Michaell; 1611 Scrymgeour Invent. 13.
The … kirkman gatt seasing … be deliverance of the foirsaid erde and stane that wes knit or festned in ane littill polk; Bisset II 134/19.
(d) As for the pryce of tua seckis and ane pouk; 1632 Monteith Stewartry Ct. 26 July.
(e) For to fill thair baggis and pookis witht money; Pitsc. II 111/22.
Ane pook with caddes pryce thairof iiij li.; 1612 Edinb. Test. XLVII 146 b.
He send to me … out off his maiesties wardroppe ane brodered poolke for carieing the greate seale; 1614 Lett. & St. P. Jas. VI 219.
With the seales … hung about his neck in a pooke; 1638 Baillie I 82.
For … harne to be pookis; 1646 Tulliallan Coal Wks. 11.
(f) That ilkan berar of girnal gudis have ane bande fast at thar pok and that the pok be knett and closit or it cum out the … bot burd; 1498 Aberd. Pynours 25.
vij quarteris canwes to be ane pok to the greit tortis xviij d; 1515 Edinb. Hammermen 86.
Ane rychtuis gavill end quhairby he and his may haif ushe and enteray with laid pok sek slaid and uther tursabyll geir; 1540 Selkirk B. Ct. (ed.) 226.
Ane pok ane sok; 1590 St. A. B. Ct. 8 April.
That the balasting … be ether with sand or chingell in poks; 1614 Conv. Burghs II 445.
To ane skinner for mending the pok that carrys my laidy's night graithe; 1640 Household Bk. M. Stewart 40.
Margret Tailȝeor with ane long rok … and the bony las with the blak pok; 1658 Sc. Ant. IX 51.
Here they make no use of poks and saiks but [etc.]; Wallace Orkney 41.
(g) Bukrame tobe twa pockis to his grace buittis; 1581 Treas. Acc. MS 55 (2) b.
Pockis for carying of his maiesteis breid to the feildis furnissing of knyiffis and forkis; 1600 Ib. 123 b.
Ane expert leich … gaif to hir … ane littill pock to hing about hir crag; 1604 Dundonald Par. Rec. 57.
Skipper's Acc. (Smettone) 8.
And their heads sent in a pocke to Edinburgh; Calderwood V 736.
That they put a pock with witchcraft under his bed and a catt to effectuat the samine; 1662 Highland P. III 8.
Ane long pocke pertaineing to Johne Boyd, cordoner; 1676 Corshill Baron Ct. 132.
You valu'd puddings sod in pocks More than religion orthodox; Colvil Whig's Suppl. (1751) 118.
And had filled his pock full of meal which he had taken out of a sack then standing there; 1698 Laurencekirk 355.
[The Earl of Kilmarnock gave a grant to the town of the whole common good, comprehending] shops under the tolbooth thairof, the weights pocks and measures, the troan and weights thairof; 1700 McKay Kilmarnock 60.
Above the hooks [on the line] there is also a pock fastened, and so … they let down the line thus furnished with pock and hooks, striking the heads of the young fowls in their nests with the pock; Brand Orkney & Shetl. 153.
(2) And of al vthir thingis pok pak and barel proporcionable answerand to the serplare and the twn; 1447 Dundee Chart. 24.
1458 Reg. Great S. 143/1.
Baith polk, pak and barell; 1482 Edinb. Chart. 167.
(3) [Habuerunt unam pocam lane; 1417 Exch. R. IV 276.]
Duo sarpellaria et j pok lane … , j poke lane … , ij pokis lane; 1418 Exch. R. IV 300.
(a) Of a poke of wol; Bute MS. fol. 170 b.
Of a poke woll, ij d.; 14.. Edinb. B. Rec. I 240.
j cark of alum j poke of mader; 1474 Acta Aud. 31/1.
1497 Halyb. 134.
The pryc of thre pokis of waid; 1591 St. A. B. Ct. 29 March.
(b) A poik of lauender; 1488 Treas. Acc. I 85.
Of the poyk of maddyr that wes in pley; 1490–1 Dundee B. Ct. MS I 166 b (14 Jan.).
Poike; 1492 Prot. Bk. J. Young (S.R.S.) IV 122.
Ane quhite poik of greit chas men of bane; 1578 Inv. Q. Mary lxxi.
Ane littill poik of capprous weyand skars thrie stane; 1595 Edinb. Test. XXVIII 233.
Thrie poikis of houpe; 1624 Ib. LII 233.
(c) For the custome of vj polkis of woll; 1525 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 224.
[531] polkis alias ballis of waid; 1546 Reg. Privy C. I 40.
Tua gret polkes of annat sedis; 1550 Treas. Acc. IX 426.
Twa lytill polkis of ginger; 1564 Reg. Privy C. I 308.
In primis, of all polkis, pakkis and barrellis of guiddis, ilk twn, of fremen of Edinburgh, foure penneis; 1603 Comm. Univ. I (Edinb.) App. 19.
Ilk polk of yairn that exceeds not 4 spennels, to pay 4 d.; 1677 R. Brown Paisley I 293.
(d) Ane ball mader, four stuires; ane pook brissell, fyve grit; ane pook houp, four grit; 1625 Conv. Burghs III 198.
(e) Off ane pok wald; 1468 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. I 23.
j serplario pellium Thome Barnys, j pok pellium Johanni Bathcat; 1495 Exch. R. X 536.
8 sekis and a pok and 3 pakis off clath; 1497 Halyb. 83.
And nyne pokkis meill and malt; Diurn. Occurr. 326.
Ane pok vaid pryce xxxvj lib.; 1623 Brechin Test. IV 107.
For ane pak and ane pok of wooll; 1668–9 Aberd. Shore Wk. Acc. 566.
(f) The pockis of wooll and packis of skynis … they tuke them for a butie; Bann. Trans. 171.
Ten pokis waid … , xlvj pokis waid [etc.] … , ane pok waid … , ane pock of waid … ane pock waid; 1588 Dundee Shipping L. 223, 224.
Thieves … thiftiouslie cuttit and brak up ane grit pock or pak of hemp perteining to the said Johnne Stevinstoun; 1632 Justiciary Cases I 200.
Ane pocke of corne to the visiters horse; 1646–7 Dumbarton Common Good Acc. 154.
Any pocks of stoune [= stolen] colles; 1654 Wemyss in Sc. Diaries 126.
To put a pock of witchcraft under Mr. John Stewart minister his bed; 1662 Highland P. III 10.
A pock Brazilleto wood; 1685 Inverness Customs MS 2 b.
(4) collect. For paking off the 3 pok; 1498 Halyb. 149.
Hemp to be sawld in polk; 1546 (c 1580) Edinb. B. Rec. II 126.
Certane polk wald; 1582 Perth B. Ct. 13 Sept.
(5) For ane half pok wad; 1571 Canongate Ct. Bk. 328.
Twa half polkis of waid; 1571 Reg. Privy C. II 97.
Twentie half pokkis wad is ane tun; Balfour Pract. 88.
The said half polk vald arreistit in his handis; 1583 Perth B. Ct. 27 April.
Ane pook of mealle of the paroche … evyre plouche giv[ing] him halff pock about; 1644 Aberd. Journal N. & Q. III 83.
(6) In a poik of canwes beand within the said coffre of angell nobilis sevin hundreth and fyfti angelis; 1488 Treas. Acc. I 80.
Poyke; Ib. 91.
Ane polk of hardin; 1582–3 Perth B. Ct. 15 Feb.
A lytill polk of blak plading; 1597 Crim. Trials II 25.
(7) Berand with hir the powder of thair fader, in ane goldin poke; Bell. Boece I 194.
Ane gret ledran pok to put the medope in; 1595 Argyll Acc. 2 Jan.
The maister of Fenton … cairied the commission in ane reid veluot poke; 1612 Misc. Maitl. C. III 114.
Ane ledder poike full of quhyt medum; 1625 Edinb. Test. LIII 17.
(8) xij powdir pokis of leddir to the gunnaris; 1496 Treas. Acc. I 294.
For ane ged pok to turs ane ged to Edinburgh; 1506–7 Ib. III 376.
Ane bark pok; 1541 Aberd. B. Rec. I 176.
My obligations … ar in ane of my cofers in a blak letter poke cheyngit; 1547 Misc. Bann. C. III 288.
Ane woll poik; Lord Fergus' Gaist 29.
For nyne quarteris hardin to be a multure poke; 1645 Peebles Gleanings 252.
A mortcloath pocke; 1704 Cramond Kirk S. MS V 123.
(9) Boitis man, bayr stanis & lyme pottis ful of lyme in the craklene [? crane-line, ? crank-line] pokis to the top; Compl. 41/28.
Three paire of new shoes … with ane cordoner pock; 1676 Corshill Baron Ct. 135.

b. comb. and attrib. Poke-berar, -man, a ‘bag-carrier’, ‘bag-man’, porter. Poke-pudden, a bag-pudding, dumpling. Poke-mercat, ? the wool-market. (1) To the barrowmen and pokbeiraris to drink, xxiiij s.; 1629 M. Works Acc. (ed.) II 294, etc.
The poke-bearers began to crie, ‘Aha, carle, hoy away!’; Calderwood III 633.
To pock holders and salt breakers at 1 d. 5 the boll; 1679 Torry Coal & Salt Wks. 22 a.
To pock holders, … to leaders and metsters to drink; Ib. 25 a.
Leith, stingmen, polkmen and metters … .Anent the polkmen, off ilk boll of quheitt [etc.] … for setting on the schoir, ane penny; 1583 Edinb. B. Rec. IV 303.
That na warkmen, pyoners, polkmen, or stingmen tak upoun hand to cary … the saidis guidis to the saidis schips; 1596 Ib. V 165.
David King, pokman; 1605 Irons Leith II 62.
[Deacon of the] pockmen; 1659 Dundee B. Laws 156.
To the pokmen for 200 bolls bier carrying to Geo. Black his boat according to 12 d. per boll; 1664 Nicolson Diurnals 27 Feb.
(2) Poke-nuke (see c below).The firlots and pecks of the beir, ait, malt and pock mercats are sett to Robert Smyth for the yeir to come; 1668 Haddington B. Rec. (Robb) 10 Nov.
Here's wheat-meal and sewet, we'll have a poak-puddin, Put a nief full of prunes in; G. Stuart Joco-Ser. Disc. 4.

c. In proverbs and sayings. Also attrib. in poke-nuke. (1) To win a baronie of land ȝe wil find out ma goleinȝeis then a poke wil had; Fowler II 34/23.
It is kindlie that the poke sare [= savour] of the hearine; Ferg. Prov. No. 494.
Sairie be your meil poke, and ay your neive in the nook of it; Ib. No. 775.
Pock; Ib. (1706) 290.
I tint my pok and my meil at the dansing; Carmichael Prov. No. 975.
Lat the sek beir the poke; Ib. No. 1029.
Quhat think ye of that poke and it had a string? Ib. No. 1263.
(2) (Bot menstrallis [etc.]) Got nichel [v.r. Mitchell] in ane old poke nuke; 1584 Sempill Sat. P. xlv 661.
Pikill in your awin poke nuke; Carmichael Prov. No. 1242.

2. A beggar's bag. Used for collecting meal or the like given in charity. She giving the rogue fair words, and promising him his pock full of meal, with beaf and cheese; Sinclair Satan's Inv. World 124.

3. transf. a. A baggy or puffed out part of or addition to a sleeve. That … centynnal ȝemen in lordis housis … sal haf narow slewis & litil pokis and … that the commonis wifis … wer … na pokis on thar slefis na costly curches; 1429 Acts II 18/2.

b. A bag-net or poke-net. Also pock-nett. Perh., as in recent times, applied to different sorts of net in different localities. Also sandeil(l)-polk, see Sand-ele n. attrib. (1) All … that distroyis the smoltis and fry of salmond in myln dammis or be polkis, creillis, trammelnettis, and hery watteris; 1579 Acts III 147/1.
[That they] sall not slay onie salmound fische in forbiddin tyme with cobill net speir wand creill pock or [etc.]; 1597 Ib. IV 138/2.
[That he will not slay any fish in the water of Tyne by] arkis, pockis, creillis [etc.]; 1610 Reg. Privy C. VIII 730.
Nettis, creillis, herrie watter pockis or any uther ingyne for fishing of salmond; 1642 Aberd. Council Lett. II 347.
(2) That pretended right of the Lady Alvas to fish with pock netts; 1693 Stirling B. Rec. II 68.
How prejudiciall the fishing by pock and herrie water netts hes bein to the tounes interest; 1695 Ib. 76.
Salmond fishing or other fishing … in the river of Forth … with pocknets, herry water nets or [etc.]; 1698 Acts X 149/1.

c. ? A loosely hanging extension or appendage to a hat. d. ? Applied to a similarly shaped hood or hat as a whole. See also, for further examples (1641, 1643), Luve n. 3 c. c. Ane exceiding fyne gray felt hait withe ane poik of gray tafetie and ane gray cyperis band weill imbrowderit; c 1614 1st Rep. Hist. MSS. 137.
Ane ruch hatt with a taffettie pock … for another demie hatt wyth hatt band and pock; 1647 Caldwell P. I 99.
For a Dutch hat and pock 10 l.; 1656 Glasg. Univ. Mun. III 498.
For a graye Dutch hat with pock and string; 1656–7 Fam. Rose 368.
Pok; 1660 Bk. Dunvegan I 187.
1661–3 Old Ross-shire I 143.
For dressing the old hatt and for pock and string, 03 00 00; 1664 Household Bks. Archb. Sharp in
Misc. Maitl. C. II 508.
[Earl of Aberdeen, Chancellor] for a pock to my lords hatt, 7 s. 10 d.; 1682 5th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. 610/1.
For dressing my hat and a pock to it; 1690 Foulis Acc. Bk. 126.
d. Ane nicht pok of blew, imbroderit with gold; 1632 14th Rep. Hist. MSS. App. III 235.
Aucht crowned taffettie hudis … tuentie sex littell love poikis … xx lib. xvj s … .fowr ȝellow courned [sic] poikis; 1643 Edinb. Test. LX 234.
Nyne pocks or huids estimat all to xiij lib.; 1646 Ib. LXII 128 b.
Like gilliwetfoots purging states By papers thrown in pocks or hats; Colvil Whig's Suppl. i 83.

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"Poke n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 19 Jun 2018 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/poke_n>



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