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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).

Cors, Corce, Corse, n.2 Also: corsce. [Variant of Cros, Croce, with metathesis of r, as in Norw., Dan., Sw. kors.]

1. The cross on which Christ, or one of the saints, was crucified. (See also Haly cors.) a1400 Leg. S. i. 621.
To Rome I ga, agane to be One the corse ȝet eft-sone done
Ib. iii. 414.
Prechand the turment of the corse
c1420 Wynt. v. 2648.
Scho hat Elane, that syne fand The cors into the Haly Land
1450 Peebles B. Rec. 15.
The ferd mes sal be of the Cors
c1450 Cr. Deyng 224.
Our lord … the quhilk tholyt ded one the cors
1490 Acta Aud. 142/1.
Betuix this and the fest of the Cors callit beltane nixt tocum
c1500-c1512 Dunb. lxxii. 77.
Thai leit him fall doune … Quhill cors and corps and all did crak
1535 Stewart 50159.
Beteichand thame in his cuir to gyde, Quhilk on that cors deit for thair trespas
1560 Rolland Seven S. 2678.
Imp of the Deuill, cairis nouther cors nor creid

b. The form of a (or the) cross; the sign of the cross. a1400 Leg. S. xxv. 602.
This Iulyane … wist that with sorcery He mycht nocht wyrk quhare corce ware by
Ib. xxvii. 1546.
The takine of the cors to mak one thar froynttis
14.. Acts I. 323/2.
He aw till mak a cors in till the erde … quhar the bestis ar fundyn
a1500 Henr. Fab. 305/25 (B).
I … maid a cors, and closit baith myne ene
1535 Stewart 31077.
Sanct Androis corce apperit in the air
Ib. 31084.
The watchis … Grit wonder had vpone that cors to luke
1614 Crim. Trials III. 295.
The depouner ressauit lykewayes ane letter, without subscriptioun or directioun, saulf onlie ane corse, that it might be knowne frome the other letter

c. A model of the cross made of wood or metal. c 1450 Misc. Maitl. C. III. 201.
A corse of tre and ane salter in the Provest
c1460 Thewis Wysmen 129.
Thai … Nocht our oft creip the cors one kneis
1535 Stewart 53348.
Chaleis, crowat and censuris also, Corsis, chandillaris, and mony relictis mo

d. A wooden cross sent round as a signal for assembling. (Cf. Firy a.) 1615 Misc. Maitl. C. II. 180.
It is statut … that ilk hous … sall carefullie direct the corse … to his nixt nichtbour with ane … bearer for admonishing the people … to convein to kirk

2. A stone cross or pillar erected in the centre or market-place of a town, or as a boundary mark. (Cf. Mercat cors.)(1) 1436 Ayr Burgh Ct. Bk. 26 Dec.
Tha na wif sal by malt til it cum to the cors
1456 Peebles B. Rec. 117.
His land liand on the south rau anenttis the cors
1464 Ib. 151.
The land of Georg Dawysounis anorththalf the cors
1488 Paisley B. Rec. 27.
At the cors of Paslays side of the dike … be adnullit and put away
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 241/16.
Schir James of Douglas … schewe all thair seles at the cors on ane letter with thair handis subscriuit
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Flyt. 211.
Thow bringis the Carrik clay to Edinburgh corse, Upoun thy botingis
1536 Dunferm. B. Rec. 17.
Gif thai by othir hyd or skyn and offer it nocht to the Cors, it sal be mayd chayt
1561–2 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 374.
For ane lok to the schenȝe at the cors to chenȝe ane theiff thairwith
a1578 Pitsc. II. 42/18.
He caussit ane herald to pase to the corse and maid oppin procliematiounis that [etc.]
1586–7 Dundee B. Acc. MS.
For pynor-fe of the stone to be the heid of the cors
1605–19 Paisley B. Rec. 134.
The tenement besouth the Cors perteining to Robert Montgomerie of Skelmorlie
(2) 1446 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I. 247.
Sua vp endlang that burn and about Tulyschetir … and syne on … to the cors of Brechmont
1456 Liber Aberbr. 89.
Throuout the myre linialy fra the est cors to the west cors
1510 Reg. Great S. 755/2.
Inter viam tendentem per le Pikit-cors et aquam de Nyth
1555 Melrose R. Rec. III. 224.
Fra the yet to the Hakkerstane corce
1595 Bamff Chart. 143.
Fra the said cairne passand south west to ane uther cairne of stanes callit the Reid Corse
1610 Rep. Milne Home MSS. 81.
Wp the cleugh a straight lyn to Lowkie Scheill cors

3. A small ornamental cross for wearing on the person. 1471 Acta Aud. 14/1.
A chene of gold and a cors price xxx li
1488 Treas. Acc. I. 81.
In a round buste within the said box, a cors of gold
1497 Ib. 379.
To by ane rabene to the Kingis cors
1506 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 434.
Ane cors of gold, weyand half ane unce
1540 Maxwell Mem. I. 411.
Ane cors of gold, and ane goldin ring

4. A cross made of two bands of cloth. 1507 Treas. Acc. III. 293.
Ane cheseb and tunicales maid of the kingis goun of tanne wellus, and the corses of … dames rede engraned
1531 Ib. V. 433.
For ane quarter quhite taffatis to be corsis to the said baner
1531–2 Ib. VI. 22.
iij quartaris crammasy satyn to be ane corse to the said chesaple

5. A coin having a cross on one side. Cors and pile, pitch and toss. c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxix. 22.
My purs is maid of sic ane skyn, Thair will na cors byd it within
Ib. lxxix. 4.
For left is nether corce nor cunȝie Off all that I tuik in the ȝeir
1506 Treas. Acc. III. 376.
In Wigtoun to the King, quhilk he tynt with Dauid Craufurd at cors and pile

6. A set of four leaves forming a cross. 1597 Misc. Spald. C. I. 91.
Thair scho suld find … thrie cors of clewir girs, and cast the sam in the fyir

7. A part of a sail. 1614 Soc. Ant. X. 224.
For xxv dussoun of canues to be cors and bonet of ane main saill, and cors and bonnet of a foir saill

8. Attrib. and comb. (freq. in adjectival sense = crossing, lying across), with banding, bar, bot (bolt), chamber, feld, ford, gutter, ile (aisle), linkit, peice, stane. 1645 Tulliallan Coal Wks. 110 b.
For 6 skoups eyrining and corsbanding
1587 Acts III. 522/1.
A prik of irne … passing throw … the said ovir cors bar
1629 M. Works Acc. XXIV. 20 b.
Ane stapill to the corsbar of the new ȝet
1560–1 Edinb. Old Acc. II. 142.
Ane meikill cors bot and xij nallis
1686 Brechin Test. VII. 162 b.
Ane table in the cors chamber
1553 Prot. Bk. R. Lumsdane 15.
The cassay betuix the faldis of Pit and the corsfeld of Auchercowl
1483 Acta Aud. 118*/2.
Anent the richt of the fery bait of the cors ford of Clide
1577 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 63.
It is ordanit that the … crames thairfoir be put betuix the cors gutter and the gibbet
a1586 Maitland Ho. Seytoun 39.
This Ladie … biggit the north cors yle of the collage kirk of Seytoun
1587 Edinb. Test. XVII. 242 b.
Ane … cheinȝie corslinkit with fyve knappis
1471 Acta Aud. 14/1.
A chene of gold & a cors peice
1458 Liber Aberbr. 104.
Haldand eist to the corsstane abwne Cargfuryngis … and eist the north part of Tarrak tyl ane othyr corsstane

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"Cors n.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 8 Aug 2022 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/cors_n_2>

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