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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Kane, Kain, n.1 Also: kaine, kayn(e, kaynne; kein(e; kean(e; ken, ken(n)e. [Var. of Cane n.1 (Gael. cáin).]

1. a. A portion of the produce of a tenancy payable as rent; a rent in kind. b. Payments of this sort, collectively.(a) 1533 Boece vii. vi. 231 b.
Callit Buchquhane be resoun of the kane ȝerelie payit to the Kingis chawmerlanis
1629 Dundonald Par. Rec. 279.
The foresayd kow was drunken in of her milke quhairthrow they wer not able to pay kane for her
(b) 1530 Carnwath Baron Ct. MS. 62.
xvij scheip vitht the profettis thairof, voll, kain & melknes
1587 Antiq. Aberd. & B. II. 437.
Fruitis, fermes, annuelrentis, martis, kaynis, customes [etc.]
1617 Acts IV. 548/2.
Manye of his ma[jesties] subiectis whiche of old wer inriched with sufficient store of goodis … and thairby made his hienes and vtheris haveing richt thankfull payment of their maillis, kaynnes and dewties
1659 Hay Diary 161.
That he wold dispone Deuchar … to me, … , and in the meantime to devyd the kaine betwixt him and me
1669 Kirkudbr. Sheriff Ct. Deeds I. 256.
To milk her ky and ewis for the kaine eftermentionat, viz. for ilk old new calff kow two staine cheis, … for ilk ferrow kow … ane staine cheis
1673 Melrose Reg. Rec. II. 355.
[To pay £3/7/6d.] for kayne and cariadg
1706 Foulis Acc. Bk. 440.
3 yeirs rent and kains for the said milne [infra, the 3 yeirs rent, hens and poultrie]
(c) 1554 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 27.
Centum quadraginta oues matrices in lie keine soluendo
1594 Black Bk. Taymouth 272.
He is chairgit with the kein of ten new calfit kye
(d) 1578 Wemyss Chart. 302.
[The said lands to be worth 8 chalders of victual besides] keanes [and other duties]
1594 Misc. Spald. C. I. 9.
Ony maillis, fermes, custumes, keanis
1636 Urie Baron Ct. 81.
The haill tennentis … to pay ther haill keanis, customes and vther dewteis
1648 Elgin Rec. I. 184.
George Steinsone [to pay] … for the keane of tuo kair 13s. 4d. and James Glas 6s. 8d. for the keane of ane calf
1650 Boyd Fam. P. 1 Apr.
On stane butter out of ilke new calvit kow and halfe an stane cheis out of ilk ferrow kow yeirly at the ordinar terme of payment of keane
a1699 Skene Agric. MS.
Some tymes ky payis a full kean to their master, somtymes half a kean, as they be nucle or forrow, the first kean they pay at midsommer, the second at lambes; ky payis butter, yowis payis cheiss
Yowis pays always the full kean: everie five paips payis in the yeir a stane of cheis and everie yow hes two paips
(e) 1641 Acts V. (1817) 449/1.
Fewmaillis, fewfermes, kennes, customes
Kens, … kenes

2. Attrib.: Paid as ‘kane’.With aittis, beir, buttir, cheis, claith, colis, fisch, hay, hen, hering, lamb, lyme, mert, peittis, pultrie, salt, spelding, stirk, vedder, wild guse, and in Kane foul. 1537 Reg. Privy S. II. 349/2.
The tua Manis of Douglas … with kane aittis, kane fowlis, kane colis and commoun cariage of the haile barony of Douglas
1542 Ib. 742/2.
The gift of twa chalderis of aittis … , to be taken up ȝerle of his hienes kane aittis of his landis of Ovir Dynmure
1632 Reg. Great S. 558/1.
Pro Halwitstoun … 24 lie pultrie, 24 bol. lie keane-aittis; … pro Littill Witstoun … pro gressumis, lie kaine-foullis, kaine-aittis, arriagiis et aliis servitiis 32 sol.
1553 Prot. Bk. A. Gaw (S.R.S.) 32.
[To pay 10 firlots bear with] cherite [called] kane beir
1601 (1610) Reg. Great S. 156/1.
Lie few-maillis terrarum de Balmano et lie kaine beir earundem
1617 Montgomery Mem. 262.
The compter charges him with all the kane buttir payit in the said barony
1521 Stirling B. Rec. I. ii.
Allexander Murray … has … oblist him … to pay tharfor kane cheis extending to fyfti stane
1553 Prot. Bk. A. Gaw (S.R.S.) 32.
[With 20 s. for] kane cheis
1617 Montgomery Mem. 263.
All the kane cheis
1596 Brechin Test. I. 145.
Of keine claith aucht ellis
1537 Reg. Privy S. II. 349/2.
The tua Manis of Douglas … with … kane colis
1580 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. 107.
To pay to Johnne McClellane at the Nethermyln fyve salmond fishe yeirlie … for the kene fische of the stane vndir the moit set to the said Alexander
1669 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. III. 59.
[The said Earl has right … to the bailiary of the Water of Forth and] of uplifteing fourtein salmond as kayne fish out of the trout holl over against the Abbay of Cambuskenneth
1683 Martine Reliq. Divi Andreae 203.
To the principall archdeacone … 20 sh. for the kane hay of Wilkiestoun as the old ferme
1606 Dunblane Test. III. 97.
Awand be him tualff keane henis pryce of the peice v s.
1658 Stitchill Baron Ct. 12.
The payment of 3 lib. with 4 kayne hens for the maill of a coatt hous for a yeire
1554 Montgomery Mem. II. 150.
The samyn [lands, etc.] … to be ȝeirlie worth … five hundreth merkis, by kane fowlis and kane hering
1593 St. A. Test. II. 359 b.
Ane kane lamb … xiij s.
1632 Reg. Great S. 663/2.
6 celdras 14 bol. lie keaine lyme invehend. ad locum de Dunfermline
1636 Ib. 221/1. 1561 Reg. Dunferm. 444.
Kayne mert silvir extendis be ȝeir to … [£427]
1588 Reg. Great S. 516/1.
Terras dominicales de Grenelaw, cum lie kane peittis et lie bonda-warkis integre baronie de Corsmichaell
1698 Maxwell Mem. II. 347.
Having … caused cast my kain peats in the moss properly belonging … to me
1630 Reg. Great S. 558/1
Reddend. pro Nether Witsoun … pro 1 bolla avenarum, gressumis, 8 lie ken-pultrie, arriagiis et carriagiis 43 sol.
1563 Reg. Neubotle 338.
The kane salt of the salt of the salt pans
1621 Reg. Great S. 49/2.
Cum manerie et villa de Prestoungrange, carbonibus, lapicidiis, salsis patellis, decimis et lie kayne-salt earundem
1630 Reg. Great S. 558/1.
Pro Fischerhill 40 sol. pro lie kaine speldingis
1617 Montgomery Mem. 263.
The compter charges him with … all the kane stirkis
1668 Dunkeld Presb. I. 199.
Tua keane wedderis, [price of both, £4]
1701 Foulis Acc. Bk. 295.
To Jonie Telfer choised the 16 wedders and for bringing 6 of them to Raevelst. with Ja. Hedleis kain wedder. This kain wedder and another broke away from Jonie Telfer and went back to Bonaley
1542 Reg. Cupar A. II. 203.
[Certain land,] with preuilege of fowling and fysching … , sum tym pait vj s. viij d., iiij pultre, twa kayn weild geis

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"Kane n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 13 Apr 2024 <>



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