A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
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First published 1986 (DOST Vol. VI).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.
Quaker, Qwaker, Quhaker, Quacker, Quaiker, Qwaiker. [e.m.E. Quaker (1647), applied to the followers of George Fox from before 1653.] A Quaker, a member of the religious society (the Society of Friends) founded by George Fox in 1648–50. (There are numerous examples in Sc. records from 1656. See also W. H. Marwick A Short Hist. of Friends in Scotl. (Edinb., 1948) and Sc. Ch. Hist. Soc. Rec. III 31f.) — 1656 Johnston Diary III 35.
To maik an accomodation that week with the Quakers 1656 Aberd. Council Lett. III 275.
The quackers off laitt haid a meiting at Bristol 1659 S. Ronaldshay 27.
This day two quakers, Inglisch men, troubled the congregatione 1659 Sc. Ant. XIII 37. 1661 Acts VII 16/2.
There be diverse persones vnder the name of Quaikers Anabaptists & fyft monarchie men avowed enemies to all lawfull authority & Government 1663 Rec. of Old Tolbooth in Bk. Old Edinb. C. V 105.
Two trifficking quackers 1663 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. I 668.
Qwaikers 1663 Alford Rec. 29, etc.
Quakeris 1664 Ib. 53.
The former acts are renewed, maid against papists, quakers, sectaries, recusants, and dishaunters of ordinances 1665 Edinb. Surgeons 329.
Anent the quhaker Mr. Paull 1670 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 261, 277; 1672 Ib. 281; etc. 1676 Robertson Cullen Ch. Ann. 43.
There were no papists, quakers, or conventicle keepers [in the town] 1681 Stair Inst. iv xliii §7.
Albeit Quakers or other fanatics … do, from persuasion, refuse to give a formal oath 1682 Melrose Reg. Rec. III 53.
Qwaker 1683 Alford Rec. 340. 1684 Sinclair Truth's Vict. over Error Sig. A 4.
Quakers, so called because sometimes they use to quake and tremble, when they prophesy or when they are in a rapture a1692 Kirk in Il Cappellano delle Fate 49.
Quakers are religous enthusiasts or atheists
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