A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
About this entry:
First published 1990 (DOST Vol. VII).
Relaps(e, n.2 and adj. Also: -lapis. Noun pl. also: relaps. [L. relaps-, p.p. stem of relābī Relaps(e v. Cf. e.m.E. relapse (1592), F. relaps (fem. -lapse).]
A. noun. 1. One who has (? again) fallen away from the ‘true’ faith; a backslider.Also, pl. without infl.In Concilia Sc. I clxvi, for both quots. for 1546, relapsis is transcribed as relaps, which if correct should perh. properly be regarded as an adj. (= that have backslid or relapsed). 1546 Reg. Privy C. I 61.
The names of the heretiks that ar relapsis or haldis opynionnis aganis the sacrament of the alter or that techis heresys Ib. I 63.
Uthairis of thame abjurit and relapsis baneist of auld, now cummis pertly … to the court … and sum tyme … instructis uthairis in the saidis dampnable hereseis 1600 Hamilton Facile Tr. 108.
S. Cyprian teachis … of the relaps & apostats from the Catholik faith
2. One who has relapsed into wrong-doing or sin; ? a habitual sinner. 1657 Cullen Kirk S. 12 April.
Confessed he had caried fish on the sabbath, the sessione finding him a relapse, ordains him to satisfie as ane fornicator
B. adj. 1. Of a person: That has relapsed into (in) sin or wrong-doing, esp. a sin of which one has previously been guilty. a. predic.There is in some instances possible ambiguity with A 2 above. 1564 Bk. Univ. Kirk I 56.
Sick as are relapse the thrid tyme in any kind of crymes 1574 Ib. 327.
Sick as were papists … if they dissobey, to be haldin as relapse, and to proceid aganis them as relapse with the sentence of excommunication 1582–3 St. A. Kirk S. 495.
Margret Suyne, quha grantis … that sche is now relapis 1593 Perth Kirk S. in J.P. Lawson The Book of Perth 209.
Janet Fendour, relapse in fornication with Peter Stoup 1587-99 Hume 128/152.
That thou art daily relaps in publick sins 1602 Elgin Rec. II 106.
Gif scho beis found relaps to pay x s. to the officiaris 1667 Cramond Kirk S. II 5 April.
Shee being relapse into the said sin 1670 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. III 120.
The ministers … to present the names of the persons disobedient, obstinat or relapse to the king 1714 Caithness Presb. Rec. in Old-lore Misc. III 48.
Bearing that she is relapse in fornication
b. attrib., in pre- and post-positional use.Also, once, applied to the crime or sin. 1603 Dundonald Par. Rec. 29.
Conform to the ordour of this parochin for relaps fornicatouris 1605 Ib. 92.
Bessie Hunter, … fornicatrix relaps — 1625 Fraserburgh Kirk S. II 20 July.
[He] was ordenit to satisfie for his relaps adulterie
You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.
"Relaps n.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 14 Aug 2022 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/relapse_n_2>