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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1990 (DOST Vol. VII).
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Roth, Roith, n. Also: rothe, rotht; roitht, royth(t, royith; routh; roicht; (royt). [ON ráð advice.For some discussion of a possible sense development from ON ráð, see Clouston Hist. Orkney 389–90.] The unchallengeable title to ownership of land enjoyed, under the udal system, by all the legitimate descendants of an earlier udal proprietor, and transmissible by them to their heirs. This title included: b. The right of an heir to redeem udal land that had been alienated. c. Attrib. in rotht land = udal land.(a) 1481 Rec. Earld. Orkney 193.
We … quytclamis the said Johnn his aris, … the said tua merkis of land, witht rothe rycht fredomis asyamentis and profytis quhatsumewer
1525 Soc. Ant. XVI 193.
Ane half mark land in How vij mark with rotht and owthell and ix mark land in Esthous
1579 Rec. Earld. Orkney 146.
With all the pertinentis pertening thairto and rycht and rotht of the samin
1600 Reg. Great S. 338/2.
Cum tenentibus, etc., integras lie uthale-landis, roth [pr. roch], anyng, samyne, cum anchoragiis
(b) 1520 Rec. Earld. Orkney 205.
[Land is sold to a] bruther sonn … togidder with all richt and roitht of the samyn [mark of land]
1522–3 Ib. 206.
[Land is sold together with all righteous pertinents that may pertain to] our richtis and roitht of our said moderis sister part of heretage
c1524 Inventory in Ib. 422.
All his landis and guidis in all partis of Orknay, with rycht and royth
1527–8 Ib. 209.
1536 Soc. Ant. XVI 194.
The said v merk landis … with all royt eyne owthill and semyng and rytows pertinentis … to be … browkyt be the said Adam
1542 Orkney & Shetl. Rec. I 76.
Al and haill twe sisteris pairtis, vyth rycht and roitht [pr. roicht], of tre penne land callit Hawall
1551 Ib. 258, etc.
With all rycht and roytht and rychteous pertinens pertenand … thairto
1564–5 Rec. Earld. Orkney 278.
With the rycht, royth, uthall, and samyng of … the fornamit landis
1580 Ib. 297.
[Magnus Sinclair of Stank, sold] the housses and bigingis with toftis, croftis, and barne yaird … with the rycht and roith broukit be me efter father, guidschir and grandschir, that is to say the heid house callit Stank
1581 Goudie Shetl. Antiq. 149. 1587 Reg. Great S. 467/2.
Rex … dimisit … comitatum Orchadensem … cum … uthall, royith, aying, samyn, … et aliis juribus
1588 Redland Charters in Marwick The Orkney Norn (1929) s.v. Roith.
Jus seu lie royth de Redland
1612 Acts IV 481/2.
Roith [pr. roich]
1623 Orkney Antiq. Soc. III 68.
The ground … whereon the mill … stands, … together with all roith and title that … [he] and his forbears had thereto
1683 Sc. Hist. Rev. XVII 45.
[A disposition of certain lands in Knarston … included the Head House] with the roith and uppa [of the same]
(c) 1545–6 Rec. Earld. Orkney 229, etc.
With all rycht and routh [etc.]
b. 1495 Rec. Earld. Orkney 201.
All and hale oure grund rychttis, clames and rothe of the forsaidis sex merkis worth of land
1544 (1545) Reg. Great S. 727/1.
Concesserunt dicto Hugoni et heredibus suum lie roith seu privilegium redimendi terras infra dominium Orchadie sibi jure hereditario spectantes
1597 Rec. Earld. Orkney 321.
[Also gives him her land in Stromness with the] rycht of rothe, reversioun, uthall, aying, and samming [in the lands]
1597–8 Ib. xcvii.
In case it sall happin ony of my airis assignayis or uthers my kynnismen or freinds acclameand ony rycht to my saids lands … be ony rothe or wther way quhatsummewer
c. 1531 Rec. Earld. Orkney 214.
To deliver als meikil of our best rotht land to the oupteinar of the aforsaidis twa merkis land as said is
1531 Ib. 215.

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"Roth n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 28 Nov 2023 <>



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