A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)
Sur(e)té, n. Also: sur(e)ty, -tye, -tie, suirté, suyrtie, swirtie, swyrtye, suerté, -ty, swertie, seurte(e, -tie, -ty(e, seuretee, seuerté, seortie, sourté, -tie, soureté, -tie, suritie, suiritty, souritie. [ME and e.m.E. surté, suretee, seur(e)té, (all Chaucer), suertee (1387-8), sewrté (14th c.), sewertie (c1450), OF seürté (c1130), seureté (15th c.). Cf. Securit(i)ee n. and Soverté n.]
(1) Hay I 242/24 (see (d) below).
And at that moder seike succour & surete; Contempl. Sinn. 1015 (Asl.).
The prince … suld consider of quhilk counsale is abill to folow maist surté, honour, & proffit, and with les perell or danger; Irland Mir. III 163/21.
And tho almaist in surte cummyn I am [L. iam tuta tenebam]; Doug. vi v 128.
Suretye; Doug. x iii 76 (Ruddim.).
For surte the armye off Ingland is cumand be sey; 1546 Corr. M. Lorraine 170.
And sa ȝe maye lyif in pace and surete ane lang tyme; Compl. 100/29.
[Bothwell] could not find himself in surtie without he were assurit of oure favour; 1567 Anderson Collect. Mary I 96.
(b) Bot quho so will cowardly hyd his face … Quhen he trestis him for such fowll affectioun Most in surty suppressit sone salhe be; Colk. Sow ii 203.
(c) Lowthiane quhair sum tyme hes bene … Grittest suirte for king and quene Befoir this troublous tyme; Maitl. F. 324/7.
Seing he culd not leive in suirtie at home; Spalding I 231.
(d) Lat us behald wele than, quhen a place, castell, or wallit toune is tane be leddering, quhat suretee the persouns ar in, first and formast; syne, quhat seurtee the gudis are in; Hay I 242/25.
(e) Vpoun the keiping of the kingis grace in suritie; Diurn. Occurr. 159.
(2) Concernyng the weylfar and surte of his derrest nevo; 1521 Doug. in Facs. Nat. MSS III xv.
(b) His death … was lamentid of verrie few, except of his awin freindis and the preistis, who had fixt the hoip of the suretie of thair hail [ed. haif] estait in him; 1540 Crim. Trials I i 229.
To his honour and suretie of his lyfe; Buch. Detect. (1727) 107.
(c) In danting of lymmeris, swirtie of passingeris [etc.]; 1565 (1583) Reg. Great S. 171/2.
For the promoting of Gods glorie and thair awin suirtie; 1568 Anderson Collect. Mary IV i 115.
They suld leave na sort of tryell ontane as they respectit thair awin suirtie; 1600 Crim. Trials II 193.
[They have] so freelie … behavit thameselffis, to the credite … of the natioun and suirtie of the personis, schippis and goodis of all the trafficquaris of this kingdome; 1610 Reg. Privy C. IX 1.
Albeit they [sc. the writs and charters] were found, being in private mens handis, it is lyklie that the samen concerns the subjects havears thairof for the suirtie of thair awne lands; 1632 Red Bk. Menteith I 364.
(d) To mak castell, or fortres for sekernes, or seurtee of men or contree; Hay I 115/21.
Gyf her hyghness feryd her seurty I showld fynd a remed tharfore suffycyent; 1569 Cal. Sc. P. II 643.
Ane parliament … quhair syndre actis wais maid … speciallie concerning the seurty of the Kingis majesties persoun; Leslie 21.
Seurtie; 1584 Gowrie P. 75.
Affecting the seurtye and well of that state no les than his owne; 1588 Lethington in Laing MSS 76.
The king of Spaine … is enforced at exorbitant chairges to keepe a stronge navye for the seurtye of intercours to and frome the same [sc. Indes]; 1590 Warrender P. (SHS) II 137.
(e) The seortie and priviledge of your Majestie's crowne; Melvill 521.
b. Assurance or certainty of safety.
What souerte schal I have for to gone At libertee out of this danger free? Lanc. 2386.
Hostages, in equall number … can import no suirtie … in consideratioune that the one will ever contravaile the vther; 1571 Bann. Memor. 157.
And that his [sc. James VI's] so kyndlie carying him selfe … be more respected, which will breade more suirtye and quyet to both the states; 1589 Warrender P. (SHS) II 106.
2. Secure imprisonment; safe custody.
(1) The officiares of the burgh … sall take him gif he may be ouertane and put in suretie; 1426 Acts (1597) i 14b.
And keip him in gude suirtie that he on na wys eschaip; 1576 Dundas Fam. P. Royal letter No. 11 (1 Nov.).
(2) For putting of the haill guids … and merchandice vnder swirtie vnto the tyme the merchants of the natioun for quhom he wes factour be first satisfeyet of all the debts and sewmes of money thain restand awand to thame be the defunct; 1612 Conv. Burghs II 365.
Oure marchand Scottis schippis … takin … to Bervick, … thair goodis liverit, inuentar takin of thame, and all put wp in suirtie; Spalding I 332.
3. a. Certainty, reassurance, in respect of (with) a person, his motives, future actions, or the like. b. Assurance (that another will or will not do something).
Swa that thai may be in sourete of the Kingis grace that he sal tak na peax, nor abstinence of were with the Duke of Albany; 1521 Douglas Corr. 81.
Thow ansuered, … that thow wald send me … a band of all the noblemen … pairtie in Leyth, for suirtie, that na vther suld medle in the mater bot our selfis; 1571 Bann. Memor. 151.
That the saids magestrats beand requyret be my lord Conseruatour or his deputs sall concur with thame for putting of the natioun in suirty with the saidis factouris; 1612 Conv. Burghs II 366.
4. For (of) surety, for sure, for certain.
I cann nocht sa it for surte [etc.]; 1524 Douglas Corr. 89.
I traist to God of suretie Be Christis blude sauit to be; G. Ball. 67.
Fyre without heit can not be, Faith will haif warkis of suretie; G. Ball. 68.
This we knaw for suirtie; Pitsc. II 63/20.
5. Sureness of resolve; resolution, determination.
For throw seuretee of a gude hardy knycht mony gude dedis ar done, throu gude hardy men of armes; Hay II 48/19.
6. Binding assurance that some action will be taken, etc. = Soverté n. 3. Also, under (upon) surety ((the) sureties). Also fig.
(1) Seurtee ryall suld be but barat and male engyne, fiable and traist as stele; Hay I 242/28.
Gif forthir provisioun and surty can be divisit; 1516 Acts XII 37/2.
Suritie; Diurn. Occurr. 305 (see Soverty n. 3 b (1) (b)).
For suirtie … to causs the provest … give … their band … to the effect above wreiten; 1627 Aberd. Council Lett. I 269.
If they become cautioners at divers times, … so are they all liable in solidum; but when they oblige together, … the nature of the deed importeth no more than surety; Stair Inst. i xvii § 12.
(2) For the better maintenance of the religion which I do tak to be the fondamentall suirtye wherupon boyth their crounes ar setteled; 1585 Warrender P. (SHS) I 196.
His chairge alwayis conteining a warrand and seurtie unto him; 1596 Anal. Scot. I 298.
To relieve the said James Broun his cau[tiouna]r forsaid anent his said souretie; 1638 Dunferm. B. Rec. II 208.
A band with a suretie that he sall disburdine the woman of the chyld; 1653 Dumfries Kirk S. 5 Feb.
Ane sufficient bond and seurtie; 1673 Culross II 174.
Compeared Isobel Imlach and confessed she brought forth a chiel to Alexander Williamson and was ordeaned to provid a surty for hir penalty; 1682 Cullen Kirk S. 23 April.
(3) Thair be a gryit manye of prissoneris … who … in regard of the crymes they haue comitted can no wayis be put vnder suretye; 1617 Acts IV 537/2.
Thay war releiffit, wnder suiritty to pey the byrun dewitteis; 16… Chron. Kings 177.
(4) To lend him money upon suirtie; Kirkcudbr. Min. Bk. 137.
The Counsell being mett at Edinburgh released Secretarie Maitland upon surtie to enter upon citation; Herries Mem. 121.
Thay had no moneyis left thame to len out vpone suirtie; Spalding I 318.
(5) fig. I fynd men to be men, and the most part of the warld to propone sensyble swyrtye to conscience and honour boyth; 1568 Cal. Sc. P. II 524.
b. In various collocations and formulae.
(1) To find sourtie to underlie your lawis for the said crewell slauchter; 1529 Rec. Earld. Orkney 58.
Suerte being first funding to the justice clerk, and actitate in the bukis of adiurnale, that he sal nocht breik his ward; 1538 Crim. Trials I i 207.
Andro Armstrang [etc.] … to fynd suyrtie to undirlie the law, for forethought fellonie, hamesukkin [etc.]; Knox II 394.
And that he find the said sourtie in maner foirsaid … under the pane of rebellioun; 1587 Aberd. Council Lett. I 10.
Sourtie; 1588 Aberd. Council Lett. I 27.
That all landislordis and baillies be chargit to find suirtie to releve the king and wardane in the bordoris; 1594 Acts IV 72/1.
Suirte; 1609 Crim. Trials III 17.
Seurtie; 1644 Laing MSS 216.
(2) Gif twa lordis in were had gevin trewis and seurtee for certayn tyme, ilkane till othir; Hay I 247/34.
Giving new suirtie for payment therof James Robsone is to gett wp the fyftie pund band; 1671 Kirkcudbr. B. Rec. 11 Oct.
(3) And quhar ye desyre to have swirtie for the same of the town of Dundie; 1571 Laing MSS 23.
The creditouris hes ane sufficient suirtie, … and so can not be disapointit of thair just debt and interes; 1625 Bk. Carlaverock II 75.
(4) In caice ȝe be nocht content of the suirtie that he may mack ȝow, I wilbe cautioun and dettour for him; 1586 Reg. Morton I 147.
[I] sall mak gud suirte to truble no man; 1615 Highland P. III 221.
(5) The maister may retene of the hyre till the schip … gif they put nocht guid surtie to furneis there weyaig to ane end; Bisset II 256/18.
(6) To heir and se sourte ressauit of the said Thomas; 1540 Edinb. Chart. 212.
(7) That euerie custumer and clerk of cokquet in time cuming sall tak sic suirtie or plageis as he will anser for; 1581 Acts III 216/1.
Hauing obtayned my pasport from the Bassaw there, and surety taken for my life and moneyes; Lithgow Trav. viii 358.
The vsrer will take suretye, bonds, and bills, Or els morgadgement, at disposers wills; 1633 Lithgow Poet. Remains 109.
7. A person standing pledge for another, as surety. Also, to be, becum (or to cum) surety, and to find (another) surety (to do something).
(1) The towne hes dissayrit that tha ma hawe ther provest fredde … apon surtes or plegis; 1550 Corr. M. Lorraine 339.
To find sufficient and responsall sureties actit [etc.]; 1587 Aberd. Council Lett. I 10.
Praes, a suretie in a money matter; Carmichael Etym. 18.
The broken man and the surety are in law but one person, one party adebted; Rutherford Tryal Faith (1743) 230.
(b) The suirtie maid be the landis lordis … sall not … stop the suirtis to be maid be the chiftanis [etc.]; 1593 Armstrong Hist. Liddesdale I 64 n.3.
(c) To cause the skipper found suertyes … that he should not land ather in England, Irland, or Scotland; 1584 Gowrie P. 40.
(d) For the executioun of lettres maid … upoun the slaaris of reid fische … and having agane of uthiris lettres to charge thame to fynd sourteis; 1539 Treas. Acc. VII 161.
For thair expensis passing to Dunbertane to resave sourteis and mak compositioun witht the men that wer put in the castell; 1539–40 Treas. Acc. VII 282.
To ane boy send to Lanark with certane names to Mungo Stratherne commanding him to take sourteis of thame; 1548 Treas. Acc. IX 246.
For the away putting of ane theif quhome he had apprehendit and his wage becaus he remanit upoun the sourteis; 1552 Treas. Acc. X 85.
1551–2 Treas. Acc. X 55 (see Soverty n. 3 (4)).
To Robert Grahame and his sourteis, James Adamsoun and Robert Flemyng; 1552–3 Edinb. Old Acc. I 69.
The said Thomas as sourtie for him to have incurrit the pane of vc li.; 1561 Treas. Acc. XI 56.
(2) [The sureties to compear] to heir and se thame be adiugit … in the sovme of ic marks as thai that com sourte and lawe borrowis for Dauid Lyoun that [etc.]; 1509 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. I 72.
Dischargeit to the laird of Knok, for the quhilk he wes sourte for his tenentis in the last air of Drumfreis … xviij li. xiij s. iiij d.; 1542 Treas. Acc. VIII 108.
Deym Margret … causit … Thomas Carrig to becum cawsionar and seuerte … to … pay to the said hyr predecessour the swme off threttye pundis; 1554 Carte Northberwic 69.
Souritie; 1592 Bk. Islay 97.
Huntlei procures monie manis libertie, for his charitie, pitie and gentilnes, for quhom he becam suertie; Dalr. II 302/7.
John Eistoune is become cautioner sourtie and full debtour; 1638 Moses Bundle No. 25, 1033 in Bk. Old Edinb. C. XXXI 176.
The quhilk day James Lowry became cautioner, surety and law burrows for the said Edward Thomsone; 1664 Stitchill Baron Ct. 31.
(3) Jhone Rogear in Redpeth … quha fand Sande Anderson thair catioun and seurte to persew him criminalle under the pane of v c [sic]; 1606 Melrose Reg. Rec. I 12.
b. fig. Said of Christ. Also attrib.
Christ was pursued as paymaster and surety for us; Rutherford Tryal Faith (1743) 228.
You will not confess your guiltiness, o sinners in Christ! … But the surety Christ was craved, and all your accompts demanded of him; Rutherford Tryal Faith (1743) 229.
The surety as a satisfying surety … removeth not formally injustice except he be such a surety as Christ who can both pay the debt and so remove the ill of punishment; Rutherford Tryal Faith (1743) 232.
attrib. It is only the cautionary, the surety-righteousness of Christ God that is made ours; Rutherford Tryal Faith (1743) 223.
c. Also said of two or more persons, collectively.
[He] heirof binds and oblissis him, his aires and executoris, as cautioners and swertie for John Keillo; 1646 Aberd. B. Rec. IV 66.
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"Sur(e)té n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 5 Aug 2021 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/surete>
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