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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Average, n.1 Also: auerage (aueriage), avarage, avyrage. [OF. average, med. L. averagium, of uncertain origin, latterly associated with Aver n. See also Arrage.] A feudal service of uncertain nature.Regularly mentioned together with carriage, and explained by Skene as ‘service by horse, or carriage of horse’. 1371 in Skene Verb. S. s.v. Arage.]
[Cum auaragiis et cariagiis
1461 Chart. (Reg. H.) No. 362.
The forsaide landys … with bludwytis, herȝeldis … aueragis & caryagis
1473 Stirlings of Keir 241.
With courtis, plantis … herȝeldis … aueragis, cariagis and cane
1489 Acts II. 222/1.
Thai ar gretly hurt and oppressit be lordis and gentilmen of the cuntre … quhilkis … compellis thaim to do seruice, auerage, cariage, schering, ledding [etc.]
1509–10 Breadalbane Doc. (Reg. H.) No. 37.
Payand heyrfor ȝerelie … thre and twenty markis … wyth heyreȝeldis, marchetis, avyrage & cariage & vthir do-seruice of vs & wont
1560 Crosraguel Chart. I. 122.
Togidder with kayne fowlis, averageis and carrageis, dewties and dew service usit and wont
1597 Skene Verb. S. s.v. Dissolution.
Avarage, cariage, or ony vther dewties & seruice

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"Average n.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 30 Sep 2023 <>



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