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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Canon(e, Canoun(e, n. Also: cannon(e, -oun, can(n)own(e. [ME. and OE. canon (ME. also canoun, -own, e.m.E. cannon), OF. and L. canon.]

1. Canon Law. (See 3.) a1400 Leg. S. xxxvii. 28.
In duble science tacht wes he; In cannone and diuinite
c1420 Wynt. viii. 414; Ib. 458.
Doctor solempne … He wes in canown and cyvyle
1535 Stewart 60470.
Ane doctour … Into canone or in theologie

2. A canon, in various senses. c1420 Wynt. v. 400.
Twa pystyllys off canowne thare he wrate
Ib. 1251.
Syne in till the canowne he Made off the mes Qui Pridie
a1500 Henr. III. 152/62.
It is clippit [= called] in our cannon Dia glecolicon
1562-3 Winȝet II. 25/9.
Contrare the diuine canoun
Ib. 70/11.
To interpret that canoun or reul
1622-6 Bisset I. 8/26.
Sanct Guthagonus … wes banisched … , as the cannoun thairanent beiris

3. Law cano(u)n or cano(u)n law, ecclesiastical law (freq. in expressed contrast with Civil a.).(1) 1400 Maxwell Mem. 141.
Na remede of lach canoun na ciuyle to be proponit in the contrary
1413 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 364.
Na remede in lach canon na ciuile agayne standand
c1420 Wynt. viii. 524.
That ilke custwme … suld be … Preferryd till lawys imperyalle, Canowne, or othir custwmale
1432 Newbattle MS. (Reg. H.) 20 March.
Qwhil the sayd soume … be fullyly … payit … , na remed of ony law canon or ciuile in the contrar
1456 Hay I. 264/26.
For the lawis canoun ar all in the contrair
Ib. 290/36.
In the bukis of the law canoun
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 329/10.
And als lawis cannoun, ciuile & positiue, ar bot pendiklis apon Cristis law of grace
1519 Buccleuch Mun. II. 136.
Na remeid of law cannon or cywil [etc.]
(2) 1535 Stewart 60474.
Ane bachleir … In theologie or into canoun law
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 4264.
To quhome no prince may be compare, As canon lawis can declare
1558-66 Knox II. 141.
I knaw nothing but the cannoun law
1571 Sat. P. xxviii. 77.
Aganis thair cannoun law thay gaif decreit
1596 Dalr. II. 40/10.
Bachler in the canon law

b. In similar use with juge, etc. 1472 Lennox Mun. 87.
Neuer to be herd in jugement befor ony juge, canon or ciuile, anens the clame
1529 Reg. Episc. Aberd. I. 397.
To compell ws be all manner of compulsioun canon or ciuill to compleit … this oure said obligatioun

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"Canon n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 13 Apr 2024 <>



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