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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Chenȝe, Cheinȝe, n. Also: chenȝee, -ȝie, -ȝa, chenei; cheynȝe, cheinȝie, cheanȝie, chinȝe, -ȝie; cheingȝe, -ie, cheyng(ȝ)e; schenȝe, scheangȝie. [Northern ME. cheny, chei(n)gne, variant of ME. cheyne Cheyne: cf. Chene and Chanȝe. The phonology of the various forms is not clear.]

1. A chain (for holding or confining).(a) a1400 Leg. S. iv. 113.
Of God the angel … band vs with chenȝeis fel & sar
1402 Exch. R. III. 544.
For a chenei, xij d. Item, for lokkis, ij s.
14.. Acts I. 326/2.
Gif … the mastis [= mastiff] be nocht in bandes na in chenȝeis
1456 Hay I. 48/34.
He [was] put in strayte prisoun, bundyn with mony chenȝeis of irne
1471 Peebles B. Rec. 167.
Hyngand on thar schowder ij stanys in a irne chenya or in a wedy
Brus xvii. 623 (E).
To lat it brynnand on hyr fall, And with stark chenyeis hald it thar
a1500 Bk. Chess 275.
Bunding he was in chenȝeis & in lokkis
c1500-c1512 Dunb. xxvi. 73.
He drew thame furth in till a chenȝie
1513 Doug. i. v. 120.
With ane hundreth brasyn chenȝeis grete … hard bund hys handis tway
1533 Bell. Livy I. 111/15.
Incontinent thai band Turnus with chenȝeis
1549 Compl. 114/27.
He gart bynd ther handis in iryn chenȝeis
1560 Rolland S. Sages 4078.
We sall hald in thy renȝeis … And check ȝow into chenȝeis
1552–3 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 75.
For mending of the irne chenȝe
Ib. 76.
For eking of the chenȝe of the trone
1559–60 Ib. 323.
Ane schenȝe and ane small bot to the turnepyk dur of the Counsall hous
1566 Prot. Bk. T. Iohnsoun 102.
Ane irne chenye with the wyndas and the quheile
1570 Leslie 59.
He weir ane chenye of iron about his middill
1600 Edinb. B. Rec. V. 293.
To caus to mak tuelff schekillis of yrne and sax small chenȝeis betuix tham
1612 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 328.
To prepair sik chenyeis of irne, towis, … and vthir necessaris for taking avay of the saidis stanis
(b) 1556–7 Edinb. Old Acc. II. 70.
Ane cheinye of irne
1558–9 Ib. 301.
For eikying of the cheinȝe of the kirk of Feild Port
1569 Prot. Bk. G. Grote 74.
Querrell mellis, vedgeis, cheinȝeis, bundis to bukkatis [etc.]
1593 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 499.
For ane padlok lok and ane key to the said cheinȝie
1629 M. Works Acc. XXI. 31.
Ane cheik and ane cheinȝie ane ell lang
(c) 1584 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 359.
Iames Ros, thesaurer, to caus renew the irnes and cheyngyeis of the gallous
1589 Ib. 542.
Sex cheyngyeis maid for cheyngyeing of the vagabunds
1591 Ib. V. 51.
To caus mak cheyngeis on the merkat croce quhairwith the fornicatouris may be fesint
c1615 Chron. Kings 180.
The hand and the knyff bund with ane yrne scheangȝie to the same

2. An ornamental chain.(a) 1429 Acts II. 18/2.
At nane vthir weir broudry na perle … bot aray thaim … in … serpis, beltis, vches & chenȝeis
c 1450 Misc. Maitl. C. III. 203.
Ane beddell wand siluer & ourgilt, with ane chenye and ane seill of the sam
1478 Acta Aud. 62/2.
A croice & a chenȝe of gold
1488 Treas. Acc. I. 81.
Tuthpikis of gold with a chenȝe
1496 Ib. 313.
Ane chenȝee … cunȝeit be the Kingis command
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 366.
In gownis of engranyt claight & gret goldin chenȝeis
1513 Doug. vii. vi. 24.
The grysly serpent … semyt to be about hir hals a lynkit gold chenȝe
1538 Treas. Acc. VII. 32.
Twa chenȝeis of gold of the fynes of xxij carratis
c1550 Rolland C. Venus i. 141.
Rattilland chenȝeis about his hals so quhite
a1578 Pitsc. I. 174/16.
Ane great chenȝie of gould about his hallis
1583 Edinb. Test. XII. 55 b.
Ane chenȝe with ane hairt of gold
1603 Moysie 56.
The cheife jovell, namely the H, with ane chenyie
1608 Crim. Trials II. 547.
Fra quhome ane chenȝe, or perles, or ane jowell composet of mony stanes is stown
1622-6 Bisset II. 259/13.
The cumpany gettis the capitanis kist, his abulȝeamentis, … graith, chenȝe [etc.]
(b) a 1570 Soc. Ant. XXVI. 468.
Byschop Iames Kennedeis best wand with the seyll and the cheynȝe
1579 Inv. Wardrobe 278.
Ane cheinyie of gold annamalite with reid [etc.]
a1578 Pitsc. I. 175/7.
The earle of Angus … pullit the gold chinȝie frome his craige
1584 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 107.
Ane hart of siluer … with three lytle cheinyeis all of siluir hingand at it
1596 Montgomery Mem. 235.
An cheinȝe of cristell and geittis … , ane meist cheinȝe set about with gold
c1610 Melville Mem. 345.
The cheingȝe … was deuydit in thre partis, for it was bellissent

3. Attrib. with belt, bullet, hem. 1583 Edinb. Test. XII. 157 b.
Ane chenȝe belt of xj vnces of siluer or thairby
1591 Ib. XXIII. 209.
Of weschine walter claythtis … sewit with chenȝie hem
1667 Highland P. II. 53.
Quhen they were drawing the anker, the fourth man … was shott with a cheanȝie bullet

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"Chenȝe n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 28 Feb 2024 <>



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