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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Cruve, Cruive, n. Also: pl. cruuis, cruwis, crvwis; crives. [Variant of Crove n., Crufe n.]

1. A wicker or wooden enclosure for catching salmon or other fish. (Chiefly in pl.)(a) 1528 Red Bk. Menteith II. 385.
With the myln and cruvis of Down and fisching of Lowis
1537 Reg. Privy S. II. 350/2.
With the castell, … fischingis, and cruvis tharof in the watter of Southesk
1553 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 217.
Sextam partem piscarie de ly Cruwis super … aqua de Done
1555 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 286.
The … occupiaris of the fysching of the cruwis
1580 Conv. Burghs I. 102.
Ordour to be taikin anent the distructioun of cruvis and ȝairis
1592 Acts III. 592/1.
The salmond fisching vpoun the watter of Ellone, with power to big crvwis thairvpoun
1624 Stirling B. Rec. I. 159.
That rak of the watter of Forthe nixt under the cruves of Craigorthe
1679 Stirling Comm. Good MS. 135.
To Alexander Barclay for twice goeing to see the cruves
(b) 1677 Antiq. Aberd. & B. III. 37.
The salmon fishing on the water of Ythan as well in the fishings of the cruives as by boat and net
1687 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XIII. 131.
The heritors of the cruives … are decerned to fish regularly in tyme comeing
At the crives of the said salmond fishing
1710 Ann. Banff I. 182.
He possessed the lands … , and the fishing of the cruives, by charter held of the Crown

b. Attrib. with fishing, master. 1664 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 211.
The heritors of the cruves fishing, wpon the water of Done
1687 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. XIII. 132.
The … heritors … gave power to the cruive masters to mak their cruives after what fashion they pleased

2. A hut or hovel. 1533 Bell. Livy II. 231/6.
It war better to duell in small cruivis, sic as hirdis and landwart pepill vsis. … than to pas wilfullie in … exile

3. A sty for pigs. (See also Swine-cruve.) 1542 Edinb. B. Rec. II. .
All maner of persouns haifand ony cruvis for swyne at thair stairis and sydewallis fornent the hie streitt or in commoun venellis
1553 Ib. 181.
That thair be na cruvis on the Hie [gait], Cowgait, commoun vinellis nor vnder stairis
1579 Ib. IV. 122.
All maner of personis hawand ony cruves for swyne … fornent the Hie Streitt
1657 Peebles B. Rec. II. 44.
All the persones within toun who hes any swyne, to keep them within cruives or houssis

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"Cruve n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 Jul 2024 <>



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