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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Hemp, Hempt, n. [ME. hemp (c 1300), OE. hænep, henep.] Hemp.

1. The growing plant. a1500 Henr. Fab. 1737.
Se ȝe ȝon churle … Fast sawand hemp and gude linget seid?
1497 Prestwick B. Rec. 34.
Wrangwisly he brocht in the bestiale he had in kepin on hir hemp
1555 Peebles B. Rec. 219.
All hempt and lynt to be removit furth of Peblis Watter … for currupting of the watter
1625 Edinb. Test. LIII. 114.
Sex scheives of femill hempt
attrib. a1605 Montg. Flyt. 273 (T).
Sum hobling on hempstaikis [v.r. one ane hempstalk], hovand on hicht

2. The fibre of hemp, as used for making ropes or fabric.(a) 1425 Acts II. 12/1.
That na hemp, lynt, stray [etc.] … be put nere the fyre
1501 Treas. Acc. II. 29.
For hemp to be threid to sow the samyn [tents]
1546 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 126.
Hemp to be sawld in polk
1562–3 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 70.
For ane hundreth hemp, four dosone cairdis, [etc.]
a1605 Montg. Sonn. lxv. 7.
In hemp God nor ȝe hing
attrib. 1611 Edinb. Test. XLVI. 253 b.
Sex quarteris of hemp weluot
1627 Ib. LIV. 189.
xliiij staine hemp tow
(b) 1547 Reg. Great S. 20/1.
6 stane of clene dicht hempt
1560 Aberd. B. Rec. MS. XXIV (J).
An spruis stane of hempt
a1578 Pitsc. I. 175/29.
He thocht schame to haue his handis bund with sic ane tow of hempt lyk ane theif
1595 Conv. Burghs I. 466.
Ilk twn lynt, hempt, cabilȝarne
1622-6 Bisset II. 209/1.
Licht guidis sic as lynt and hempt
c1650 Spalding I. 349.
Ane schip … ladnit with iron, hempt, lynt, [etc.]

3. Attrib. (in sense 1) with dub, rig, whil (= wheel), yard. 1666 Kirkcudbr. Sheriff Ct. Processes No. 6 (5 June).
[In all and whole the yard and tenement] now constructit in ane barne called the hemp yeard
1681 Hunter Fam. P. 66.
At the head of the Murij glene besyd the hempdwbe wher both heritours manured lands begins
1684 Symson Descr. Galloway 77.
This hemp rigg is very rich land, as being their dung hill, where they put all their dung
1715 Crail Squaremen 29 (see Lint n. 4 b (2)).
Hemp whils

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"Hemp n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 4 Jun 2023 <>



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