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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Jewel(l, Jewal(l, n. Also: jeuel(l, -elle, jewalle, jewle, jeull, jeoull. Plur. jewellis, jewallis, etc., also jewell. [e.m.E. and ME. jewel(le, ME. jewle (1477), iewele, gewel, gywel (1297). Cf. Jowal(l and Juell.]

1. A costly article, esp. one used for decoration or for personal adornment; a precious ornament; also, a precious stone, a gem. in plur., (a person's) valuables, the treasures (of a church).(a) 1527 Caldwell P. 58.
Togidder with the gold rings, precius stanes, uther jewell, and obligationis, being in ane lettron
1541 Treas. Acc. VII. 423.
This gold wark and jewellis eftir folowing, … thre chenȝeis [etc.]
1571 Leslie in Misc. Bann. C. III. 121.
With ane litill coffer with sum jevuelles thairinto
a1578 Pitsc. I. 66/18.
[He] spullȝeit kirkis … and committit the jewellis thairof to his prophaine use
1596 Dalr. I. 48/4.
With it [amber] women uses to … hing about thair halse for jewelis, coloris or broches
1603 Philotus xi.
Ane ground-riche man, … He wants na jewels, claith nor waith
c1650 Spalding I. 262.
He gaue to hir the haill jewellis and goldsmith work belonging to hir defunct mother
1651 Acts VI. 608/2.
To restore to ws our … wreattes and jeuelles
(b) 1572-5 Diurn. Occurr. 324.
Thir jewallis [the regalia] wer maid of brace, and doubill ourgilt with gold, becaus the principall jewellis … mycht not be haid
1596 Dalr. I. 94/10.
Bracelets about thair armes, iewalis about thair neck, broches hinging at thair halse
1610 Crim. Trials III. 100.
Ane box of jewallis, … in the quhilk was … certane blude-stanes and dyuerse dyamontis
1656 Melville Chart. 175.
All and sindrie … jewalles, gold, silver, cwinȝiet and uncwnȝiet
(c) 1659 Edinb. Test. LXIX. 224.
Insight plenishing, jeullis, go[l]d, silver
(d) 1456 Misc. Bann. C. III. 94.
Of my gold silver jeoullys

2. fig. Applied to a person. 1620 Lett. & St. P. Jas. VI 331.
My jewell is weil … and her sweit kymmer and sister

3. attrib. in Jewal Hous. 1595 Misc. Spald. C. II. 129.
Within the Jewle Hous of the Cathedrale Kirk of Murraye
Ib. 131.
The Jewale Hous

b. Jewell coal: in the mod. dial., a special high-grade coal with a clear shining surface. Also jewell road, i.e. leading to the jewel coal. 1673 Sheriffhall Coal Accompt.
Splente coall jewell coall
1691 Ib.
[For] sincking the said blind sincke to the jewell coall
The jewell road

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"Jewel n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 25 May 2024 <>



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