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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1983 (DOST Vol. V).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Pan-wod(e, n. Also: -wood(e, -vood. [Pan n.1 6 (and 7 b); Wod(e n. Only Sc.] 1. Small coal or dross, used or as used as the fuel of salt-pans. Also plur. in same collective sense. b. Also attrib. and comb.Also, (at Fawside) abbrev. as panw.Also, once, Pansw[ode].sing. 1531 Reg. Dunferm. 363.
Giff the … abbot … desyris ony pan wod of my lord of Sanctandrois coill [etc.]
1576–7 Reg. Privy S. VII. 134/1.
Minutis carbonibus vulgo panwod
1614 Reg. Great S. 375/2.
c 1654 Wemyss in Sc. Diaries 125.
I moste give them suffitiant good pan woode or small colle and for every 12 leads … the salters gives me tuo bolls and firlote of salt well dryed
1671 M. P. Brown Suppl. Decis. II. 537.
To the effect they may perceive what pan-wood … shall be necessary for their staiking
1678 Fawside Coal Compt 28.
For the wholl panwood [£4]
Ib. 32.
For my panwood heweing [£4]
1679 Torry Coal & Salt Wks. 3 a.
To hewing … panvood at wester work
1683 Fawside Coal Compt 103.
For panwood to the mesteris pan
1684 Ib. 136.
Ane dayes panwood to my pan [14s.]
plur. 1677 Fawside Coal Compt 15.
Panwoods … to Thom. Condit 14 bolls
1684 Ib. 127.
For my panwoods
b. 1571 Edinb. Test. 187.
Panwod creiles
1678 Fawside Coal Compt 30.
For girthes to the panw. hors
1680 Ib. 59.
For my panwood hors shoeing
1678 Ib. 30.
James Fergreiff panw. man
1680 Ib. 53.
For a panwood sacke [£1/10/0]
1685 Ib. 146.
A panwood shool [18s.]

2. A measure of small coal or dross so employed.Appar. the approximate amount of fuel to maintain the furnace of a pan for a six-day working-week. For smaller amounts the ‘day’ was the unit (6 days = 1 panwood). (Recorded only at Fawside.) 1678 Fawside Coal Compt 36.
For a panwood to the coalheuers [£4]
1680 Ib. 54.
The thre panw[oods] are all 3 full woods
1681 Ib. 82.
Panwoods 3 Septr. Jean Hendersone 01 panw., Thom. Gray 01 panw., Mesters pan 01 panw., Resting 22 bolis wood
1681 Ib. 84.
Ane panwood & 3 dayes is 06/00/0
1683 Ib. 106.
Halfe ane panwood [£2/3/0]
Ib. 108.
Mesters pan 01 panw., quarter of ane day from Elphingstoune

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"Pan-wod n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 Sep 2023 <>



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