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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1983 (DOST Vol. V).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Patil(l, -yl, -le, n. [North. ME. pattyl (1404), of obscure origin: cf. Padill n.1 In the mod. dial., Sc. and north. Eng.] A pattle or mud-scraper.A tool like a small spade, used for removing mud or earth from a hard surface, esp. from the mouldboard of a plough; a plough-staff. a1400 Leg. S. xxv. 130.
The patyl his hand clewyt to The muldebred quhen he suld mvk
a1500 Henr. Fab. 2243 (Ch.).
The husband than woxe angrie … and caist his patill and greit stanis
1535–6 M. Works Acc. (ed.) I. 191.
For axis patillis sweyis hollis [etc.] … to the Franche gardyner
1553–4 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 351.
For ane patill to patil the kirk with vi s.
1555–6 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 196.
Maid ane patill to put the wair of the stanis
1561–2 Ib. II. 152.
For ane patill with irne to patill the kirk flure
1562 Edinb. B. Deeds 63.
Ane irne patill and schule ane hewin ex
1570 Sat. P. xii. 72.
Hirdmen sall hunt ȝow … Castand thair patlis [Calderwood the padle] and lat the pleuch stand still
1649 Aberd. Sheriff Ct. III. 50.
They being at the pleughe togidder … Patrick strake the said Alexr. with the patle

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"Patil n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 3 Feb 2023 <>



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