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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1983 (DOST Vol. V).
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Pavil(l)ion, Pawil(l)ion, n. Also: -ione, -ioun, -ȝ(e)oin, -ȝeo(u)n(e, -ȝeounn, -ȝon, -y(e)on, -yeoun; pavilyhown, palvilȝoun, pavaleoun. [ME. and e.m.E. pauelyun, -ylion (14th c.), pafelion (c 1400), pavillyon (Caxton), pauylion (1535) a tent, also, a canopy (1586), a flag (1681), etc.; OF. paveillun (12th c.), MF. pavillon, tent, canopy, flag, L. papilio butterfly, also, in med. L., tent. Cf. Palȝo(u)n(e n., also Pavil(l)o(u)n(e n.]

1. A tent or pavilion. = Palȝo(u)n(e n. 1.Also, rarely, ? plur. in sing. sense.Also, attrib., ( ? possess.) and comb.(1) ?1438 Alex. ii. 5560, etc.
I sall … Ryde to Clarus pauillioun [: toun]
c1420 Wynt. iv. 1039.
Hys pavilyhownys and his tentys wes Stuffyd welle wytht gret ryches
c1420 Wynt. iv. 454 (C) (see Pavil(l)o(u)n(e n.).
Ib. v. 2187.
1456 Hay I. 301/27.
And lay hard … mare in pavilliouns, tentis and bastilles na in castellis and townis
c1460 Alex. (Taym.) 1290.
Pawilionis plukit doun
1514 Irvine Mun. I. 35.
That thai … be wele abulȝeit … in crocebowis culveringis pavilyeonis [etc.]
1523 Treas. Acc. V. 228.
Tentis and pavilȝeoinis
1543 Ayr Common Good Acc. Clar. ii. 838.
For bringing vp of the bakkeis and the pauilȝeoun to the tolbuith
a1578 Pitsc. I. 73/7 (1).
a1586 Lindsay MS. 8 b.
a1599 Rollock Wks. I. 304.
1649 Antiq. Aberd. & B. IV. 781.
Twa hundreth elnes of cloath to be a pavilion
(b) 1531 Bell. Boece (M) I. 42.
(2) 1538 Treas. Acc. VII. 38.
Ane pavilȝeoun of stait for the kingis grace
(3) 1548 Treas. Acc. IX. 215.
For ȝallo bukram and reid to ryggyn my lorde governoures pavilȝeounnes
1571–2 Canongate Ct. Bk. 350.
Williame Keir grantit him to have wranguslie cuttit and away tane ane parte of the paviliones pertening to my lord bishop of Orknay
(4) 1621 Conv. Burghs III. 113.
For euerie tent or pauillyeoun for selling of meitt and drink
(5) 1547 Treas. Acc. IX. 85.
For vi stane of pavilȝeonis cordes
Ib. 94.
Pavilȝeounes cordes
1661 Soc. Ant. XXII. 253.
Shee was at ane other meitting at the pavilione-holl
1632 Lithgow Trav. x. 429.
There fabrickes are advanced three or foure yardes high, pavillion-like incircling
1639 Thanes of Cawdor 284.
Lewelling the said crinell for ane pawilioun reiff [= roof]

2. A canopy, appar. also in some instances the curtains suspended from it. Also plur. in same sense. Cf. Palȝo(u)n(e n. 3.Esp. the canopy ( ? and curtains) of a tent-bed. 1538 Treas. Acc. VII. 29.
Grene dammes to be ane pavilȝeoun to the kingis stule of eis
1561 Ib. XI. 87.
To … virlattis of the chalmer to pay for thair furnest bed pavilȝeoun
1565 Ib. 404.
Ane pavilȝeoune and covering to ane bed
Ib. 421.
ii li. wecht of frenȝeis to the said pavilȝeone
Ib. 430.
Grene plading to be the pavilȝeonis
Ane knope ouregilt witht gold to hing the pavilȝeone
1566 Ib. 501.
Taffeteis to be ane pavilȝeone and cuverter

3. A flag, ensign or banner. = Palȝo(u)n(e n. 4. 1572 Peebles B. Rec. I. 339.
William Kello … is becumit causcioun … to deliuer the pavaleoun of the burgh of Peblis … quhilk my lord provest borrowit to the perambuling of his landis

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"Pavilion n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 28 Sep 2023 <>



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