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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1983 (DOST Vol. V).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Payan(e, Paian, n. and a. Also: -ene, -aȝn, -and; -eme; pane, payn(e. [ME. and e.m.E. paeyn (c 1290), payene (1297), paen (Cursor M.), paene, pain, payn (a 1300), also paynen (c 1390), payne (c 1550, thereafter obs. in Eng.), OF. paien (11th c.), paian, payen (mod. F. païen), L. pāgānus. Cf. Pagan(e n. and a., also Panian.]Only in Leg. S. and Doug.

A. noun. A pagan or infidel. = Pagan(e n. and a. A. Also possess.(1) a1400 Leg. S. xix. 636.
Of paianis he had gert trew … sexty thousand
Ib. xxvii. 944.
Ib. xxxii. 100.
Ib. xxix. 73.(2) a1400 Leg. S. xxvi. 261.
& syndry ritis vndir mad As of payaȝn[i]s custummance

B. adj. Heathen. = Pagan(e n. and a. B.predic. a1400 Leg. S. xxvii. 877.
A man that … was payeme and richt crafty
Ib. xxxi. 281.attrib. a1400 Leg. S. xxxi. 85 (see Lay n.1).
Paian lay
1513 Doug. i. Prol. 460.
Calliope nor payane [v.rr. payand, payne] goddis wild [etc.]
Ib. iv. vi. 43.
Quhen euery thryd ȝeir on thar payane gys [etc.]
1513 Doug. v. ii. 71 (Ruthv.).
Pane ryte
1513 Doug. vi. Prol. 60.
Payan [v.r. payn] warkis
Ib. 79.
Payane lawis

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"Payan n., adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Jun 2024 <>



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