Show Search Results Show Browse

A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology

Abbreviations Cite this entry

About this entry:
First published 1986 (DOST Vol. VI).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Profound, -fund(e, adj. Also: -fond(e. [ME and e.m.E. profound (c1305), -founde, also profund (1451), also perfounde (c1530), OF profund, profond (c1175 in Godef. Compl.), parfund (11th c. in Hatz.-Darm.), L. profundus deep, high, obscure, f. prō and fundus bottom.] Profound, in various usual senses and applications.

A. adj. 1. Physically deep; having considerable depth. Also transf. 1513 Doug. vi iv 3.
Thar stude a dirk and profound cave fast by
1533 Boece 223b.
Thai war commandit to cast ane brade and profound foussy
1565–6 Reg. Privy C. I 425.
Throw greit tempest and profound watteris the beraris of thair lettres mycht na wyise get passage
1568 Skeyne Descr. Pest 13.
Frequent puls small & profund
1580-92 James VI Lusus Reg. 45.
This lairgenes & this breadth so long, this hienes so profound, this boundit infinit
transf. 1513 Doug. vi v 1.
Fra thyne, strekis the way profund onone Deip onto hellys flude of Acheron
1581-1623 James VI Poems I 121/59.
By the porte half oppin of the goulfe profonde & hou

2. Of a person: Having great knowledge, intellectual perception or insight; very learned (in a subject). c1490 Irland Asl. MS 4/13.
The writ declarit … with the mynd of the gast the kirk and profound doctouris [etc.]
Id. Mir. I 48/18.
Thomas Brawardyne … doctor profound
1531 Bell. Boece II 105.
He was … ane profound clerk
1560 Rolland Seven S. 9914.
Cuning doctouris, and phisitians profound
1535 Stewart 41291.
Torgatus … Ane letterit man profound in all science

b. Applied to mind or its workings. — a1500 Henr. Fab. 1623 (Bann.).
The profound wit of God omnipotent
Id. Orph. 55 (Ch. & M.).
Profund
1490 Irland Mir. MS fol. 353.
He was in profound pensy & meditacioun
1513 Doug. v Prol. 28.
The hie wysdome and maist profund engyne Of … Virgile
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 5018.

3. Applied to various other non-material things.

a. Of a subject of thought: Deep in meaning; not superficial.(a) 1490 Irland Mir. I 8/9.
Perchaunce lawde pepil comprehendis nocht the profound verite tharof as dois clerkis
c1590 J. Stewart 48/15. 1596 Dalr. II 32/12.
In na science was nathing sa profound … bot his … ingine was able to comprehend
(b) a1499 Contempl. Sinn. 610.
Profund
1513 Doug. i Prol. 71.
Thou … has so hie profund sentens … That [etc.]
Ib. xiii xi 31.
Thir profund wordis .furth braid
a1561 Q. Kennedy Breif Tract. (ed.) 112/2.
The profund mistery of the blissit sacrament of the altare
1596 Dalr. I 88/22.
That with the gretter facilitie we may prepare the way sum things to reherse mair profunde

b. Of a state of mind, quality or attribute: Deeply felt or believed; intense; very great.(1) a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 1349.
The tothir [band] wes profound confiddance That inmortall he suld rais in haist
c1550 Rolland Ct. Venus iii 886.(b) 1549 Compl. 115/34.
He beand depriuit, he of ane profond maleis departit fra Lacedemonia
(2) a1538 Abell 89a.
His nychtbur excers in contemplacion profund meiknes
a1568 Bann. MS 71a/10.
Aganis he pryd, profound humilitie

c. Of sleep: That cannot be easily disturbed. 1533 Boece 287b.
The cubicularis … traisting the king … was in ane profound sleip [etc.]

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Profound adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 Jun 2024 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/dost/profound>

33208

dost

Hide Advanced Search

Browse DOST:

    Loading...

Share: