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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1986 (DOST Vol. VI).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Quhingar, -er, n. Also: quhyng-, whing-, quying-; quheng-, quheing- and -are; -ir; -re; quhynggar; Fungar, Phingar. [Var. of Quhinȝar n. Cf. Quhingear, Quhanger n.For the pronunciation see the rhymes with fingers and slingers (quots. Colvil, (1) (e) below).] A short sword. = Quhinȝar n.For further examples see Doup(e v.1, Knife n. 2 b, 3, Mint v. 3, and Index to Treas. Acc.A four edgit quhingar, ? a whinger with a blade of square or oblong section till near the point (? made only as a test-piece). Also, a four cornellit quhingar, a four squairit quhingar.Also attrib. and comb.(1) 1493 Crim. Trials I i 15.
1508 Ib. 58.
1535–6 Prot. Bk. J. Cristisone 42.
I sall … gif you with ane quhynger
1538 Aberd. B. Rec. I 156.
1540 Treas. Acc. VII 338.
For sex furnissit quhyngeris … gilt witht silver chaip and rubis to thame
1548–9 Perth Hammermen 71.
[That] na servand nor prenteis wair ane quhingar
1566–7 Lanark B. Rec. 34.
With ane drawin quhinger
1575 Dumfries B. Ct. 25 Oct.
Ane quhingar wantand knywis
1579, 1617 Despauter (1579).
Pugio, a quhinger
1587 Whitelaw Sc. Arms Makers 104.
His essay to wit ane furneist plane quhynger to be made within in [? for ane] moneth
1589 St. A. B. Ct. 18 Nov.
Ane furnissit quhinger with ane dudgeoun heft
1596 Dalr. II 351/18.
1612 Inverurie B. Ct. 12 March.
Be strikeinge tuyis at the said Androw with ane drawin quhinger
1620 Whitelaw Sc. Arms Makers 184.
For dressing of quhingers
1627 Justiciary Cases I 74.
The tressonabill drawing of ane quhinger within the kingis maiesteis palice
(b) 1541 Elgin Rec. I 61.
(c) 1581 Lanark B. Rec. 82.
Laid his hand on his quhenger
(d) 1589–1600 Skipper's Acc. (Morton) 60a.
For ane gelt quheinger, iii doleris
(e) 1566 Crim. Trials I i 481.
They … with drawin swords, whingers, bendit pistolls, and vthers wapones invasiue, persewit … David Riccio
1558-66 Knox I 83.
But I shall reforme yow by scharpe whingaris
1571 Bann. Memor. 150.
And … promises to meit me hand to hand … armed with … sword or whingar [etc.]
a1598 Ferg. Prov. No. 638.
Monie tynes the halfe marke whinger, for the halfe pennie whange
1661 Acts VII 254/1.
Whingers or durks ilk sextie of them
1668 Laing MSS I 368.
1681 Colvil Whig's Suppl. (1681) 7.
Some had only knives and whingers [: slingers]
Ib. 51.
Whingers [: fingers]
(2) 1548 Treas. Acc. IX 183.
For ane Scottis quhingar … For ane Franche quhyngar
(3) 1613 Whitelaw Sc. Arms Makers 196.
[An] outred and tra [? for tva] edgit quhinger
1614 Ib. 187.
Ane furnesit four edgit quhinger
1615 Ib. 189.
Ane furnesit cornellit quhinger
1616 Ib. 190.
Ane four cornellit quhinger
1619 Ib. 192.
Ane furnesit four squairit quhinger
Ib. 194.
Ane quhinger foure squairet
1630 Glasgow Trades House 139.
He pullit out ae edgit quhinger
1630 Justiciary Cases II 313.
Be streking him with ane hedget quhinger
1634 Whitelaw Sc. Arms Makers 194.
[His say viz.] ane foure edgit quhinger
1638 Ib. 195.
Ane foure cornered quhinger hard rigging edgit
(4) attrib. 1580 Whitelaw Sc. Arms Makers 263.
The quhinger blade vij d. … ane quhynger heft without the bais
1595 Edinb. Test. XXVIII 82.
Ane dossoun quhinger heftis
1591 Edinb. Test. XXIII 142b.
Four dosone of quhinger scheithis … xxxij s.
1595 Ib. XXVIII 81b.
Quhinger scheifis
1615 Ib. XLVIII 249b.

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"Quhingar n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 1 Dec 2023 <>



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