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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1951 (DOST Vol. II).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Grys(e, Gryce, Gris(e, n. Also: gryis. [ME. gryse, grise (a 1225), ON. grís-s (Norw., Sw., Da. gris) young pig, pig.] A pig, esp. a young pig, sucking pig.(a) sing. a1400 Leg. S. xx. 119.
A gryse … a wolfe has fra me tane
a1500 Colk. Sow ii. 53.
A pig sum callis a grys
1556 Crim. Trials I. 390*.
The pryce of … the gryse xij d
a1605 Montg. Flyt. 88.
Ȝour gryses grunȝie is gracelesse and gowked
a1651 Calderwood VII. 633.
Buckinghame caused baptise a gryse
1636 Orkney Bishop Ct. 97 b.
To vnderly the law for … steilling of ane grys
1641 Acts V. 613/2.
All and sundrie the small teyndis, … stirk, guise, gryse [etc.]
pl. 14.. Acts I. 41/2.
That na castellane sall ryn in the town … to sla swyne, grysys, na geyse
1513 Doug. viii. i. 56.
A mekill swyne With thretty hed ferreyt of grysys fyne
1558 Reg. Cupar A. II. 254.
The teind eggis, geis, and gryssis
1590 Edinb. Test. XXII. 144 b.
Ane sow with hir gryses
a1598 Ferg. Prov. (1641) 3.
A yeeld sow was never good to gryses
1628 Reg. Privy C. 2 Ser. II. 258.
Brood swyne and grysses
1658 Edinb. Test. LXIX. 131.
Ane sou with tuo grysses
(b) 1535 Prestwick B. Rec. 54.
The inquest fyndis Jonet Huntter for iij ald swyne iij p[enn]eis, for the gryce ane p'e
1535 Stewart 49788.
Mony laborus men, Quhilk brocht with thame bayth guis, and gryce, and hen
a1568 Bann. MS. 137 b/18.
My berne, … hes of hir awin Ane gus, ane gryce, ane cok, ane hen
1580 Inverness B. Rec. I. 282.
The said dog slew ane sowe … quhilk sowe was full of gryces
1595 Duncan App. Etym.
Nefrens, porcellus, sucula, a gryce
1622 Orkney & Zetl. Test. I. 86 b.
Ane gryce, pryce x s.
1662 Crim. Trials III. 605.
It [a clay image of a child] was lyk a pow or a slain gryce
1693 Foulis Acc. Bk. 154.
To my wife to pay for gryces
(c) 1476 Prestwick B. Rec. 27.
Wrangwisly he held a gris daili ettand his corn
1491 Dunferm. B. Rec. 33.
Jamy Malcom in amerciament for a gris
a1508 Kennedy Flyt. 427.
Thow beggit … Collapis, cruddis, mele, grotis, grisis and geis
1531 Bell. Boece II. 164.
Ane swine that eitis hir grisis
1583 Sat. P. xlv. Pref. 71.
Fra they gat the drapping grise they wanted
(d) 1523 Stirling B. Rec. I. 18.
The sellin of ane sowe … , that condicionit that scho was with gryissis
a1568 Bann. MS. 141 a/27.
Than kissit I hir anis or twyis And scho to gruntill as a gryis
1576 Orkney Oppress. 48.
Thair was not ane in that parochin … that had samikle as ane gryis

b. The sing. form as coll. c 1390 Reg. Morton I. Append. xl.
Oxin and ky, stotis and grys of syndri eildis and syndri hewis
c 1489 Liber Aberbr. 262.
To by lammys, velis, grys and chekinis
1543 Rep. Hist. MSS. XV. App. ix. 19.
With all and sindry teynd schavis, … stirkis, geise, grise, etc.
1594 Reg. Great S. 34 n.
2 brod swyne, profits of each in grys, 8 merks

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"Grys n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 May 2024 <>



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