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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

June, v. Also: jwne, junne, jovn(e. P.p. also junde.[Sc. var. of Join v.: cf. late north. ME. (once) june (1483). Cf. Jone v.]Const. as Join v.

1. tr. To fasten, attach, connect, fix (material things). 1456 Hay II. 46/37.
Rycht as a castell is wallit all about with stanis togedir junyt
a1500 Henr. Fab. 868 (B).
A croun of massy gold … With jaspis junyt and riall rubies rold
1490 Irland Mir. fol. 182 b.
The fyre … distroyis amaist all thing that is iunyt to it
a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 1233.
Syne to the croce a lang ledder thai june

b. To construct, by fixing together the parts (as, e.g., a joiner does). c1552 Lynd. Mon. 1371.
Noyis arke … Off pyne tre maid, … Junit full close with nalis strong
Ib. 1374.
Thre chalmeris junit weill and wycht
Ib. 1714.
That towre … junit of so strong fassioun With syment maid of pyk and tar

2. a. To bring (something) into contact with another; const. to. b. To bring together. a1508 Kennedy Pass. Christ 1262.
His fair vissage … With greit feruour scho junit to hir face
1540 Lynd. Sat. 545.
Quhat rak thocht ȝe and I Go iunne our iusting lumis

3. To join, unite or combine (non-material things). c1409-1436 Kingis Q. cxxxiii.
Gif thou will ay be wele fortunyt, Lat wisedom ay vnto thy will be junyt
1456 Hay II. 152/33.
June and acorde thy counsale with the opynioun of thy counsailouris
1490 Irland Mir. I. 89/33.
He has wrought gret perfeccioune … in bodely nature, junand it to the Deite
Ib. fol. 247.
The saule … [and] the body, that it is vnyt and junyt with
1493 Maxwell Mem. I. 205.
To ... kepe ... thir punctis ... ande all other punctuamentis and conditionys iunit and mad betwex ws
1521 Ib. 248. 1533 Gau 47/29.
His godheid and manheid ar swa iunit to gider
1562-3 Winȝet I. 90/19.
A sacrament … consists nocht only of a signe, bot of the word of God iunit thairto
1567 G. Ball. 14.
Our baptisme … Quhen Goddis word with watter junit be
1590 Douglas Corr. 242.
That the cuntrie may knaw that our frendshipis ar jwnit in the ald maner
1596 Dalr. I. 346/22.
The fortitude of body and mynd war nevir seperat, bot the ane iunet with the vther

4. To join as an addition, to annex (to or till something). c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2018.
Babilone and Caldie Quhareof he had ardent desyre Tyll june that land tyll his impyre
1595 Bamff Chart. 141.
The eistmest corne fald of the saides landis of Ardomie … quhilk fald is now junit to the saides landis of Schalvallis

5. a. To join together, unite, associate (persons, in marriage etc.). b. To unite, combine (military forces); freq. to june (one's) forces.a. 1490 Irland Mir. fol. 301.
Ane vthire commiccioun God causit … quhen he iunyt the woman with the man
1541–2 Acta Conc. Public Aff. 514.
That ane part of yow with sic utheris as we sall june with thame pas upoun the grovnd debatable
1544 Corr. M. Lorraine 90.
Qwhow schw hes junde to geder all the nobille men off the rawme for the serving off the qwennis grace hir doucter and diffense of this rawme agennis the alde ennemis
1560 St. A. Kirk S. 37.
We beand copuled and juned in lauchfull mariage
b. (1) 1531 Bell. Boece I. 73.
Quhen thair power is junit togidder
1596 Dalr. I. 298/6.
The Danes … to quhome Malcolme iunes his men of weir in respecte of the band betuein thame
(2) 1575 Wemyss Corr. 74.
Quhair ye and I sall meit … to june our forcis
1596 Dalr. II. 60/11.
Tha … propones to june thair forces against the Erle Douglas
Ib. 96/16.
Christian princes … iuneing thair forces … inuade the … infidelis

6. intr. and reflex. Said of persons: To come together, combine, unite, join, in association or alliance, or in marriage.(1) 1545 Corr. M. Lorraine 135.
Baythe thir armys, as thai purpos, sall june togyddyr and meit at Sterlyng
1549 Compl. 177/27.
The Romans that var fast fleand … cam and iunit vitht the armye of Fabius
1559 St. A. Kirk S. 6.
We quhais names ar underwrittin junes us … to the Congregatioun
Ib. 7.
Knawand … that we are commandit to june ourselfis togiddir as memberis of ane body
1562-3 Winȝet I. 136/32.
We will nocht only nocht iwne with ȝow generalie in religioun [etc.]
1563 Reg. Privy C. I. 244.
To meat at the accustumat place … thair to june with yow and frome thence … to pas to Carlisle
1596 Dalr. II. 23/10.
In cumpanie he junet him selfe to the Duk of Loran … to passe … to the Holy Land
(2) a1570-86 Maitland Maitl. F. xxxi. 4.
To iwne him selfe in mariage With ane ȝoung las
1596 Misc. Bann. C. II. 221.
Ane convenient partie with quhome scho sall jwne in mariage
(3) transf. 1456 Hay II. 55/29.
For be thai vertues, the vertew of prudence junys him with knychthede, and dois it mekle honoure

7. intr. To join in battle, meet in conflict, encounter. b. To june battal, id.(a) 1531 Bell. Boece I. 229.
Incontinent, thay junit with speris, axis, and swerdis
1535 Stewart 48584.
The feildis baith togidder thair did june
a1578 Pitsc. I. 235/2.
Quhene batht the knyghtis war lyghtit on fit they junitt pairtlie togither
Ib. 314/22.
The laird of Ballcluche quho iunit and conterit cruellie baitht the saidis pairties
(b) 1531 Bell. Boece (M.) II. 177/10.
Quhen the batallis war reddy to iovne
Ib. 332/10.
Incontinent baith the armyis iovnit, and faucht with incredibill hatrent
b. 1596 Dalr. I. 145/26.
Nocht lang eftir he iuned battel with the Britonis to delyuer the Pechtis … fra thair iniurie
Ib. II. 186/18.
Na raschnes suld be fund … in futeng the feild, quhen battel is to iune

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"June v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 29 Nov 2022 <>



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