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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Keling, Keiling, Keeling, n. Also: kelyng, keylin(g, keilling, keillen; kelling, kellyn, and Kealding. [North. and north midl. ME. keling (c 1300), chelynge (c 1440), ? obscurely derived from or related to ON. keila ‘cusk, Gadus longus’. Cf. also Killing n.] A cod-fish.See also Corf keyling.(a) 1380 Exch. R. III. 42.
De ix turbotis, … de xvij kelyng
14.. Acts I. 305/2.
Of ilk hundreth fysch kelyng, leyng or hadock … four peniis, … and of a hors lad of kelyngis [etc.] … a peny
1477 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 408.
Tuelf mvd keling and threttene mvd codlingis
1482 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 45.
Of the jc grete fisch, as keling, … vnbarralit iiij d.
1508 Reg. Privy S. I. 243/1.
In taking of ane keling callit assis keling fra the said constable
1513 Treas. Acc. IV. 492.
[600] keling salt, price of the hunder [£4/5/-]
1515 Ib. V. 21.
[116] hard keling
1546 Ib. VIII. 479.
Laid in the castell of Edinburght … vij barrell of keling
1549–50 Elgin Rec. I. 101.
Accusit for the wrangus bying of fresche keling at the see syid
1566 Treas. Acc. XI. 516.
Send to the Inche iijc of blawin and dry keling
(b) 1497 Treas. Acc. I. 344.
For xij keylin … v s.
1549 Banff Ann. I. 26.
That na man pak nor peyll keilling, leyng, nor ony vther kynd of fyschis, nor haue na salt keilling within the howis, accept vi keilling at the maist
1586 Conv. B. I. 218.
Ilk tun herring and keilling saxtene penneis
1594 Orkney & Shetl. Rec. I. 218.
Ilk boitt … sall pay yeirlie ane hundreth keillingis merchand wair
1622 Urie Baron Ct. 45.
The haill fischers ar decernit ilk lyneman to pey 100 haddox and thrie keilling
1628 Rec. Univ. Aberd. 582.
1692 Macfarlane's Geog. Coll. ii. 116.
Further down the sands, neer the sea they take keilling and skait by hooks baited and laid upon the sands, which they get at low water
(c) 1597 Bk. Rates in Halyb. App. cxv.
The last of keelling codlings and ling ij unce
1683 Coll. Aberd. & B.100.
The sea affords white fishes here in abundance, which are keeling, skaitt, turbett, and codfish. This they call their great fish
1684 Sibbald Scot. Illustr. III. 23.
Asellus major, the cod-fish, or keeling
(d) 1482 Misc. Spald. C. II. 324.
A lytil haddok vij pennyis, a kellyn xxx pennyis
1597 Aberd. Council Lett. I. 69.
Hering and kelling being hazardus warres and subiectit to mony inadventures

b. Attrib. with barrell, handilling (= hand-line), tre, also head. 1548 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 259.
xviij keling barrellis
1594 Orkney & Shetl. Rec. I. 218.
Ilk boitt that sall happin to cum within the said cuntrey to the keiling handillingis allanerlie with thair land lyer sall pay [etc.]
15.. Aberd. B. Rec. MS. (Jam.).
Knappel & keling treis
proverb. a1628 Carmichael Prov. No. 976.
I wald aw your kin were keilin heads, and ye were wirried on the baines

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"Keling n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 Feb 2024 <>



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