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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1963 (DOST Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Knapholt, Knap(p)ald, Knap(p)el(l, Knap(p)le, n. Also: knaiphoult, knaphult, -hold, -holl, -halt, -hald, -held; knappold, cnapold, knappoll, -eld; cnappell, knappill; knappilt; and Knappet(t, Knappart, Knaphard. [Corresp. to late ME. and e.m.E. clappalde (1477), -olte (1481–90), clapholt (1614), -hoult (1660), MLG. klapholt, MDu. klapholt, clap-, klaphout, with kn- for cl- as in e.m.Da. knapholt (16th c.) beside klapholt (and cf. also Knarholt). (Cf. Knapburd, Knapwood.)]

Clapboard, the smaller size of split oak (in contrast with the larger size known as ‘wainscot’).Imported from Scandinavia and the Baltic and used chiefly by coopers for barrel-staves and as panelling or boarding.a. A piece or board of clapboard. b. Commonly without article as the name of the substance or uninflected as a collective plural.The shortened form holt occurs in: 1582 Dundee Shipping L. 206.
Twa hundreth holt
a. 1496 Treas. Acc. I. 278.
For ixc knappaldis iiij li. xs.
Ib. 285.
For leding of ixc knapholtis furth of Leith
1550 Reg. Great S. 105/1.
6 lie steikkis de wanscott, … pretium pecii 8 sol., 1800 mensas lie knapaldis, pretium per cent. 40 sol.
1563–4 Edinb. O. Acc. I. 449.
For xxx knappaldis to be tennors … xxx s.
Ib. 450.
For bringing of the burdis and knappaldis fre Leyth vjs.
1583 M. Works Acc. (ed.) 313.
Ane hunder cnappellis to syllowr the foirsaid midhows
1610 Glasgow Trades House 31.
For ane knappell to be twa heidis to the buird
1613–4 M. Works Acc. (ed.) 342.
For ane knapald to be thame [sc. tua grit double windok brodis]
b. (a) 1489 Exch. R. X. 144.
Et de x s. de custuma mille tabellarum dictarum knapholt
1496 Treas. Acc. I. 290.
To cary the knapholt in his bote oure the reych
1553–4 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 345.
For ane dosone of knaphald xxvjs.
1581 Dundee Shipping L. 204.
Ane schip … from Norroway contenand xxv hundreth knaphold
1582 Ib. 208.
A hundreth gryt knaphold
1582 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 120.
xiij wanscott at xxx s. the pece, … for v knaiphoult and ane half at iis. the pece
1614 Dundee Shipping L. 251.
Sex hundreth knapholt
1615 Lett. & St. P. Jas. VI 245.
Scottis schippis can not convenientlie serue for the importing of waynscott, knaphult, tar, … as Dutche schippis
1624–5 Misc. Spald. C. V. 101.
For glasbandis of knapholl
1635 Aberd. Council Lett. II. 32.
As for the Danskyn tred … we have no importatioun … except some lint, hardis, and knaphalt
1638 Dunferm. B. Rec. II. 183.
Tua buirdis of fir with the standert thairof of knapheld
(b) 1477 Aberd. B. Rec. I. 408.
Threttene knappold
1546 Treas. Acc. VIII. 454.
To the capitane of Dunbar … iiijc knapald the jc xxxiiij s.
1564 Inverness Rec. I. 118.
1568 Edinb. D. Guild Acc. 6.
The expensis made vpoun the Regentis sait. For ane dozan knappald xviii s., … ane hale cut of ane wanescot to be the heid to the chyre
1603 Reg. Great S. 515/2.
Ilk hundreth Danskene knappoll, Edinburgh 4 penneis … and the Noroway knappald Edinburgh 2 penneis … and the dowbill knappald to pay the dowbill of Danskene knappald
1610 Edinb. Test. XLVI. 120 b.
Fyve hundreth knappeld
1612 Bk. Rates (Halyb.) 290.
Boords called ... knappald of Norway ... knappald of Quenisbrig or dowble knappald ... , single knappald or Trailsound knappald
1612 Conv. Burghs II. 375.
Impost … Waynscote the hundreth iij s., the thousand knappald iiij s., the hundreth daills and all uther timbar xij d.
1643 Edinb. B. Rec. VIII. 31.
1692 Conv. Burghs IV. 598.
William Grig, from Dantzick with lint and cnapold
(c) 15.. Aberd. B. Rec. MS. (Jam.).
Knappel & keling treis
c1575 Balfour Pract. 88.
The great hundreth knapple, contenand xxiiij small hundrethis, is twa last
1603 Stirling B. Rec. I. 104.
Ilk hundreth knapple, sex penneis; ilk pece of wainscott, ane penny
1626 Edinb. Test. LIII. 274 b.
Ten ryng of knappill extending to tua thowsand knappill
1641 Acts V. 417/2.
That the whole couperes … make the said sallmond barrelles of good and sufficient new knappell … without worme holles and whyte wood
1658 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 410.
To buy … some knappill to be ane pulpitt to the Laigh Kirk
1667 Edinb. B. Rec. X. 26.
For eatch hundred Burdeaux knaple eightein shilling; for eatch hundred knaple piple lenth tuo pund eight shilling
1670 Reg. Privy C. 3 Ser. III. 176.
That … clapboord. knappell, shewhoopes [sic] etc. … shall be frie of custome
1673 Dundee B. Laws 159.
90 pieces of knappill at 12 s. per piece
1692 Conv. Burghs IV. 153.
That all casks be made of weell seasoned knaple or oaken timber … the step or stave of a … sufficient thicknes of knaple
1693 Acts IX. 260/1.
1701 Glasgow B. Rec. IV. 339.
To Francis Stevensone for 164 knapple … [£. 203] Item, to Robert Dickie for 5 knapple [£. 15]
1703 Stirling B. Rec. II. 348.
Payed for … cariage of a great manie dealls and tries, single and duble knapple … to the said new work
(d) 1594 Exch. R. XXII. 425.
[8s., of certain wood called] knappilt nurry

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"Knapholt n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 5 Mar 2024 <>



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