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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1983 (DOST Vol. V).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Os-, Oismond, -mound(e, -mont, n. Also: osemond, os-, ozmund, osmwnde, oysmond, ois-, oysment. [ME. osemond (1280), ME. and e.m.E. osmund(e (1348), osmond(e (1376), med. L. osemondum (1284), osmondum (1397), of Swed. or LG. origin: OSwed. osmunder (1340) in osmunds-iærn, MLG. osemunt, -mund.]

A superior quality of iron imported from the Baltic ‘in very small bars or rods’. Also plur. in the collective sense. 1426 Exch. R. IV. 412.
Preter tresdecim barellas de osmond
1582 Wedderb. Compt Bk. 207.
Hes schip cum from Danskene contenand v last oismond
1597 Bk. Rates MS. 6 b.
Inuarte custumes … irne callit oismond the stane … viij s. viij d.
plur. 1553 Dundee B. Ct. II. 219b (12 Apr.)
Sex barrellis osmundis
1577 Perth Hammermen 102.
Thta na smyth draw nor wirk osmound irne nor draw it in gaddis to be sauld be merchandis sic as hard osmoundis, the quhilk is sauld for steill in the countrie and sua the Kingis leigis are decevit
1584 Edinb. Test. XIV. 113 b.
Tua stane & ane half of osmontis price of the stane xiij s.
1596 Wedderb. Compt Bk. 71.
Half a quarter to be warit on Suadins gad iron and oismontis equaly
1599 Exch. R. XXIII. 315.
26 s. of 60 stones iron called oismontis
1615 Wedderb. Compt Bk. 263.
j barrell of oismonds
1622 Brechin Test. IV. 63.
Fourtie thre stanis ten pund lous iron oismentis

b. Comb. in osmond-irne, also osmond-ware, id.(1) 1445 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 8.
Of the last of osmounde [pr. esmounde] irne viij d.
1447 Dundee Chart. 24.
Osmwnde y[rne]
1552 Dundee B. Ct. II. 155 (23 May).
Ozmund irn
1574 Edinb. Test. III. 92 b.
lx stanes of osmond irne … xxx stanes of hous irne
1583 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 303. 1585 Perth B. Ct. 20th July.
For danskin and osmond irne
1594 Wedderb. Compt Bk. 132.
To wair 8 gudlenis no pes or osmond iron
1609 Hilderstoun Silver Mines I. 194.
For sevin pund wecht of osmond irne to mend pikis … at ij s. the pund
(b) 1567 Edinb. Test. 27.
Threttene … stanis of osmont irne, price of the stane … sevin s.
(c) 1482 Edinb. Chart. 168.
Of the hundreth widde of oismond irne … cumand to Leith
1538–41 Aberd. B. Rec. MS. XVI. (Jam.).
Twa barrellis of oysmond irne
1547 Treas. Acc. IX. 114.
Oismound irne
1601–2 Montrose Treas. Acc. 6 b.
For ane quarter and xij vnce off oismond yrne to the mill v s. iiij d.
(d) 1583 St. A. Test. II. 21.
Four scoir stanis of oismont iron, price of the stane xij s. vj d.
1593 Brechin Test. I. 113.
Oisment yrone
1601–2 Montrose Treas. Acc. 6 b.
For four stane and halff and halff pund oismont yrne at xviij s. the stane
1610 Brechin Test. II. 102 b.
Oysment irone
(e) 1618 Wedderb. Compt Bk. 300.
The good ship … loadit with twentie sexe last osemond irone
(2) 1567 Edinb. Test. 29 b.
Ane barrell … of osmound ware

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"Osmond n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 28 Jan 2023 <>



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