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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Caf(f, Calf, n. Also: cafe, caffe, caiff, cauf; calfe, calve. [Northern ME. caf, caffe, ONhb. *cæf, OE. ceaf.] Chaff.(a) a1500 Henr. Fab. 1845 (B).
Into this caffe scraip quhill ȝour nailis bleid
Ib. 1888.
This carll … Sawand this caff
1473 Reg. Cupar. A. I. 171.
Half a chalder of horscorn … the caf purgit cleyn fra it
Ib. 181.
The cafe cleyn tane fra it
1477 Ib. 206.
Four bollis of atis … , the kaf clangit fra thame
1508 Ib. 280.
Ane bol of horse corne, … the caff clene clengit away
1513 Doug. viii. Prol. 155.
Quhy the corn hes the caf
1540 Lynd. Sat. 3531.
Thy words war nather corne nor caiff
1560 Rolland Seven S. 1383.
Quhair thay best culd … clenge the caffe out fra the corne
1562-3 Winȝet II. 53/6.
The wecht of the corne and lychtnes of the caf
1572 Inverness B. Rec. I. 211.
Quhilk horse has … deit … efter thai had giffin him caff and draff efter the watter
1581 Burne Disput. 141.
Als licht as … caff quhilk is blauin auay vith the vind
a1598 Ferg. Prov. 6 b.
Every land hes the lauch, and everie corne hes the caffe
Ib. 14.
Kings caff is worth other mens corne
1602 Colville Parænese 29.
As a barn or stak vharin doth appear no thing outvardly bot caf and stra
(b) a1500 Henr. Fab. 1837 (B).
Thir small birdis seand the calf was gled
1572 Sat. P. xxxviii. 95.
So weid the calf from the corn
1581 Hamilton Cath. Tr. 122 b.
Ane barne in the quhilk the calf and corne ar heipit to gidder
a1585 Maitl. Q. lxvi. 57.
He randers calf for my gud solid graine
1667 Melrose R. Rec. II. 172.
[21 threaves of bear straw] with the calfe
1695 Foulis Acc. Bk. 174.
For bear calfe to the kye

b. Attrib. with bed, bouster, midding, shovel. 1574 Edinb. Test. III. 81; 1582 Ib. XI. 210 b.
Ane fedder bed … ane calf bed
1586 St. A. Test. II. 53 b.
Twa caff beddis and ane nap bed
1605 Edinb. Test. XL. 205 b.
Sevin furneist beddis of fethers … thrie calff beddis
1607 Melrose R. Rec. I. 28.
William Ker … is decerneit to pay … xx s for ane cauf bede
1626 Edinb. Test. LIII. 255 b.
Tua fedder bedis … thrie caff bedis
1675 Old Edinb. Club Bk. VI. 129.
Ane fether bed, three calfe beds
1685 Soc. Ant. LVIII. 365.
A calve bed. A feather bouster
1582 Edinb. Test. XI. 210 b.
Ane … calf bouster with ane pair of scheittis
1615 Haddington Corr. 292.
Of feddar boustaris, ij; of calf boustars, iij
1634 Edinb. Test. LVI. 245.
Twa calff beddis, twa calff bousteris
c1500-c1512 Dunb. Tua Mar. W. 355.
The cappill, that the crelis kest in the caf mydding
1685 Soc. Ant. LVIII. 362.
An iron calve shivell

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"Caf n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 20 May 2024 <>



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