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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Candil(l, Candel(l, n. Also: candyll, candle, canell. [ME. candil, candel, OE. candel, condel, L. candēla.]

1. A candle. Also fig. (the sun). a1400 Leg. S. Prol. 109.
In to the nycht as candil clere
Ib. xlix. 86.
Slete & snaw … slokit that fyr … As men a candel suld haf done
1456 Hay I. 6/14.
As dois a grete torch [schyne] be a small litill candill
c1500-c1512 Dunb. G. Targe 4.
Wp sprang the goldyn candill matutyne
1502 Treas. Acc. II. 77.
On Candilmes day, to the kingis offerand in his candill
1549 Ann. Banff I. 24.
The candillis to be maid conforme to the price of the taucht
1554 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 202.
Efter his cumyng to the kirk to offer the said candill to Sanct Gelis lycht
1555 Ib. 354.
To beir the candillis about the funt
c1568 Lauder Minor P. v. 3.
The butterflie … to flie … dois nocht stint Unto the candle
1638 Glasgow B. Rec. I. 395.
To vnlaw … thais inhabitantis … wha did not put out candillis and bowattis the tyme of the lait assemblie

2. Without article, collectively or as a substance.Also made, Pask, talloun or tauch, wax candil. a1500 Henr. Fab. 202 (A).
Withoutin fyre or candill birnand bricht
c1515 Asl. MS. I. 220/23.
Bischope James Kennedy cursit solempnitlie with myter & staf, buke & candill
1497 Treas. Acc. I. 344.
jc candil
1508 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 118.
That thai make thair candill of guid and sufficient stufe bayth weik and talloun
1517 Ib. 171.
That nane … send any lads … vpoun the hie gaitt with ony candill to rowpe or to sell
c1536 Lynd. Compl. Bagsche 100.
That I may haue collatioun With fyre and candil in the place
1552–3 Edinb. B. Rec. II. 274.
For candill and turches at the rowping of the commone gude
1560 Rolland Seven S. 3309.
Blenks of candill … Maist like fireflauchts
1563-1570 Buch. Wr. 12.
For colis, candil, napre, and veschel
1583 Sempill Sat. P. xlv. 467.
For kaill, candle, and knocked beir, … He never payis ane penny
1612–3 Misc. Spald. C. V. 91.
For candill to the consell hous
1667 Aberd. B. Rec. IV. 241.
For scooll exactions, such as candle, bent-siluer, or any wther due

3. Attrib. or comb. with beirar, brod, buist, creill, fat, hous, licht, lowe, weke. 1610 Kynlos Abbey p. xi.
4 brase wall candell beiraris
1558–9 Edinb. Old Acc. I. 293.
For grathing of … the twa candill broddis
1589 Edinb. B. Rec. IV. 540.
Ane candill bwist
1627 Edinb. Test. LIV. 55 b.
Ane candill creill
1696 Foulis Acc. Bk. 197.
For 2 fish and 2 candle creiles
1647 Edinb. Test. LXIII. 114.
Candle fatts, weiks, and vther warklumes
1649 Glasgow B. Rec. II. 181.
The supplicatioune … for removing of the candilhoussis
1513 Edinb. B. Rec. I. 142.
That na vagand persoun be fundin on the gaitt after ix houris at ewin bot gif it be … with candill licht
c1552 Lynd. Mon. 2238.
They … eait that meit with candell lycht
1585 James VI Ess. .
Can candill lowe giue fyre a greater heit?
1519 Reg. Episc. Aberd. II. 174.
Five payr of riffyne schetis … for candilweikkis
1530 Lindores Chart. 30.
For candellwekis agan ȝoill
1561 Reg. Privy C. I. 172.
Ony uther gudis … , sik as bukis, cordis, candillwakis [etc.]

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"Candil n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 3 Dec 2022 <>



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