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A Dictionary of the Older Scottish Tongue (up to 1700)

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First published 1937 (DOST Vol. I).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

Clachan(e, Clauchan(e, n. Also: clachen, clachin(e. [Gael. clachan.] A hamlet or small village.(a) 1459 Reg. Great S. 154/1.
Villam de Quhittarne antiquitus Clachane nuncupatum
1580 Ib. 3/1.
Intra lie Clachan et villam de Cumnok
c 1587 Waus Corr. II. 402.
I purpois … to be in sen Johnis clachen at nicht
1596 Dalr. I. 46/22.
In Moray land in the kirk of a certane village or clachan named Petty
1602 Conv. Burghs II. 150.
Suffering thair burgessis and vther vnfremen … to remane and haue thair residence in the clachane of Manygoff
1604 Ib. 178.
Suffering ane nvmber of vnfremen to keip oppin merkettis … in the clachenis of Kylmacolm and the new kirk of Girnok
1606 Edinb. Test. XLI. 273.
The clachane of Glenluce
1608 Irvine Mun. II. 47.
That nane within burch keip liquere in ony clachan under the pane of xl lib.
1617 Acts IV. 541/2.
A speciall servant or factoure … who sal haue his remaning in sume certane hous within the parochin or in the nixt most ewest and adiacent clachane
1627 Rep. Hist. MSS., Var. Coll. V. 126.
The teiling and sawing of ane yard lyand in the clachan of Campsy
1640 Galston Kirk S. in Old Ch. Life 209.
Two of the elders … ordained to go throw the clachan at ten at night
a 1686 Turner Mem. 152.
We came to the old Clachan of Dalry
(b) 1581 Acts III. 222/2.
Sum noblemen [etc.] … passing to burrowis townis, clauchannis, and ailhousis with thair houshaldis
1599 Conv. Burghs II. 52.
Thair said brugh was alluterle depauperat be the merkettis and fairis, hantit and kepit at the unfre clauchan of Menygolff
1606 Edinb. Test. XLI. 272.
Margaret Mckennie in the clauchane of … Glenluce
1609 Skene Reg. Maj. 145.
Ilk man sall dwell in his awin house; and buirding of them within burrowes, clauchans, and aill-houses is discharged
1610 Conv. Burghs II. 288.
[The act] for trying and punisching Iohne Levingstoune and Iames Makcaddum … for thair unlawful traid at Sanct Iohnis clauchane
1642 Ayr Presb. in Old Ch. Life 59.
Thair could not ane audience be had in the clauchan

b. Attrib. with toun. 1608 Irvine Mun. II. 44.
Ony burgessis quha pass … to landwart kirkis and clauchane tounis
1622-6 Bisset II. 195/27.
At Larkgis, ane paroche kirk or clauchan toun on the sea coist

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"Clachan n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 12 Jun 2024 <>



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