Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology Cite this entry

AN(D), AN', conj.1 And is often written, but seldom so pronounced. [ɑn, ən, n]

1. Co-ordinating = St.Eng. and. Gen.Sc. Ayr. 1786 Burns Halloween ii.:
To burn their nits, an' pou' their stocks, An' haud their Halloween.

2. After an expression of feeling, often an exclamation, or a rhetorical question, an(d) is used in Sc. to introduce a circumstance by way of contrast or objection; this is in the form of an exclamatory sentence without a finite verb, and with the logical subject either in the nom. or in the obj. case. The latter is the modern colloquial use, the former occurs also in O.Sc. The usage is rare in St.Eng.; the instance in The Burial of Sir John Moore, cited in N.E.D., is perhaps influenced by a similar idiom existing in Anglo-Irish: That the foe and the stranger would tread o'er his head, And we far away on the billow. [O.Sc. towards end of 15th cent. Henryson Poems (S.T.S. 1906) II. 9: Pietie it war thow suld ly in this midding, . . . And thow sa fair.] Ayr. (?1791) (publ. 1808) Burns Ye Flowery Banks i.:
How can ye chant, ye little birds, And I sae fu' o' care?
Ayr. (publ. 1803) Burns Robin Shure ii.:
Play'd me sic a trick, An' me the Eller's dochter!

3. Conditional, or introducing an indirect question = if. Gen.Sc. Used as in Eng. dial. and (arch.) St.Eng. In condit. sentences if is sometimes added as in Eng. The full form and is also found. Sc. 1746 More Culloden Papers (1930) v. 81:
And any belonging me will not gladly acquiese, I shall be as much their Enemy as any.
Sc. 1818 S. Ferrier Marriage (1826) I. xxxv.:
See an ony of them'll rin a race wi' me.
Sc. 1887 R. L. Stevenson Merry Men iv.:
The gate they're gaun the noo, they couldnae win through an the muckle deil were there to pilot them.
Abd.(D) 1871 W. Alexander Johnny Gibb xi.:
Gin they wudna think it greedy-like, an't were kent.
Ayr. 1786 Burns Green Grow the Rashes i.:
What signifies the life o' man, An' 'twere na for the lasses, O.

4. Expressing a wish, with principal v. omitted. Sc. 1818 S. Ferrier Marriage (1826) I. xxxiv.:
There's nae freedom at a' in this country. Lord, an' I were oot o't!

[An, conditional, is freq. in O.Sc. from the 14th cent. In Mid.Eng. the form is and.]

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"An(d) conj.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 6 Dec 2021 <>



Try an Advanced Search

Browse SND: