Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
About this entry:
First published 1934 (SND Vol. I). Includes material from the 1976 supplement.
BANK, BANKS, BANGHS, Bankie, n.2 [bɑŋk Sc. but Sh. + baŋx(s)]
1. The place in a peat-moss whence peats are cut (S.D.D., Bnff.2, Bnff.7). Gen.Sc.Sh. 1918 T. Manson Humours Peat Comm. I. 10–11:
Will our Practical Member tell us how many women are needed to “raise” the peats taken out of a bank, thirty yards long, two feet wide, three peats deep, each working ten hours a day?
2. Gen. in pl., but sing. in meaning. A steep coast; precipitous rocks or cliffs along the seashore; also used of the seashore itself, and “of the grassy edge abutting on a flat beach” (Marw.).Sh.(D) 1891 Burgess Rasmie's Buddie 21:
Shü gae dee ta me at da banks [sea shore], An sed, “Quat says du, hinnie?”Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928):
Bank, edge, . . . (1) ledge in a peat-pit; (2) steep coast = Fær. bakki; comm. in pl.: banks.Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.:
Banghs, the seashore; precipitous seashore; the place at the shore where boats land and are drawn up.Sh.5 1932:
He his gaen oot alang da banks — a very steep banks.
Combs.: (1) banksflooer (see quot.); (2) banks-gaet, the way up or down a cliff, used fig. in quot. of any hard or difficult business, sc. like climbing up a cliff. See Gate, n., 2.; (3) banksgirse, Common Scurvy Grass; (4) bank-sparrow, the rock pipit, Anthus obscurus (Sh. 1891 Zoologist (Ser. 3) XV. 133).(1) Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.:
Banksflooer, thrift, sea-pink (Armeria maritima).(2) Sh. 1952 Robertson & Graham Grammar Sh. Dial. 14:
He'll be him a banks-gaet.(3) Sh. 1895 T. Edmonston Flora of Sh. 24:
Banksgirse — Cochlearia officinalis. Seashores and maritime cliffs, frequent.Sh. 1898 “Junda” Echoes from Klingrahool 16:
Where the tufted banksgirse waved, And the screaming seagull flew.
3. A raised shelf or ridge of ground.
(1) A foot-path or walk.Bnff.2 1933:
I keepit on the bank (or bankie) a' the wye, an' my feet's nae verra weet.Ags.6 1911:
Bank, a foot-path, usually one above the level of the ground on either side.
(2) The slope of a hill (gen. in pl.).
Hence banky, hilly, sloping. Now only dial. in Eng.Ags.1 1933:
In Angus, fields on a slope are called banks.w.Fif.4 1930:
The slopes of the hillsides hereabouts are often called banks — e.g. Bankhead at top of slope from Hawes Inn (not “Braehead” because, apparently, not on the road).Rxb. 1795 Stat. Acc.1 XIX. 116:
The lands are therefore very valuable, but rather unpleasant to labour, being banky in some places.
(3) The boundary-line of a farm.Sc. 1845 Stat. Acc.2 I. 141:
The division of a farm, if visible at all, was described by a bank or gaw fur, and except in seeding or reaping, marches were little regarded.
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"Bank n.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 8 Aug 2022 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/bank_n2>