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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1934 (SND Vol. I). Includes material from the 1976 and 2005 supplements.

BEGOOD, BEGOUD, Begouth, Begoot, pa.t. of begin, also used as pa.p. The verb freq. takes the auxiliary be instead of have with pa. p. Gen.Sc. for Eng. began. [bɪ′gud Sc.; also bɪ′guθ, but the latter is rare or arch.; bɪ′gut Sh. + bɪ′gud]Sc. 1718 Ramsay Chr. Kirke in Poems (1721) iii. i.:
Carles wha heard the Cock had craw'n, Begoud to rax and rift.
Ork.(D) 1880 Dennison Orcad. Sk. Bk. 14:
They begoot tae tear the gear oot o' the hooses like mad.
Cai.(D) 1909 D. Houston 'E Silkie Man 3:
'E ebb hed begood t' mak.
Abd. 1893 G. Macdonald Sc. Songs and Ballads 40:
Till the day begouth to daw.
Ags. 1896 J. M. Barrie Sentimental Tommy xxi.:
“Is that a' now?” whispered Corp. . . . “All!” cried Tommy. “Man, we've just begood.”
m.Sc. 1994 John Burns in James Robertson A Tongue in Yer Heid 27:
A saft rain begoud tae faa, the spots o rain makkin wee spoots o watter jaup up as they landit on the still surface o the Pool,...
Per. 1802 S. Kerr Sc. Poems, Songs, etc. 17:
My worthy friends did a' they cou'd To set me right, when they begoud.
Fif. 1894 J. W. McLaren Tibbie and Tam 110:
The dinner was sune dune, and . . . the harmony, as thae ca'd it, begoud.
Fif., Lth. 1926 Wilson Cent. Scot. 89:
A'm jist newly begoud.
Slg.3 1933:
He begouth to get better.
Hdg. 1801 R. Gall Poems (1819) 68:
Whan she begoud to crack her creed I've seen our chafts maist like to screed.
Ayr. 1887 J. Service Dr Duguid xviii.:
I had begood to my professional studies.
Dmf. 1777 J. Mayne Siller Gun (1808) ii. iv.:
They wha had corns, or broken wind, Begood to pegh and limp behind.
Uls.(D) 1879 W. G. Lyttle Readings by Robin 9:
I begood tae wunner in my ain mind if the lass wuz a Guid Templar.

Other forms:

1. Begude, beguid, begued; begade, by confusion with Gae, v. (Edb. 1901 J. W. McLaren Poems & Ballants 39). See P.L.D. § 35. [bɪ′gyd, bɪ′gød sn.Sc., m.Sc.]Ags.(D) 1894 J. B. Salmond My Man Sandy (1899) iii.:
We wasna weel startit afore he begude wi' his nonsense.
Slg. 1932 W. D. Cocker Poems 58:
When the sermon was ower, an' the people awoke, An' the gantin' an' hoastin' begued mang the folk.
Edb. 1773 R. Fergusson Sc. Poems (1925) 60:
Whan I had been fu' laith to rise, John than begude to moralize.
Rxb.(D) 1925 E. C. Smith Mang Howes an Knowes 23:
The motor dreiver . . . beguid o kirneen an caain eis injin.

2. Begud. [bɪ′gʌd ne.Sc.]Mry. 1830 Sir T. D. Lauder Moray Floods (1873) 231:
We soon begud to grow braw an' hearty.
Bnff. 1890 Trans. Bnffsh. Field Club (Dec.) 13:
We grew sae frichtit when we saw the Awen begud to rise.
Abd. 1893 G. Macdonald Sc. Songs and Ballads 58:
And the flauchterin' snaw begud to fa'.

[The chief O.Sc. forms from the 14th cent. onwards are begoud(e), begod, begud, begouth, begowth; beguith, beguth, becuth; beguid, begwid, beguld; begoud is also found as a pa.p. In O.Sc. can and gan (aphetic form for ongan, began) were interchangeable and the result of this association was that gouth and goud were formed on the analogy of couth and coud, the pa.t. of can. In Mod.Sc. the most common form for spelling and pronunciation is bigood. The gude, guid variants are due to contamination with adj. good or formed on the analogy of doublet forms in other words like rooseruize, aboonabune, boodbude, etc.; in some cases they are purely literary forms.]

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"Begood p.t.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 6 Oct 2022 <>



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