Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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BIDE, BYDE, v., intr. and tr. [bəid]; pa.t., bid, bed, bade, baed (baid) [bɪd, bed, bèd], pa.p. same as pa.t. + bidden. For other forms of pa.t. see Bed(d), v.3

1. intr.

(1) Dwell, reside. Gen.Sc. Sc. 1823 J. G. Lockhart Reg. Dalton I. 189:
May I take the freedom to ask if 'tis near this ye bide yourself, sir?
Sc. 1920 D. Rorie Auld Doctor 19:
'Twas in a wee bit but-an'-ben She bade when first I kent her.
Abd.(D) 1871 W. Alexander Johnny Gibb vii.:
An' ye've bidden a' thegither at Macduff, I'se warran'?
Gall. c.1870 J. F. Cannon in Bards of Galloway (ed. Harper 1889) 21:
An' there I hae bid syne we cam' frae the mune That shines owre oor heids, in the blue lift abune.

(2) Wait, stay, remain; remain in the same service; often with advs. such as awa', back. Abd.(D) c.1760 J. Skinner Ewie wi' the Crookit Horn in Amusements, etc. (1809) 64:
Or the fowmart might devour her, Gin the beastie bade awa.
Bch. 1928 (per Abd.15):
Foo bed ye sae lang?
Ags. 1897 “Fergus Mackenzie” Sprays of Northern Pine vii.:
When the term cam' roond I telt the mistress I wasna bidin'.
Fif. 1929 A. Taylor Bitter Bread 262:
And, faith, I'd as soon bide at home and get drunk on my ain claret.
Hdg. 1902 J. Lumsden Toorle, etc. 11:
Bide back! stand abeigh — there! I am to blame for this mysel'.
Arg. 1901 N. Munro Doom Castle iv.:
I was thinkin' it might be needful for me to bide up a while later.
Lnk. c.1779 D. Graham Writings (1883) II. 102:
They would be thick enough if ill hands and ill een baed awa' from them. vbl.n. byding, bidin', (a) staying; (b) dwelling; (c) lasting quality.
(a) Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore 46:
Well sall ye fare, as lang as ye byde here, Altho' your byding were for day an' year.
(b) wm.Sc. [1835] Laird of Logan (1868) 497:
Humble her bidin', and hamely her breedin'.
(c) Ags. 1846 A. Laing Wayside Flowers (1878) 144:
Hameart mak' is best o' wear, Thae market things they ha'e nae bidin'.

2. tr.

(1) Await, stay for. Gen.Sc. Sc. 1721 J. Kelly Proverbs 303:
The Dee'l bides his Day. Taken from a Supposition that the Devil, when he enters into a Covenant with a Witch, sets her a Date of her Life which he stands to. Spoken when People demand a Debt or Wages before it be due.
Sc. 1818 Scott Rob Roy xxi.:
“You walk late, sir,” said I. . . . “I bide tryste,” was the reply.
Bnff.(D) 1924 “Knoweheid” in Swatches o' Hamespun 39:
I'll bidena the licht o' morn.
Edb. 1844 J. Ballantine Miller of Deanhaugh 113:
I trust she's living to enjoy the gude fortune that bides her.

(2) Endure, stand. Gen.Sc. Ork.(D) 1904 W. T. Dennison Orcad. Sketches 26:
Tae see nater wirkan' sae sair i' the peur dumb crater, he could nae bide hid mair.
Rnf. 1806 R. Tannahill Poems and Songs (1876) 146:
To gang he could nae langer bide, But lay down by the bare dykeside.
Ayr. 1792 Burns Duncan Gray (Cent. ed.) iii.:
Slighted love is sair to bide.
Slk. 1889 “J. B. Selkirk” in Blackw. Mag. CXLVI. 563:
The changes that attack us Are no' sae ill to bide. vbl.n. bydings, sufferings.
Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore 81:
Let ne'er my fae be hauf so hard bestead, Or forc'd to byde the bydings, that I bade.

3. Phr. bide be.

(a) Abide by, adhere to. Sc. 1825 Jam.2:
I'll no bide be that agreement.

†(b) (See quot.) Not known to our correspondents. Sc. 1808 Jam.:
To bide be. To continue in one state. It is applied to one of an inconstant disposition. This phrase is variously used. Of a sick person, it is also said, that he does not bide be, when he seems to recover the one hour, and relapses the next.

[O.Sc. bide, byde, abide, O.E. bīdan, id., O.North. bīda.]

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"Bide v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 Feb 2020 <>



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