Show Search Results Show Browse

Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology

Abbreviations Symbols Cite this entry

About this entry:
First published 1941 (SND Vol. II).

CLADDACH, CLADACH, Cleddach, Cloddach, Cloddoch, Claudach, Cluddoch, n. and v. [′klɑdəx Abd., but Gall. + ′klɛdəx; ′klɔdəx Mry., Gall.; ′klʌdəx Ayr.; ′klɪdjɔx Dmf.]

1. n.

(1) The gravelly bed or margin of a river (Ayr. 1905 E.D.D. Suppl., cluddoch); “a shingly beach” (Gall., Wgt. 1887 Jam.6, claddach, cleddach). Jam.2 gives the forms clidyoch, clydyoch for Dmf.Gall. 1930 H. Maxwell Place Names of Gall. 69:
The term cladach is still in colloquial use among the people of Galloway. One day I was playing a salmon in the river Luce, while standing on a gravelly beach. My gillie, ready with the gaff, exclaimed “Bring him in to the cladach till I get the cleik intil him.”

(2) “A gravelly ford on the river Lossie” (Mry.1 1916, cloddach); “a ridge of gravel thrown up by the Spey” (Speyside 1918 (per Id.), claddach).

(3) A small heap of stones (Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 138, cloddoch).

2. v. To cover with gravel or stones.Abd. 1768 Strathbogie Records (per Mry.3):
A witneis remembers the spate breaking in on the Glebe of Mutlick and leaving growing Trees and claudaching the ground with gravel.

[Gael. cladach, shore, beach (MacLennan), “applied to a beach whether stony or sandy and sometimes in Badenoch to the pebbly stretches of the Spey uncovered save in flood” (R.B.); Irish cladach, a flat stony shore or sea-bottom (Dinneen).]

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Claddach n., v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 7 Oct 2022 <>



Hide Advanced Search

Browse SND: