Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
GAR, v.2 Also garr, gaur; gaar (Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.), gair (Wgt. 1880 G. Fraser Lowland Lore 100), gare (Abd.4 1931), ger (Sc. 1880 Jam.; Mry.1, Bnff.7 1927), gir (Gsw. 1860 J. Young Poorhouse Lays 189). Pa.t. and pa.p. gar(r)d, -t, gaur'd, -t, gair(r)t, -d; gert (Jam.2). [Sc. gɑ(:)r, but Ork., ne.Sc., Wgt. + ger, gɛr]
1. To make, cause; to force, compel, esp. to make (a person) do (something). Gen.Sc. (rare in Sh.). Common in n.Eng. dial.
Lnk. 1709 Minutes J.P.s (S.H.S.) 68:
He heard the said John Hutchisone answer that he would gar him make that out. Abd. 1739 in Caled. Mag. (1788) 503:
Nae twa there wadha gart him wallow, Wi' fair play i' the mud On's back that day. Edb. 1773 R. Fergusson Poems (1925) 60:
He gar'd ilk sinner sigh an' groan, And fear hell's flame. Ayr. 1791 Burns Tam o' Shanter 123–24:
He screw'd the pipes and gart them skirl, Till roof and rafters a' did dirl. Sc. 1820 Scott Monastery viii.:
The Sacristan . . . speaks as if he would gar the house fly abroad. Slk. 1820 Hogg Winter Ev. Tales II. 183:
Geordie was sae mad at Matthew for taigling him, an' garring him tine the fish. Bnff. 1856 J. Collie Poems 21:
When foreign foe e'er ventur'd near, To gaur us smart. Ork. 1880 Dennison Sketch-Bk. 9:
Sheu gar'd a' the servants come i' the ha' afore her. [p. 116, gaird.] Slg. 1935 W. D. Cocker Further Poems 68:
“Man's inhumanity to man” Still gars us grue.
Used quasi-adj. in the two following proverbs:
Sc. 1721 J. Kelly Proverbs 119:
Gar Wood is ill to grow. A return to them that say they will gar, that is, force you to do such a thing. Sc. 1847 R. Chambers Pop. Rhymes 280:
Gaur gerse is ill to grow.
Phrs.: ‡(1) gar-me-true (trew), n., a hypocrite, a pretender; a philanderer (Abd.13 1933); a make-believe (Abd.4 1929); also used attrib.; †(2) to gar (somebody) as gude, to retaliate, pay (a person) back in his own coin; cf. gie as gude s.v. Guid; ¶(3) to gar-believe, to make believe, pretend.
(1) Kcd. 1871 Stonehaven Jnl. (1 June) 3:
The brither an' wife made a gar-me-true mane They yalloched an' sought him through country an' town. Abd. 1898 Abd. Wkly. Free Press (25 June):
I never was a gweed gar me trew a' the days o' me. (2) Sc. 1749 Scots Mag. (Dec.) 606:
That's to learn him to meddle wi' me. I'll gar him as good as if he had na cuff'd my lugs. Sc. 1822 Scott F. Nigel xv.:
Impertinent coxcombs they are, that thus intrude themselves on the society of their betters; but your lordship kens how to gar them as gude. (3) Abd. 1916 G. Abel Wylins 67:
We needna gar-believe, Jean; There's things that winna hide.
†2. Used without an obj. and followed by the simple inf. without to: to cause, order something to be done, a construction very common in old ballads.
Sc. 1724 Ramsay T.T.Misc. (1876) I. 82:
O fy gar ride, and fy gar rin, And haste ye find these traitors again. Sc. 1816 Scott O. Mortality xxvii.:
An' the Whig Captain, Balfour, garr'd set up a gallows. Sc. a.1830 Gay Goshawk in Child Ballads No. 96 E xix.:
Gar call to me my seven bretheren, To hew to me my bier.
You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.
"Gar v.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 26 Sep 2020 <https://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/gar_v2>
Try an Advanced Search