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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1971 (SND Vol. VIII). Includes material from the 2005 supplement.
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

SOWP, v.2, n.2 Also soup. [sʌup]

I. v. tr. and intr. To soak, drench, saturate, seep (Sc. 1808 Jam.; Bnff., Kcd., Lnk., Dmf. 1971). Also in n.Eng. dial. Chiefly in ppl.adjs. sowpin (weet), sowpit, soaking, drenched (Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 176).Mry. 1806 J. Cock Simple Strains 117:
Quo' Meg, “the fint ane dry I'll get, They're soupet sae, wi' sna' an' wet.”
Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 176:
The rain souppit through the reef.
Abd. 1922 Swatches o' Hamespun 71:
I'm soupin' wi' sweat.
m.Sc. 1967 Scotsman (3 June) Suppl. 6:
A gorse spike, about two feet above the pressed, sowpit grass.
Abd. 1981 Christina Forbes Middleton The Dance in the Village 39:
I made up ma min' I'd jist mak for hame
It wis hardly a nicht tae dauchle
I wis sowpit an' sodden an' looked sic a sicht
An' ma sheen were beginnin' tae bauchle.

II. n. 1. Rain, wet weather (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.; Abd. 1930).Abd. 1734 Session Papers, Principal King's Coll. v. Forbes (11 June) 2:
If green Divots had been put thereon, they would, by the Soup of the Winter, have carried off the Couples and the whole Roof.

2. A state of wetness (Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 176); specif., a marsh, a bog, a wet spongy piece of ground (Abd. 1925).

3. Water for washing, lather, soapsuds (Lnk., sm.Sc. 1971). Comb. a dirty sowp, a quantity of water made dirty (Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.). Phr. to give (clothes) a sowp, to wash clothes.Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 432:
When washing, she [a washerwoman] gives the clothes her first sowp, and then again her second sowp; which means, first and second washes.
Kcb. 1897 A. J. Armstrong R. Rankine at Exhibition 26:
His dochter wad be nane the waur o' bein' ca'd through a warm sowp, ranged, wrung and hung oot to dry.
Kcb.4 1900:
When the sowp is nicely risen all over with soapy bubbles it is said to be freeth.

[O.Sc. soup, to soak, a.1508. Sc. form of Eng. sop, by the regular change of [ɔ] > [ʌu] before labials. Cf. Doup, Howp, and see O, 2. (2) (v).]

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"Sowp v.2, n.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 19 Jul 2024 <>



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