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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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About this entry:
First published 1934 (SND Vol. I). Includes material from the 1976 supplement.
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

BAT,1 BATT, n. and v. [bɑt]

1. n.

(1) A staple or loop of iron.Ags. 1761 in D. Grewar Story of Glenisla (1926) 154:
To William Nicol for batts to the bellhouse £1. 4.
Edb. 1704 Burgh Rec. Edb. (1967) 75: 
The raile upon the east syde [of St Giles steeple] neids severall batts and cratching.
Gsw. 1701 Records Burgh Glasgow (ed. Marwick 1908) 340:
Item, to James Stirling, merchan, for lead to fasten the batts of the doors.
Uls. 1880 W. H. Patterson Gl. Ant. and Dwn.:
Bats and bands, a description of rude hinges, consisting of a hook which is driven into the door-frame, and a strap with an eye which is nailed to the door, so that the door can at any time be lifted off its hinges. [Given also in J. Barrowman Sc. Mining Terms 8.]

(2) (See quot.)Sc. 1886 J. Barrowman Sc. Mining Terms 8:
Bats, sometimes used to denote the hard part of the holing under a seam.

(3) A lead wedge for securing lead flashings in the joints of masonry (Sc. 1972 J. Hastings Plumber's Companion 34). Comb. bat-hole, a crevice made in stonework for the insertion of batsSc. 1876 W. P. Buchan Plumbing 36: 
To hold the apron into the joints of the bricks, lead bats can be used in some good brickwork.
Per. 1843 Trans. Highl. Soc. 112: 
All bat-holes to be cut, and the beamfilling of wall-heads in rubble, with mortar, is likewise to be done by the mason.

2. v. (See quot.); to drive a lead wedge into masonry. Hence batting-iron, a blunt chisel used for this purpose (Sc. 1972 J. Hastings Plumber's Companion 34).Cai. 1905 D. Nicolson in E.D.D. Suppl.:
Bat. To fix against a wall, etc. with hold-fasts.
Fif. 1868 St Andrews Gaz. (23 May): 
The vane was struck down by the lightening, and one of the iron wire guy rods which was batted into the cope of the dyke torn out.

[O.Sc. bat(t), n., an iron bar; v. = to fix something with bats or with lead. O.Fr. batte, a club, prob. connected with Fr. battre, to beat.]

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"Bat n.1, v.1". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 Jul 2024 <>



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