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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1941 (SND Vol. II). Includes material from the 1976 supplement.
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

BODEN, BODIN, BOUDEN, ppl.adj. Also bowden, by confusion with Bowden, v; with weak ppl. suff. added, boddoned. Provided. [′bodɪn, ′bɔdɪn Sc.; ′bodən Sh.; ′bɔdnd Ork.]Sc. c.1704 Sir K. Mackenzie in Earls of Cromartie (ed. Fraser 1876) II. 414:
I was never worse boden of money.
Sc. 1820 Scott Monastery xxxiii.:
The Baron of Avenel never rides with fewer than ten jack-men at his back, and oftener with fifty, bodin in all that effeirs to war.
Ork. 1929 Marw.; Abd.22 1935:
Boden. Provided, equipped, fitted out.
Edb. 1773 Fergusson Poems (S.T.S.) II. 154, 213:
Are ye come here to shew your face, Bowden wi' pride o' simmer gloss? . . . While I shall yet on bien-clad tables stand, Bouden wi' a' the daintiths o' the land.

Phrases: (1) weel or ill boden, -boddoned, -bouden, well or badly provided, equipped; (2) weil-bodin the ben, well boden there ben, idem.(1) Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.; Sh.7 1935:
Is du weel boden a da penga [money]?
Ork.(D) 1904 Dennison Orcad. Sk. 2:
Folk wur no' sae weel boddoned o' claes i' that days.
Edb. 1772 R. Fergusson Sc. Poems (1925) 15:
He's no ill boden That gusts his gabb wi' oyster sauce, And hen weel soden.
Rnf. 1813 E. Picken Poems II. 1:
Weel bowden was her Harvest barn.
Ayr. publ. 1892 H. Ainslie Pilgrimage, etc. and Poems 306:
Weel bouden in bonnet and rachan, Our caigie auld curler sets out.
(2) Sc. 1737 Ramsay Proverbs 26:
He's well boden there ben, That will neither borrow nor len.
Sc. 1808 Jam.:
A young woman is said to be weil-bodin the ben, to be well provided before marriage, when she has laid in a good stock of clothes, etc., which are generally kept in the inner apartment of the house.

[O.Sc. bodin, pa.p. and ppl.adj.; O.E. boden, pa.p. of bēodan, to announce. Orig. sense prob. summoned to service, hence armed, hence provided. O.N. boðinn, ready, prepared for service, pa.p.of bjōða, to prepare, may be the origin of the Insular word.]

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"Boden ppl. adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 Jul 2024 <>



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