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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1941 (SND Vol. II). Includes material from the 1976 supplement.
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

CAMERONIAN, n. and adj.

1. n. (1) A follower of the doctrines of Richard Cameron, a noted Scottish Covenanter; a member of the Reformed Presbyterian Church. Hist. (2) A soldier in the Cameronian Regiment of the British Army, formed among the Cameronians or Whig party in the West of Scotland in support of William of Orange against the Jacobite cause after the flight of James II, whose troops they defeated at Dunkeld in 1689. The regiment is subtitled the Scottish Rifles. It was disbanded in 1968 from the regular army but survives as a Territorial Unit.(1)Sc. a.1715 G. Burnet Hist. Own Time (1724) I. 511:
The guards fell upon a party of them whom they found in arms, where Cameron one of their furious teachers, (from whom they were also called Cameronians) was killed.
Sc. 1717 D. de Foe Memoirs Church Scot. (1848) iii. 85:
If they heard casually but the least Report of a Man that he was a Whig or a Cameronian (for so they began now to be called) their way of Process was . . . to . . . drag him immediately out to the Street, and shoot him.
Sc. 1816 Scott O. Mortality xxi.:
But the tenets of the wilder sect, called, from their leader Richard Cameron, by the name of Cameronians, went the length of disowning the reigning monarch.
(2) Sc. 1727 P. Walker Remarkable Passages 58: 
Many good Men rose out of the Simplicity of their Hearts, and form'd that Regiment called the Cameronian Regiment.
Sc. 1953 J. Maclennan Scots of the Line 85: 
On July 24, 1947, the Cameronians received the freedom of the Burgh of Lanark.

2. adj. Pertaining to the Reformed Presbyterian Church.wm.Sc. 1835–1837 Laird of Logan II. 207:
At a twa-handed crack, he's as grave and sedate as a Cameronian elder.
Kcb. 1894 S. R. Crockett Raiders v.:
Then I minded that the Maxwells of Craigdarroch . . . and even the dour Cameronian father, were said to be deeper in the Gentle Traffic, as it was called, than any others in the locality.

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"Cameronian n., adj.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 Jul 2024 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/cameronian>

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