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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1952 (SND Vol. III).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

ENDLANG, prep., adv., adj., v. Also enlang, enlong. Sc. forms and usages of Eng. (now obs. or arch.) endlong.

1. prep. Along, from end to end of, across.Sc. 1718 Ramsay Chr. Kirk iii. iv. in Poems (1721):
Thir Tangs may be of Use; Lay them enlang his Pow or Shin.
Sc. 1722 W. Hamilton Wallace vii. ll. 744–7:
Out thro' the Moor his Men does bravely lead, Into a Strength, which Service did indeed, Enlong the shoar, Three in the Front they past, Till all the Men March'd safely up at last.
Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 199:
I came enlang the brig.
Rxb. 1825 R. Wilson Hist. Hawick 343:
Endlang Pilmuir-rig we'll canter.

2. adv. (1) of position: lengthwise; at full length (Bnff., Abd., m.Lth., Rxb. 1950); †(2) of time or speech: on end, continuously; †(3) of motion: one after another, in quick succession.(1) Sc. 1822 Scott F. Nigel v.:
But for our admirable sitting, wherein we have been thought to excel maist sovereign princes, as well as subjects, in Europe, I promise you we would have been laid endlang on the causeway.
Sc. 1827 R. Chambers Hist. Rebellion 128:
Each of whom had no other weapon than the blade of a scythe fastened endlong upon a pole.
(2) Sc. 1815 Scott Guy M. xi.:
“He's but a dumb dog, that” observed the Deacon; “I have heard that he never could preach five words of a sermon end-lang, for as lang as he has been licensed.”
(3) Fif. 1827 W. Tennant Papistry Storm'd 125:
Up than, as fast as they were able, They bangit endlang frae the table.

Hence enlangwyse, adv., lengthwise (Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 223); and phr. at end lang, at full length.Mry. 1804 R. Couper Poems II. 83:
And Tammy's honour forthwith lay, At end lang on the green.

3. adj. At full length, from end to end (Sc. 1825 Jam.2, enlang; Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928), endlang).Kcb. 1789 D. Davidson Seasons 27:
And cocking, takes An enlang aim, to hit baith lugs an' tail.

4. v. “To harrow the ridges in a field from end to end; as opposed to thortering” (Cld. 1825 Jam.2; Bnff.2 1943). Vbl.n. en(d)langin', “the act of harrowing a field along the furrows” (Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 223, endlangan).Kcb.4 1927:
The first process in harrowing across the furrows is thorterin', the second at right angles to the first is swappin' and the final process is enlangin'.

[O.Sc. endlang, prep. and adv., from 1375; the form is prob. derived from O.N. endlangr, adj.; cf. Mid.Eng. endelong. The prep. usage, however, originates in O.E. andlang, Eng. along, along(side).]

Endlang prep., adv., adj., v.

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"Endlang prep., adv., adj., v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 21 Jul 2024 <>



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