Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)
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First published 1956 (SND Vol. IV). Includes material from the 2005 supplement.
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.
FAULD, n.1, v.1 Also faul, fald, fa(u)d. Sc. forms of Eng. fold, a bend, to bend, etc. [Sc. fǫ:ld but n.Sc., sm.Sc. fɑ:l, Ags., Per. fǫ:d. See P.L.D. § 64.1.]
I. n. 1. A strand (of rope) (Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928), fald; Sh., Ork., Bnff., Abd., Ags. 1950).Ork. c.1912 J. Omond 80 Years Ago 9:
Four or five faulds of straw simmons twisted together.Abd. 1925 A. Murison Rosehearty Rhymes 3:
His veins like the fauls o' a rape stickin' oot.
2. A layer.Cai.1 1928:
She spread 'e baunag wi' a guid faul o' croodie.
‡3. A folding-seat.Per. 1918 J. Meikle Old Session Bk. 206:
The elders' pew in the nineteenth century was a “faud” in front of the first pillar.
Sc. forms of Eng. fold. Also ppl adj.Slg. 1991 Janet Paisley in Tom Hubbard The New Makars 129:
Well, she faulded her airms, sniffs as if she's in pain.
'Maggie,' she says, 'don't you ever sweer in here again.'Ags. 1994 Mary McIntosh in James Robertson A Tongue in Yer Heid 149:
Jist tae lat aabody ken she wis nane pit aboot by the hale tirr-wirr. Twa can play at that gemm so I fauded my face intae quaitness an speired hoo she wis daein.Lnk. 1997 Duncan Glen From Upland Man 8:
Only auld shune are left hung on strippit waws
for luck. Fauldin doors are being pit up
the haill lang length o the stables.
1. To shut, close (a door (Sc. 1887 Jam.), a clasp knife, the eyes, the fist, etc.). Ppl.adj. ¶fau'd.Cai. 1776 Weekly Mag. (25 Jan.) 145:
Troth, Branky, man, I hinna faul't my een Since here I left you havrin' late the streen.Slk. 1822 Hogg Poems (1874) 414:
The bonnie lucken gowan Has fauldit up her e'e.Ayr. 1822 H. Ainslie Pilgrimage 100:
Their joctelegs being wiped, “faulded”, and lodged in their pockets.Rxb. 1847 H. S. Riddell Poems 283:
These taits o' gowden hair, Aboon thy faulded eye.Fif. 1864 W. D. Latto T. Bodkin xii.:
I juist liftit my fau'd neive, an' . . . lent the chield wha had collared me a wallop.Ags. 1880 J. E. Watt Poet. Sketches 58:
His big fauldin' whittle, an' ither queer tools.Kcd. 1929 J. B. Philip Weelum o' the Manse 16:
The would-be antagonist “coordied at aince and jist fauldit in like a joktileg.”
2. To double up, bend under one, of the limbs (Sh.10, Ags.19 1951). Obs. in Eng. since 15th cent. Fig.: to lie at peace, motionless.Edb. 1798 D. Crawford Poems 54:
But, Ritchie, tho' I'm wearing auld, An' my twae limbs are like to fauld.Per. 1878 R. Ford Hamespun Lays 104:
Her tongue ne'er fauds, be't ear' or late — I kenna' hoo it hings thegether.
3. Phr.: to fauld a (one's) fit (Bnff., Abd. 1950), houch (Ags., Per. 1950), to sit down, to rest.Sc. 1725 Ramsay T.T. Misc. (1733) 120:
Thou falds thy feet, and fa's asleep, And thou'lt ne'er be like my auld goodman.Ags. 1833 J. Sands Poems 118:
Hunger's angry rage forbade On sic a trip our houghs to faud.Abd. 1871 W. Alexander Johnny Gibb xxx.:
I'm seer ye hinna faul't yer fit i' my hoose this towmon.Per. 1904 R. Ford Hum. Sc. Stories (2nd Series) 108:
Awa' Wattie hied . . . nor faldit a houch.Bnff. 1927 E. S. Rae Hansel fae Hame 46:
It's roch the furth; I needna speir — Ye'll faul your fit and tak' a rist?
III. Combs.: †1. fauld board, the hinged book-board of a tent or open-air pulpit; 2. twa-fad, bent double. See Twa.1. Dmf. 1867 Trans. Dmf. and Gall. Antiq. Soc. III. 54:
It was a great advantage to lean over the fauldboard and glance at all around, making some allusion to the sleeping dust beneath.
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