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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1956 (SND Vol. IV).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

FOLE, n. Also foal, †phoal. A small, soft, thick oatcake (Ork. 1808 Jam., foal, 1845 Stat. Acc.2 XV. 96), sometimes made with the last piece of dough in the dish (Ork.5 1952, efter fole), or baked specially for a child (Ork. 1929 Marw.). Hence livery fole, a bannock containing chopped fish liver (Ork.1 1942). [fo:l]ne.Sc. 1714 R. Smith Poems 81:
They can get Cheese to eat, With Butter and good Phoal.
Ork. 1893 Sc. Antiquary VII. 21:
Chapped heads and livery foals (cakes made of fish livers, still used in Orkney).
Ork. 1900 E.D.D.:
The soft gingerbread biscuits covered with small sugar-coated caraway seeds, bought at fairtime, were known as “sweetie foals” [Ork.5 1952, “obs. since 1939”].
Ork. 1931 J. Leask Peculiar People 132:
A peerie puckle o' male — jeust aneuch tae mak twa peerie foles or a snoddy o'.

[Of doubtful orig. ? Cf. Gael. foil, to roast hastily, foileag, a hurriedly toasted cake.]

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"Fole n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 14 Apr 2024 <>



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