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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1956 (SND Vol. IV). Includes material from the 1976 supplement.
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

FOLM, v., n. [fɔlm]

I. v., tr. and intr. To turn upside down, to capsize (Abd. 1825 Jam.; Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 50). Also with up (Jam.).Bnff. 1866 Gregor D. Bnff. 50:
The boat folmt an' a' the men wiz droont.

II. n. (1) Something that rolls or seems to roll over and over, a billow, wave, lit. and fig. (2) Something that upsets the stomach (ne.Sc. 1911 S.D.D.).Abd. 1906 Banffshire Jnl. (26 June):
When “folms o' mist” wad fill the house.
Abd.7 1925:
A folm of heat; a folm of pain; and the mist coming up the hollows in folms.

[A ne.Sc. form of Eng. whelm, without the metathesis seen in Fummle, v.2, n.2, Whummle. For the -o- see P.L.D. §§ 56, 27.1.]

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"Folm v., n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 23 May 2024 <>



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