Show Search Results Show Browse

Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

Hide Quotations Hide Etymology

Abbreviations Cite this entry

About this entry:
First published 1956 (SND Vol. IV).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

GRAIN, v., n.3 Also grane, graen, †grean; †gren (Abd. 1832 W. Scott Poems 22). Gen.Sc. forms of Eng. groan. See P.L.D. § 32. [gre:n]

I. v. 1. intr. (rarely tr.). As in Eng., to utter a low sound expressive of grief or pain (Fif., Lth. 1926 Wilson Cent. Scot. 245; Bnff., ‡Abd., Ags., ‡Per., Peb., Dmf., Rxb. 1955). Now mainly liter. Also fig.Sc. c.1700 Orpheus Caled. (1733) I. 88:
She main'd and she grain'd out of Dollor and Pain, Till he vow'd he ne'er wou'd see me again.
Sc. 1725 Ramsay Gentle Shepherd i. i.:
What ails thee, Roger, then? what gars thee grane?
Edb. 1773 R. Fergusson Poems (1925) 29:
The lawyer's skelfs, and printer's presses, Grain unco sair wi' weighty cases.
Ayr. 1785 Burns Death and Dr H. xxiv.:
The creature grain'd an eldritch laugh.
Sc. 1816 Scott Antiquary xii.:
I'se warrant, I might grane my heart out or ony body wad gie me either a bane or a bodle.
Slk. 1820 Hogg Winter Ev. Tales I. 132:
A' you that mak a fike an' a cant about religion, an' grane, an' pray.
Rxb. 1847 J. Halliday Rustic Bard 170:
The muse is like to spleet her jaws, Wi' gauntin', greanin' och's an ah's.
Abd. 1920 C. Murray Country Places 16:
Drift oxter-deep haps Bennachie Aneth its birn graens ilka tree.
m.Sc. 1927 J. Buchan Witch Wood xi.:
She was granin' and greetin' like a bairn.

Comb.: †groaning-loaf, -malt, a loaf baked or ale brewed for a confinement and eaten or drunk by friends to celebrate the birth.Sc. 1736 Caled. Mercury (28 Oct.):
His wife lay in Child-bed, and they should eat a Mouthful of the Groaning-loaf.
Sc. 1815 Scott Guy M. iii.:
Meg Merrilies descended to the kitchen to secure her share of the “groaning-malt.”
Uls. 1836 W. Carleton Fardorougha 19:
The distribution of the blythe meat and groaning malt.

2. intr. To complain, to grumble; to be ailing (Cai., Ags., Rxb. 1955). Also grainach; grenach (Bch. 1911 Abd. Weekly Jnl. (20 Jan.); Abd.4 1931).Sc. 1737 Ramsay Proverbs (1750) 6:
A graining wife and a grunting horse ne'er fail'd their master.
Sc. 1816 Scott O. Mortality xiv.:
The tane was aye graning about giving tribute to Caesar.
Fif. 1864 W. D. Latto T. Bodkin xxxvi.:
He has been in a grainin' way for mony lang, an' on Munnonday nicht he wore awa.
Sh. 1886 G. Temple Britta 246:
'Twas for her faither maist that she girned and grained.
Abd. 1920 People's Jnl. (18 Sept.) 12:
A hantle o' the fermers are pleased wi' their crap, but few o' them will say as muckle. They're mair apt tae grainach aboot the corn that's nae there.

II. n. A groan (Abd.7 1925; Fif., Lth. 1926 Wilson Cent. Scot. 245; Ags., Per., Fif., Peb., Dmf., Rxb. 1955).Abd. 1768 A. Ross Helenore 43:
As he is chamber'd up he hears a grain, As of a bodie making heavy main.
Ayr. 1786 Burns Twa Dogs 193–194:
They've nae sair-wark to craze their banes, An' fill auld-age wi' grips an' granes.
Ags. 1790 D. Morison Poems 130:
Fool gouk to think that granes wou'd gain ane's love.
Sc. 1816 Scott B. Dwarf x.:
Eh, Lord! I wish he may be weel, that was a sair grane.
Gall. 1901 Trotter Gall. Gossip 44:
He clappit his han's on his stammack an loot oot an awfu grane.
Bch. 1929 J. Milne Dreams o' Buchan 28:
Nor greet nor grane could ease the pain, Troth, I could hardly bear't.

[O.Sc. has grane, grain(e), grayn(e), (to) groan, from 1375.]

You may wish to vary the format shown below depending on the citation style used.

"Grain v., n.3". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 24 May 2024 <http://www.dsl.ac.uk/entry/snd/grain_v_n3>

13393

snd

Hide Advanced Search

Browse SND:

    Loading...

Share: