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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1956 (SND Vol. IV).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

GRIND, n. Also grinnd. [grɪnd]

1. A gate or passage, gen. through a wall or enclosed space in the open, “a gate, consisting of horizontal bars, which enter at each end into hollows in two upright stakes, or in adjoining walls” (Sh., Ork. 1825 Jam.; Sh. 1914 Angus Gl.; Ork. 1929 Marw.). Often found in place-names (Jak.).Sh. c.1733 P.S.A.S. (1891) 197:
That none big up accustomed grinds or passages through towns, or any way close up the king's high road, under pain of £10. . . . These grinds are chiefly in the turf-walls that divide the arable lands from the commons, or scatholds.
Sh. 1771 Old-Lore Misc. III. ii 102:
Then along the remains of an old stone dyke that joins the hill dyke twixt Umboth and Bracknagarth, so over to the dyke of Hogaland below the grind thereof.
Ork. 1814 Lockhart Scott (1837) III. 207:
The gates, or grinds, as they are here called, are usually of ship planks and timbers.
Sh. 1822 S. Hibbert Descr. Sh. 463:
Every neglect of closing a grind or wilful act of breaking down, or even scaling a dike, was liable to a fine of 40s. Scots.
Ork. 1867 in G. Barry Hist. Ork. xviii.:
The hill-dykes, formed of turf, crossed these rude tracts at intervals of miles, and a narrow opening in the turf-wall, which went by the name of the grind or slap.
Sh. 1916 J. Burgess Rasmie's Smaa Murr Janniwary 8:
It's ill ta get a grice trouw a grinnd.
Sh. 1949 New Shetlander No. 17. 15:
The grinnd, swinging in its wooden harr, had been repaired bar and stoop time and again.

Comb.: hill-grind, a gateway giving access from the hill-pasture to the enclosed arable lands.Sh. 1908 Old-Lore Misc. I. vii. 268:
“Okkragert” is enclosed land that has had a crop on it, and when the harvest was all “idda yaurds” the “hill-grinds” were removed, and the creatures from the common were allowed the run of the “toon.”
Sh. 1916 J. Burgess Rasmie's Smaa Murr Jöne 30:
Der some youws 'at's aye keekin trouw da hill-grinnd.

2. The rectangular wooden frame around which is wound the angling-line, used in boat-fishing (for mackerel and coalfish), to which the hooks are fixed (Sh. 1908 Jak. (1928)).Sh. 1899 J. Spence Folk-Lore 244:
Da grind wi' da skoags, da skönes, an' da glaan wir a' laid i' da nabert locker i' da eft room.

[O.Sc. has grind, in sense 1., 1615; O.N. grind, a gate made of spars or bars, a fence, Norw. grind, gate, wicket, dial. also = barrier, frame.]

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"Grind n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 12 Jun 2024 <>



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