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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1960 (SND Vol. V).
This entry has not been updated but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

KNED, v., n. Sc. form of Eng. knead (Per. 1915 Wilson L. Strathearn 39; Per., Fif., s.Sc. 1960). Ppl.adj. kne(a)d, kneddit. [(k)nɛd; s.Sc. næd]

I. v. 1. As in Eng. Comb. knead-cake, a thin cake of flour, baked and then roasted on the girdle (Rxb. a.1838 Jam. MSS. XI. 99).Ayr. 1873 A. Aitken Poems 57:
A weel kned butter'd bannock, O' guid oat meal.

2. To exhaust, tire out.Ags. 1902 E.D.D.:
He had a lot o' yowes to look efter, an' was fell sair kned wi' them.
Ags.2 1943:
I'm fair kneddit wi' thae blankets.

3. By extension, of animals: to breathe with effort, to pant (Cai. 1902 E.D.D., Cai. 1960).Cai.7 1942:
Fanever he began til kned, A geed for 'e vet.

II. n. Of an animal: short, laboured breathing (Cai. 1902 E.D.D., Cai. 1960).

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"Kned v., n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 1 Jun 2023 <>



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