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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1960 (SND Vol. V).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

KNOP, n. Also knoup. [(k)nop]

1. A lump on the skin, a callus. Obs. exc. dial. in Eng. from 16th c.Kcb. 1814 W. Nicholson Tales 90:
Or knops on's knees, worn hard as horn, Wi' lengthen'd kneelin's night and morn.

2. A knob, a button, a tassel; an ornamental projection.Sc. 1703 Foulis Acct. Bk. (S.H.S.) 319:
For 2 locks to the chamber at woodhall with brass knops . . . £7 0 0.
Gsw. 1740 Burgh Rec. Gsw. (1909) 514:
To William Tennent for gilding the cock, thanes and knoups of tolbooth steeple . . . £12 19 0.
Mry. 1768 Elgin Kirk Session Rec. (Cramond 1897) 341:
The Session has . . . four napkins with knops and two plain ditto for the communion bred.

Comb.: knop-tang(le), a species of sea-weed, Fucus nodosus (Sh. 1845 T. Edmonston Flora Sh. 53, 1886 B. and H. 548); “barnacles inshore, or attached to seaweed” (Sh. 1932 J. M. E. Saxby Trad. Lore 203).

[In O.Sc. knop, a knob, boss, 1494, a tassel, 1473; Mid.Eng. knop. Mid. Du. knoop, knoppe, a knot, node.]

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"Knop n.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Jul 2024 <>



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