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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1965 (SND Vol. VI). Includes material from the 1976 supplement.
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

LIME, n.1, v. Sc. usage: mortar, cement, the mixture of lime, sand and water used to bind stones together, esp. common in phr. stane and lime, masonry (Sc. 1782 J. Sinclair Ob. Sc. Dial. 122). Gen.Sc. Ppl.adj. †limed, built with mortar; deriv. limy, like cement, sticky.Sc. a.1734 E. Burt Letters (1815) II. 185:
The houses of the chiefs … are sometimes built with stone and lime.
Ayr. 1786 Burns Twa Brigs 101:
Your ruin'd, formless bulk o' stane and lime.
Sc. 1834 G. Smith Construct. Cottages 20:
It is of the utmost consequence that the lime used for pointing should be properly prepared. The slater's lime ought to be mixed up with pure sea or river sand … the coarser the sand, the more durable will the lime be.
Ayr. 1876 Maybole School Board Minutes MS. (31 May):
The Board became bound to enclose the whole feu with a fence of stone and lime.
Sh. 1895 Williamson MSS. (2 March):
Hit [snow]'s mair klammie an limy den da last wis; da last snaa wis mair hailie an skelvie.
Ork. 1915 Old-Lore Misc. VIII. i. 39:
Dey haed a grand hoose, wi' apstairs intil id, boy! an' limed waas.

Combs.: 1. lime-coal, a small coal used for lime-burning, “one of the grades into which the produce of coal-pits in the east of Scotland was in former times divided” (Sc. 1886 J. Barrowman Mining Terms 42; Ayr. 1961); 2. lime-craig, the working face of a limestone quarry (Sc. 1886 J. Barrowman Mining Terms 42; Fif. 1961). See Craig, n.1, 1. (4); 3. lime-dry, as dry as lime, bone-dry, parched (Per. 1915 Wilson L. Strathearn 211); 4. lime-red, mortar rubble, used as a soil-dressing. See Redd; ‡5. lime-shells, the unground lumps produced by burning limestone. Gen.Sc.; ‡6. limestone beads, calcined entrochites found in beds of limestone; 7. lime-wark, — work, a place where lime is worked and burned, a lime-kiln (Sc. 1825 Jam.; Ayr. 1961); 8. limewood, = 1. Cf. Wuid and Pan-wood; 9. shell-lime, = 5.1. Sc. 1777 Weekly Mercury (17 July) 48:
A coal of excellent quality from 6 to 7 feet thick, which contains dross, candle, smithy and lime coals.
2. Lnk. 1766 Caled. Mercury (5 July):
Within a Scots mile of a good going coal and not much farther from a lime-craig.
Sc. 1777 Caled. Mercury (28 July):
The proprietor has a right to work lime for the improvement of the estate in the lime craigs of Powhill and Muirend.
4. Abd. 1811 G. S. Keith Agric. Abd. 437:
The lime rubbish, provincially lime-red, of Aberdeen.
5. s.Sc. 1777 J. Anderson Essays I. 269:
In this state of burnt stone, it is in many cases distinguished by the name of lime-shells, or shell-lime, or simply shells.
Sc. 1795 Stat. Acc.1 VI. 202:
To strong land they give from 40 to 70 bolls of lime shells to the Scotch acre.
Ags. 1823 A. Balfour Foundling II. iii.:
He put the farm in grand order, baith wi' ditchin' an' drainin', forby ca'in' lime shalls.
Sc. 1845 H. Stephens Bk. Farm II. 669:
One ton of limestone, when thus burned, yields 11 cwt. of the cinder. The cinder is called lime-shells.
wm.Sc. 1948 Sc. Assoc. Master Bakers Year Bk. 71:
Another duty was the preserving of eggs in the summer time in lime water. Lime shells were bought, and these had to be slaked.
6. Lnk. 1793 D. Ure Rutherglen 319:
The Entrochi … by workmen in Kilbride they are more commonly called limestone-beads.
7. Inv. 1808 J. Robertson Agric. Inv. 41:
A lime-work belonging to Sir James Grant of Grant.
8. m.Lth. 1744–6 Bryan Pit Acct. Bk. MS. 6, 45:
By two Bearers at Cairrieing out Lymewood … By 3sh. 6d. to Wm. Young for Lymewood to My Lords Lyme Kilne.
m.Lth. 1782 Caled. Mercury (10 April):
There is great plenty of coal on said ground of the best quality, and one seam particularly is of so strong a quality that the refuse or limewood of it may be burnt into a fine cinder.

[O.Sc. lyme (and stane), from a.1400. ]

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"Lime n.1, v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 18 Apr 2024 <>



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