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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1968 (SND Vol. VII).
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

REENGE, v.2, n.2 Also reinge; ringe; range; rench, rensch (Sc. 1887 Jam.). [rinʒ, renʒ]

I. v. 1. To rinse, swill, flush with clean water (Sc. 1825 Jam.; Cai. 1904 E.D.D.; Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.; Ork. 1929 Marw.; Uls. 1953 Traynor; Sh., Cai., Lnk. 1968). Also fig. and in n.Eng. dial.Sc. 1743 Ho. Bk. Lady G. Baillie (S.H.S.) 274:
As soon as a glass is drunk out of, range it derectly in the brass pail which you must have there with water for that purpos.
Inv. 1812 Memoirs of a Highl. Lady (ed. Lady Strachey 1898) 161:
The washing and rinsing days (called by the maids ranging).
Edb. 1856 J. Ballantine Poems 13:
Whaur barefitted lassies amang the green braes, In the wee gushing burn ringe their siller-white claes.
Sc. 1868 G. Webster Strathbrachan II. i.:
Rangin' a handie wi' a drap saippie suds.
Kcb. 1897 A. J. Armstrong Robbie Rankine at Exhibition 26:
Ca'd through a warm sowp, ranged, wrung and hung oot to dry.

2. To clean (a vessel, etc.) by scraping or scrubbing round, to scour (Kcd. c.1890; Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.; Mry.1 1925; Rxb. 1968). Deriv. ranger, reenger (Ayr. 1880 Jam.), ringer (Cld. 1880 Jam.), a pot-scrubber made of heather twigs (Rxb. 1825 Jam., ‡1923 Watson W.-B., ranger; wm.Sc. 1968). See also heather ranger s.v. Heather, n., 5. (26).Edb. 1700 Foulis Acct. Bk. (S.H.S.) 272:
To grissell to buy a duzen heather rangers of barrells. . . . 2s. 0d.
Sc. c.1800 The Nightingale 191:
Besoms for a penny, rangers for a plack.

3. transf. To beat, thrash. Vbl.n. reengin'.Rxb. 1923 Watson W.-B.:
A guid reengin'.

II. n. 1. A rinse, a swilling, cleaning, scouring (Sh., Ags. 1968).Cld. 1880 Jam.:
Gie the claes a ringe in cauld water.
Ags. 1914 I. Bell Country Clash 33:
I whiles see his parritch pat sittin at the door. . . . I dinna think it ever gets a reenge oot ava.
Ork. 1929 Marw.:
Gae hid anither range and then hid'll do.

2. A scrubber made of heather twigs, esp. used for cleaning out cooking utensils (Per. 1738 Ochtertyre Ho. Bk. (S.H.S.) 118; ne., e. and wm.Sc. 1968), or brushing flues (Fif. 1968). See also heather-range s.v. Heather, n., 5. (26). Comb. ringe-heather the cross-leaved heath, Erica tetralix, from its use in making scrubbers (n.Sc. 1808 Jam.). Deriv. reenger, one who makes pot-scrubbers (Slg. 1968).Ags. 1853 W. Blair Aberbrothock 68:
Stravagin' the country sellin' heather reenges.
Lnk. 1863 J. Brown J. Leech (1882) 330:
Adam Thomson, who made and sold heather besoms, and “ranges”, and “basses”
Fif. 1886 A. Stewart Dunfermline 184:
Some of the men . . . made horn spoons, heather besoms and rainges.
Ags. 1934 H. B. Cruickshank Noran Water 20:
Heather reenges sell richt weel.

[The same word as Eng. rinse, the Sc. forms and n.Eng. dial. rench, being phs. derived directly from n.Fr. dial. r(a)incher, to swill, etc., Fr. rincer, to rinse, thrash, late Lat. recentare, to freshen, renew.]

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"Reenge v.2, n.2". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 5 Mar 2024 <>



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