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Scottish National Dictionary (1700–)

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First published 1968 (SND Vol. VII). Includes material from the 1976 supplement.
This entry has not been updated since then but may contain minor corrections and revisions.

RUIVE, n., v. Also ruv(e), ro(o)v(e), ruove, röv; raive (Ags. 1968); riv (Abd. 1825 Jam.), reeve (Cai. 1904 E.D.D.); row. [røv; re:v, n.Sc. riv]

I. n. A burr, a metal washer on which the point of a nail or bolt can be clinched, esp. as used in boat-building (Sh. a.1838 Jam. MSS. XI. 155, 1904 E.D.D., Sh. 1968), a rivet (I.Sc., Mry., Ags., Per., Kcb. 1968), gen. in phr. seam and ruive. See Seam.Sh. 1730 Old-Lore Misc. VI. i. 35:
2 firkins seam and roove.
Ork. 1747 P. Ork. A.S. XII. 50:
Some seem and ruve for boats.
Ayr. 1764 Session Papers, Orr v. Earl of Eglinton (5 July) 47:
He used some new nails and roves.
Sh. 1899 J. Spence Folk-Lore 125:
Local carpenters were employed to “set them up” [haf boats], or put the parts together with seam and röv.
Sh. 1949 New Shetlander No. 19. 44:
Haddin' a weight o' iron firnent him whin he drave da sem an' ruvs.

II. v. To use a burr, to rivet, clinch a nail or bolt (Sc. 1787 J. Elphinston Propriety II. 41, 1808 Jam.; I.Sc., Mry., Ags., Per., Kcb. 1968). Also fig.Sc. 1725 Ramsay Gentle Shep. v. iii.:
The Lord o' Heaven . . . a' your blessings roove.
Abd. 1736 Rec. Old Abd. (N.S.C.) II. 178:
For iron hingers to the two bells and for rowing and sadding the two tongues.
Fif. 1764 Rothes MSS.:
To 76 wages sherped and roved.
Edb. 1791 J. Learmont Poems 58:
For guid is roovit to nae state.
Rnf. 1813 G. MacIndoe Wandering Muse 73:
Ev'ry sentence roov'd as wi' a hammer.
Gall. 1824 MacTaggart Gallov. Encycl. 414:
My fellow went up and roov'd that nail on the other side.
Abd. 1904 E.D.D.:
Weyt till ye riv a' the nails.
Ayr. 1913 J. Service Memorables 35:
Ye should roove the tacket in the inside o' your shoe.

[O.Sc. rufe, = I. 1., 1494, = II., 1568, fig. 1654. The same word as nautical Eng. rove, a burr, O.N. , id. For the excrescent v cf. Cruive, Reeve, n.1, v.1]

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"Ruive n., v.". Dictionary of the Scots Language. 2004. Scottish Language Dictionaries Ltd. Accessed 16 Apr 2024 <>



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